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Arts and Humanities
Flash cards for Buddhism quiz
Terms in this set (28)
How many people believe in Buddhism and what percentage?
360 million and 6%
What are the two biggest countries that contain Buddhists?
China and Japan
Who was the founder of Buddhism?
The Buddah (Enlightend One)
Who was the Buddah, what modern day country did he live in, and what was his childhood like?
Siddhartha Gautama. Nepal. His father was over protective, so he did not know that there were horrible truths in the world. He escaped from the kingdom and found out those truths.
What were the four truths that the Buddah found and what do they symbolize?
Old man - people do grow old
Sick man - there is suffereing in the world
Funeral Procession - people do die
Religious man - you don't need wealth to be happy
What did Siddartha do once coming to these realizations?
He gave up everything he had to live a religious live, but realized he was too hard on himself.
What is the Middle Path?
Neither self indulgence or self deprivation, but a life of moderation.
What does meddiation do?
Helps you find the truth about things.
What did the Buddah say suffering is caused by, how do you get onto the path of enlightenment, and what was the first account of Enlightenment called?
Want, you have to realize that want causes suffering and understand that, and the first account of Enlightenment was called the Great Enlightenment.
What are the Four Noble Truths?
Suffering is a part of life
There are reasons for suffering
You can end suffering
The way to end suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path.
What is the Eightfold path?
1. Right understanding
2. Right thought
3. Right speech
4. Right lively hood
5. Right effort
6. Right mindfulness
7. Right action
8. Right consentration
How are you supposed to treat others according to Buddah?
Be kind, be respectful, and put others before yourselves.
When should you follow the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path?
What are the two main branches of Buddhism and how are they different?
Theravada and Mahayana.
Theravada try to remain close to the oldest texts of Buddah, and believe that you can achieve Enlightenment on your own.
Mahayana believe that you need help to reach Enlightenment.
Buddhists believe in ______, or rebirth. Depending on your ______, you will come back as a human or perhaps a weaker living being. (Such as a penguin)
Where is the place you go where there is no more suffering and you have reached Enlightenment.
Who is the spiritual leader of the Tivetan Buddhists that follow Mahayna Buddhism?
The Dalai Lama
______ made of monks, nuns, and laity are part of the Buddha's followers.
Aspects of Buddhist Monastic life. (Nuns and Monks)
Nuns: Teachers for children, help the elderly, and translate scripts. They shave their heads and wear robes. Buddha is seen as an example. Monks: 227 rules, Donnah is given to them by laypeople, make cofessions evry two months, rules are very strict, they shave their heads and wear robes, Buddha is seen as an example, they live in a peaceful place.
What are Buddhist sacred writings?
Stupas, the first writings were written on plam leaves.
What are Dharma Wheels?
Revolution of wheels tell about scripture.
What are Prayer Flags?
Flags with prayers on them are displayed outside of homes.
What are Shrines?
Private places for prayer in houses.
What are Temples?
Public place for prayer.
Why is the Bodhi Tree important?
It is the tree the Buddha sat under when he gained Enlightenment.
What is incense used for?
Prayer and concentration.
What does the Lotus Flower symbolize?
What are Stupas and what are kept in them?
They are round bell-shaped domes that have relics of the Buddha kept in them (teeth, bones, writings).
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