27 terms

Architectural Styles

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Georgian
1690s-1830
Square symmetrical shape
Simple exterior lines
Large paired chimneys
French
1700's-Present day
2-3 stories
Hippped Roofs
Impressionable front entrances
Federal
1780-1840
2-3 Stories
Low pitched or flat roof with balustrade
Sqaure or rectangular box
Symmetrical
Greek Revival
1825-1860
Pendimented Gable
Large columns
Front door not centered but off to side
Italianate
1840-1885
Tall appearance, with 2, 3, or 4 stories
Low pitched or Flat roof
Balanced, symmetrical rectangular shape
Wide, overhanging eaves with brackets and cornices
Queen Anne
1880-1910
Steep Pitched Roof
Tower in Front
2-4 Stories
Lots of Ornamentation
Prairie
1900-1920
Wide overhanging eaves
Central chimney
Low pitched hip roofs
Low horizontal lines
Bungalow
1905-1930
One to two stories
Low-pitched gable roof
Small porch
Contemporary
1920-today
1-2 stories
odd, irregular shaped
lack of ornamentation
Ranch
1950-1980
Large Overhang
Single Floor
Minimal Ornamentation
Hipped or Gabld Roof
Split Level
1955 - 1975
2-3 Stories
Built on sloped site
Garage underneath or attached horizontally to main floor
A-frame
1960-today
1-2 stories
energy effecient
features change
Modern
1920-1960
2 Stories
Little or no ornamentation
Factory-made parts
Man-made materials such as metal and concrete
Frank Gehry
Considered to be the most famous of modern architects
Frank Lloyd Wright
Bring the outside in.
Low distinct horizontal lines
Emphasis
Rhythm
American Style Architecture
Roman
First to develop the arch for support
Aqueducts
Roadways
Greek
Post and Lintel Construction
Columns
Vault
Use of arch to create corridors
Rhythm
An architectural feature that is repetitive
Design Principle
Diagonal Lines
An Element of design
Represents moving up or down
Saltbox
New England
Flat front
Central Chimney
Garrison
2nd story overhang, Gable end roof design, exterior chimney on one end
Cape Cod
1 1/2 story, central framed front door, simple symmetry
Southern Colonial
large 2 or 3 story brick or frame house of symmetrical design
Dutch Colonial
a house style with gambrel roof
Spanish
Asymmetrical, arches, stucco w/ clay tile roof
English Tudor
Balloon frames structure finished to resemble post and frame construction