President of USA until he was assassinated. Made 10% Plan called Leniency and was assassinated during his second four year term. Served as president during the civil war.
First president to be impeached. Took place of Abraham Lincoln of he was assassinated.
Group of Northerners who disagreed with the South and made a Reconstruction plan that was hard on them
Rutherford B. Hayes
Elected President by electoral votes but had to make a compromise with the South. Ran for president in the election of 1864
to any Confederate who would take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept federal policy on slavery
2. Denied pardons to all who had killed African-American Prisoners.
1.Pardon Southerners who swore allegiance to the Union.
2. Each state could hold a constitutional convention without 10% plan.
3. States required to void secession and approve the 13th amendment(no slavery).
4. States then are part of the Union.
Radical Republican Reconstruction Plan
1.Total restricting of society to guarantee African American true
2. Thought Lincoln was too lenient!
1.Ex-Confederates take an oath of loyalty to swear they had never willingly taken arms against the Union.
2. Lincoln vetoes it.
Civil Rights Act
Congress made this to override President Johnson's veto. It outlawed the black codes giving equality to blacks.
1. He would have to withdraw troop from the South.
2. Name a Southerner to his cabinet.
3. Use the federal money to improve the South- They wanted more industry.
northern republican who fled to the South to profit from the South's misery; came to make money off the damaged South
white southern republican who opposed secession; many were poor and sent to the South; they were seen as traitors
a person who farms a portion of a planters land. Planter provides housing and food and the sharecropper pays his rent with a large portion of the crop he raised. Sharecroppers are always in a cycle of debt.
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated and restored into the Union.
Election of 1876
Samuel Tilden vs Rutherford Hayes.
Samuel Tilden wins popular votes but Hayes wins electoral votes. Hayes must make a compromise with the South for this.
(law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question
meaning you have to be inside and cannot hold public meetings after a certain time of day. was stated in the black codes to restrict the freedmen's rights
Election of 1868
Ulysses Grant vs Horatio Seymour
Grant wins and 15th amendment passed after the election
Election of 1872
Election between Grant (republican), Horace Greeley (liberal republican & democrat). Grant won easily.
Restriction of Black Freedom
Whites were trying to stop blacks from getting equality with them by using the black codes but congress does not pass this
tenure office act
1866 - enacted by radical congress - forbade president from removing civil officers without senatorial consent - was to prevent Johnson from removing a radical republican from his cabinet
organization established to restore political power to the pre-civil war white democrats and did not hesitate to use violence to achieve that end