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The American Vision Chapter 11 Terms
Terms in this set (25)
Group of ordinary citizens formed by local law enforcement officers whose goal was to find criminals and bring them to justice
Method of mining by which water is sprayed at a very high pressure against a hill or mountain, washing away large quantities of dirt, gravel, and rock, and exposing the minerals beneath the surface
Vast areas of grassland owned by the federal government
Driving cattle long distances to a railway depot for fast transport and great profit
A huge ranch that covers thousands of acres
Neighborhoods settled by Hispanics in the growing cities of the Southwest, such as El Paso, Albuquerque, and Los Angeles
A prospector who in 1859 staked a claim in the Six Mile Canyon, near Virginia City, Nevada. He sold his claim a few months later, frustrated when he did not find any gold. However, his strike contained large amounts of nearly pure silver ore, bringing a flood of prospectors to Virginia City.
Quickly growing towns in the West built during times of rapid economic growth fueled by mining.
Method of acquiring a piece of U.S. public land by living on and cultivating it; a tract of public land available for settlement
A way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in the ground where there is some moisture
A name given to Great Plains farmers
A large, highly profitable wheat farm
A region that extends westward to the Rocky Mountains from the 100th meridian -- a line of longitude running north and south from the central Dakotas through western Texas. It is dry grassland where trees grow naturally only along rivers and streams.
A major who explored the Great Plains with an army expedition in 1819 and called it the "Great American Desert" and concluded that it was "almost wholly unfit for cultivation".
An act passed by the government in 1862 to encourage settlement on the Great Plains. For a $10 registration fee, an individual could file for a homestead. A homesteader could claim up to 160 acres of land and could receive title to that land after living there for five years.
A region that began at the eastern edge of the Great Plains and encompassed much of the Dakotas and parts of Nebraska and Kansas in which wheat was grown.
A person who continually moves from place to place, usually in search of food
Money paid by contract at regular intervals
To absorb a group into the culture of a larger population
A plot of land assigned to an individual or family for cultivation
Sand Creek Massacre
The events that took place at Sand Creek where Colonel John Chivington of the Colorado Volunteers attacked and killed members of the Cheyenne tribe encamped there.
Indian Peace Commission
A commission formed by Congress in 1867 to take action against the escalating conflict with Native Americans on the Great Plains. This commission proposed creating two large reservations on the Plains, one for the Sioux and another for Native Americans of the southern Plains. However, their plan was doomed for failure.
George A. Custer
A lieutenant colonel in the army who on June 25, 1876, ignoring orders and acting on his own initiative, launched an unsuccessful three-pronged attack with the 7th Cavalry on the Lakota near the Bighorn Mountains in broad daylight when he was clearly outnumbered. He was killed in this battle.
The leader of the Nez Perce people, who refused to move to a smaller reservation in Idaho in 1877. They fled on a journey of over 1,300 miles when the army came to force them to relocate and eventually surrendered and were exiled to Oklahoma.
The act passed by Congress in 1887 which allotted to each Native American head of household 160 acres of land for farming; single adults received 80 acres, and 40 acres were allotted for children. The land that remained after allotment would be sold to American settlers, with the proceeds going into a trust for Native Americans. This plan, however, failed to achieve its goals.
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