Upgrade to remove ads
Review for the Praxis
Terms in this set (140)
under President Johnson in the 1960's basis for title one
how a child's life experiences effect his learning
PARC vs. State of Penn
birthplace of FAPE
Larry P vs. Riles
misclassification of African Americans as mentally retarded because of unfair IQ tests
Is using a single IQ test to determine placement legal?
Diana vs. the Board of Educaiton
dealt with the language of assessment, must be administered in the students native language
Section 504 comes from
The Vocational and Rehabilitation Act of 1974
How does 504 define a disability?
much broader than IDEA disabilities that effect a life experience
Rawley vs. Henry Hudson School district
Supreme Court Ruled that a deaf student did not need to have an interpreter to receive FAPE
Which law is more medically oriented IDEA or 504?
Does FAPE cover students who have been suspended or expelled?
What time frame must an evaluation happen after the parents give consent?
What comes first in the IEP -- placement or program?
program first placement second
LRE means that
students with disabilities must have the same access to curriculum as their non-disabled peers
Students must be involved in transition planning services starting at age
Which principle of IDEA involves due process?
What are the six principles of IDEA
IEP, LRE, Student/parent participation, FAPE, procedural safeguards, appropriate evaluation
social, emotional, physical, cognitive, adaptive, & communication
Developmental delay can occur in the areas of
developmental delay that effects verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction
concimitant hearing and visual impariments causing severe communication and other developmental and educational needs
hearing impairment that is so severe to cause impaired processing of linguistic information through hearing
inability to learn not explained by sensory intellectual or health factors
impairment in hearing that affects educaitonal performance, but not included under the definition of deafness
subaverage general intellectual functioning with deficits in adaptive behavior
co-occurring impairments causing severe educational needs; does not include deaf-blindness
severe orthopedic impairment, including impairments caused by congenital anomalies, disease, and other causes
asmtha, add, adhd, diabetes, epilepsy
other health impairments
disorder in one or more psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written language that may manifest itself in the ability to listen, think, write, spell, or do math
specific learning disability
communication disorders or language or voice impairments
speech or language impairment
acquired injury to the brain caused by external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment of both
traumatic brain injury
vision impairment including partial sight and blindness
curriculum based assessment
In making a decision about curriculum and instruction for a student with a disability what piece of information is most useful?
specific learning disability
Randi has an average IQ score but scores far below grade in reading, writing, and math: this profile is most consistent with a :
a statement that explains why the placement is the least restrictive environemnt
IDEA 2004 requires this on an IEP
professional collaboration, philosophy of diversity, use of cooperative learning
Name three traits of effective inclusive schools
obtain skilled or semi-skilled employment
"Filing out job application and after school work with an electrician" are listed on Jeff's ITP his long term goal is to..
mowat sensor, laser cane, sonic guide
mobility training for students who are visually impaired can involve
Standord Binet and Scales of Independent Behavior
two test that are often used to identify mental retardation are
The most frequently occurring permanently disabling birth defect, characterized by an abnormal opening in the spinal column, is called
multiple and severe disabilties
A curriculum focusing on augmentative communication and assistive technology is most likely used with
Diana vs. State Board of Education, Larry P.vs Riles, and Lau vs. Nichols all addressed the issue of?
ability and achievement with ability being higher than acheivement
in order to identify a student with a learning disability most examiners are concerned with a discrepancy between
Does IDEA 04 require IEP's for students 21 or younger?
learners with disabilities with have opportunities to achieve commensurate with their peers
Hudson vs Rowley determined that "appropriate education" means that
general education classrooms
In a full-inclusion model services to students with disabilities are available in
hear and understand speech
from a functional perspective deafness is related to difficulties with the ability to
social skills are crucial to success in inclusive education
Many students with disabilities receive social skills instruction because...
reinforce an appropriate but incompatible behavior
According to a behavioral classroom management model, if a student exhibits an inappropriate behavior, the teacher should
share the responsibility for the students education
In a full-inclusion model the special education teacher & the general education teacher
a remedial approach
A 10 th grader receiving direct instruction in decoding skills to facilitate the recognition of high-frequency words is getting?
The most likely reason to adminster a Woodcock Johnson would be to test for
In order to meet the needs of an infant or toddler with disabilities
Does direct instruction involve student to student interaction?
What is the broadest means of using technology for speech and language purposes
If a college bound student has the accommodation that he uses a tape recorder in english and a calculator in algebra II this is an example of
About 80% of all speech disorders are characterized by difficulties with
Most people with severe and multiple disabilities have a primary condition of
Students with mild mental retardation make up what percentage of students with mental retardation
curriculum based assessment
Using objectives from the students work in class as a means to evaluate progress and adapt instruction is known as
According to IDEA 2004 can a student with a disability who brings drugs or weapons to school be expelled?
no it goes in through other health impairments or a 504 plan
According to IDEA 2004 is ADD ADHD a separate disability catagory?
