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52 terms

Medical Term, Respiratory

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alveolo
alveolus
bronchio
bronchus
bronchiolo
bronchiole
capn carb
carbon dioxide
laryngo
laryns
lobo
lobe
naso rhino
nose
oro
mouth
oxo
oxygen
palato
palate
pharyngo
pharynx
phreno
diaphragm
pleuro
pleura
pneumo
air or lung
pulmono
lung
sinuso
sinus
spiro
breathing
thoraco, pectoro, stetho
chest
tonsillo
tonsil
tracheo
trachea
uvulo
uvula
-pnea
breathing
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
apnea
inability to breathe
orthopnea
ability to breath only in an upright position
crackle;rale
extraneous popping sound heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli
wheezes,rhonchi
high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway; occurs in asthma and emphysema
stridor
high-pitched crowing sound produced by obstruction in the uppoer airway
dysphonia
hoarseness
epistaxis
nosebleed
expectoration
coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs
sputum
material expelled from the lungs by coughing
hemoptysis
coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
pulmonary edema
fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli
atelectasis
collapse of lung tissue
emphysema
obstructive pulmonary disease resulting in alveoli lossing lung eleaticity and gase exchange
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
permanent destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combo of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
cystic fibrosis
inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick, viscous mucus that obstructs passageways within the body, commonly affecting lungs and GI tract.
pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
pneumonia
lung inflammation caused by infection, or resulting from aspiration of chemicals
pneumothorax
air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
pulmonary embolism
occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot
sleep apnea
periods of breathing cessation that occur during sleep, often causing snoring
arterial blood gases
analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases
auscultation
physical examination method of listening to sounds within the body using a stethoscope
percussion
physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibration and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest
tracheostomy
creation of an opening in the trachea, most often to insert a tube
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea
cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
method of artifical respiration and closed-chest massage used to restore breathing and cardiac output after cardiac arrest
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages
bronchodilator
drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
expectorant
drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing.