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Marcel ELAP Literary Terms #1 (pages 2-6) Literary terms, figurative devices, and rhetorical devices
Terms in this set (33)
A reference, explicit or implicit, to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
the process by which the author reveals the personality of a character through action, dialogue, thought or commentary by the author or another character
struggle within the story. A struggle between opposing forces in the story whether between two characters, society, nature or God. Without it= no story
the authors choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing.
Verbal representation of sensory experience. Diction that bring out our 5 senses.
point of view
The perspective from which a story is told
related to imagery.
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences. Encompasses word order, sentence length and punctuation
The central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life. The topic is the subject about which a writer writes; the theme is what the writer says about the topic.
expression of attitude towards the subject. Use of diction and syntax show tone.
A comparison using "like" or "as"
A comparison without using like or as. just saying it rather than using like.
the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
Direct address, usually to someone or something that is not present or non-human
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it.
ex: The "white house" said this.
using one part of an object to represent the entire object.
Ex: hand for the person
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Ex: tried. true
Repetition of vowel sounds
Ex: wall, fall
repetition of NON-INITIAL consonants; ex., noR the fuRious
word imitates sound of object or action described; ex., it CRACKED, and GROWLED, and ROARED, and HOWLED
harsh or discordant sound pattern deliberately used; ex., "with throats unslaked with black lips baked"
exaggeration, overstatement in words
saying less than one means
a statement that seems contradictory but is actually true
pairing of two contrasting words
The use of words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal
meaning; Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs.
3 types of irony
verbal: opposite of what one means
dramatic: contrast between what the speaker says and what the author means; when the reader knows something the character does not know
situational: discrepancy between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate
a single word or short phrase, usually interrupting normal syntax, used to lend emphasis to the
words immediately proximate to the expletive
ex: He without doubt can be trusted with a cookie. He, without doubt, can be trusted with a cookie.
consists of omitting conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses. In a list of items, it gives the effect of unpremeditated multiplicity
ex: On his return he received medals, honors, treasures, titles, fame.
the use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause, and is thus structurally the
opposite of asyndeton. A feeling of multiplicity, energetic enumeration, and building up.
ex: They read and studied and wrote and drilled
a particular form of understatement, is generated by denying the opposite or contrary of the word which
otherwise would be used.
ex: Heat waves are common in the summer.
Heat waves are not rare in the summer.
is recurrent syntactical similarity. Several parts of a sentence or several sentences are expressed
similarly to show that the ideas in the parts or sentences are equal in importance.
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