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39 terms

Reconstruction Study Guide Words

Reconstruction Study Guide Words
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Abraham Lincoln
President of USA until he was assassinated. Made 10% Plan called Leniency and was assassinated during his second four year term. Served as president during the civil war.
John Wilkes Booth
Actor from Maryland and Abraham Lincoln's assassin.
President Johnson
First president to be impeached. Took place of Abraham Lincoln of he was assassinated.
Radical Republicans
Group of Northerners who disagreed with the South and made a Reconstruction plan that was hard on them
Rutherford B. Hayes
Elected President by electoral votes but had to make a compromise with the South. Ran for president in the election of 1864
Ulysses S. Grant
Won presidential election in 1868. Former Civil War general from the North.
KKK
Group of people that wanted blacks to have submissive roles in society.
10% Plan
1.Pardon(excuse)
to any Confederate who would take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept federal policy on slavery
(no slavery).
2. Denied pardons to all who had killed African-American Prisoners.
Johnson's Reconstruction
1.Pardon Southerners who swore allegiance to the Union.
2. Each state could hold a constitutional convention without 10% plan.
3. States required to void secession and approve the 13th amendment(no slavery).
4. States then are part of the Union.
Radical Republican Reconstruction Plan
1.Total restricting of society to guarantee African American true
equality.
2. Thought Lincoln was too lenient!
Wade-Davis Bill
1.Ex-Confederates take an oath of loyalty to swear they had never willingly taken arms against the Union.
2. Lincoln vetoes it.
Civil Rights Act
Congress made this to override President Johnson's veto. It outlawed the black codes giving equality to blacks.
Amendment 13
Banned slavery
Amendment 14
Granted equal protection to all U.S. citizens.
Amendment 15
Granted the right for all men to vote.
Hayes Compromise
1. He would have to withdraw troop from the South.
2. Name a Southerner to his cabinet.
3. Use the federal money to improve the South- They wanted more industry.
Black Codes
Limited blacks rights and caused them to not have equality with whites.
Pardon
the act of excusing a mistake or offense
Carpetbaggers
northern republican who fled to the South to profit from the South's misery; came to make money off the damaged South
Scalawags
white southern republican who opposed secession; many were poor and sent to the South; they were seen as traitors
share-cropper
a person who farms a portion of a planters land. Planter provides housing and food and the sharecropper pays his rent with a large portion of the crop he raised. Sharecroppers are always in a cycle of debt.
tenant farmer
a person who rents a piece of land and they farmed the land. Made a small profit.
impeach
to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
reconstruction
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated and restored into the Union.
Election of 1876
Samuel Tilden vs Rutherford Hayes.
Samuel Tilden wins popular votes but Hayes wins electoral votes. Hayes must make a compromise with the South for this.
Alibi
(law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question
ratify
to approve
vagrancy
meaning you have to always be working. was stated in the black codes
curfew
meaning you have to be inside and cannot hold public meetings after a certain time of day. was stated in the black codes to restrict the freedmen's rights
Southern destruction
South is destroyed due to the civil war
Election of 1868
Ulysses Grant vs Horatio Seymour
Grant wins and 15th amendment passed after the election
Election of 1872
Election between Grant (republican), Horace Greeley (liberal republican & democrat). Grant won easily.
Freedmen's Bureau
An organization to help freedmen adapt from slavery to freedom
Restriction of Black Freedom
Whites were trying to stop blacks from getting equality with them by using the black codes but congress does not pass this
popular votes
the votes that the people actually cast
electoral votes
votes cast by electors in the electoral college
tenure office act
1866 - enacted by radical congress - forbade president from removing civil officers without senatorial consent - was to prevent Johnson from removing a radical republican from his cabinet
white league
organization established to restore political power to the pre-civil war white democrats and did not hesitate to use violence to achieve that end
civil rights
right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equ