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NUR 300 Female Reproductive Disorders

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Follicular
Menses occur & ovarian follicles develop
Ovulatory
Dominant follicle releases egg -> fallopian tube (when fertilization can occur)
Luteal
Dominant follicle collapses into corpus luteum & endometrium grows
FSH
Hormone that stimulates development of ovarian follicles
FSH
Stimulates estrogen secretion by ovaries
FSH
Negative feedback inhibition by estrogen
LH
Its peak causes egg to be ejected from dominant follicle (ovulation)
LH
Negative feedback by progesterone
LH
Peaks in late follicular/early ovulatory
FHS
Peaks at follicular stage
Estrogen
Secreted by ovaries before egg is released to help: endometrial growth, ovulation preparation, fertilization, and breast growth & development
Progesterone
Secreted by ovaries after the egg is release from the dominant follicle; main function is to promote secretory endometrial changes
Preovulatory
Growth of superficial layer of endometrium due to increased estrogen in follicular phase
Postovulatory
Edematous, vascular & secretory due to increases progesterone in luteal phase
Menstrual
Superficial layer degenerates & sloughs off due to decrease in progesterone in luteal/follicular phase
Endometriosis
Condition in which functional endometrial tissue is found in ectopic sites; may cause bleesing into surrounding structure causing pain
Leiomyomas
Benign smooth muscle neoplasms in the uterus mostly dx in women >35 yo
Endometrial Cancer
Anaplastic changes of the endometrium most often seen in postmenopause women
Galactocele
Local collection of milk in the breast due to obstruction
Mastitis
Inflammation of the breast
Fibrocystic Breast Disease
Nodular, tender breast changes that fluctuate with the menstrual cycle; cysts, increase in fibrous tissue, epithelial proliferation
Breast Cancer
Anaplastic changes of breast tissue most often in ductile tissue