Placing students with same disabilities together for instruction purposes represents a
manipulating the antecedent stimulus
Two student who sat next to each other and distract one another then the teacher moves them and they stop talking...
related limitations in two or more areas of adaptive skills
In order to be identified as having mental retardation a child must demonstrate significantly sub average functioning and
contingency based self-management
Having students keeps track of their own behavior and then receive rewards for appropriate behavior is known as...
a student looking at other students to see what they are doing
What is indicative of a receptive language disorder?
early traumatic experiences
A psychoanalytic approach would explain behavior disorders as resulting from
A teacher who sets clear and explicit goals for each lesson, presents a logical sequence of tasks, gives clear directions on how to do eacht ask, engages the student in guided practice, asks frequent questions, gives feedback, and does not move on to the next task until the student masters the one at hand is using
teach a student with muscular dystrophy how to paint with a brush
a resource room teacher would be most likely to contact an OT to
Almost 2/3rds of children with ADD or ADHD also have some kind of
Students with learning disabilities account for what percent of children in special education
pre-referral screening and an in class observation
If parents are considering that their 4th grade student may need special education services the first step would be to do a
have the teacher never give instructions when facing the board
When a child with mild hearing loss cannot understand teacher directions the first step should be to
try to find appropriate content at grade level
If a 5th grade student is getting frustrated in social studies because he still reads at a third grade level, what should the teacher do?
IDEA 2004 non-discriminatory assessment
If a spanish student is tested in english for his WICS-VI his parents can contest the results on the basis of
having them practice filing out job applications
What would be an appropriate task for high school students with mild mental retardation?
Which deals with removing aversives negative reinforcement of negative consequences
Which perspective attributes emotional and behavioral disorders to poor interaction with the environment in which the student and environment affect each other reciprocally and advocates interventions using the entire social system
group contingency contracting
all the members of a group must achieve a certain goal before any member of the group receives a reward is an example of a
The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales would most likely be an example of
an individualized transition plan
plans that goals and objectives including future employment, independent living, and adult services for students 14 years and older are know as
The principle of 2004 that will not let you suspend a student if his behavior is a function of his disability is known as
the approach to reading instruction which uses students language and experiences and in which reading is taught a meaning-oriented integrated activity rather than a collection of separate skills is known as a
functional skills, social skills, career skills
a 14 year old boy with mild autism would have what in his curriculum
a girl who has long temper tantrums needs to have her behavior observed in what way for a baseline assessment
subaverage intellectual functioning, deficits in two or more areas of adaptive behavior, and manifestation during the developmental period
name three components of the AAMR definition of mental retardation
A phenomena in which students with disabilities think they fail no harder they try is called
metacognition is connected to
Is inviting every single teacher to an IEP meeting something that will put parents at ease
Council for Exceptional Children
An organization that was founded in 1922 to advocate for all children with disabilities is called the
the approach that categorizes exceptionality as the statistical degree to which an individual deviates from the average in terms of cognitive,social-emotional, and physical abilities is called
a hearing aid
A student with mild conductive loss is most likely to make use of a
hearing loss makes effects language development through reading, writing
How does deafness connect to IDEA?
hearing loss that was present at birth
What does congenital hearing loss mean?
hearing loss that happened after birth
What is acquired hearing loss?
it directly stimulates the auditory nerve
What does a cochlear implant do?
What instrument do we use to test hearing?
what is the standard achievement test for deaf students?
loop systems, closed-caption technology and computers
three examples of supplemental aides for death students
the Cummins model
A model used with ESL and deaf students
What percentage of deaf students spend most of their time in the regular education classrom
modifying a passage and taking out every fifth word
What is CLOZE procedure?
hearing loss caused by a problem in the outer or middle ear
What is conductive hearing loss?
hearing loss that is caused by a problem in the inner ear/nerve pathway to the brain
What is sensorineural hearing loss?
Hearing loss is low-incidence disability that effects what percent of the population?
Do cochlear implants make sound louder?
low vision, functionally blind, totally blind
What are the three categories in the range of visual impairments?
a vision loss after a person had normal vision
What is an adventitious visual impairment?
functional vision assessment
What does FVA stand for?
CCTV, optical scanner, computers
What are some examples of assistive technology for blind students?
inattentive, hyperactive, combination
What are the three sub types of ADHD?
non-verbal working memory, internalization of speech, self-regulation of affect motivation and arousal, reconstitution
Name four areas of executive function
heredity, structural differences in the brain, and other biological causes
What are three biological causes for ADHD?
medication and a behavior management intervention
What would an example of a multimodal treatment for a child with ADD be?
In errorless learning SD stands for?
they modify students thought patterns
What to cognitive behavioral therapists do?
ADHD criteria is defined by
two to nine percent
What percent of the population was ADHD?
the Connors behavior scale & ADDES
What behavior assessment scale is often used to rate students for ADHD?
limitations in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior
What are the two major characteristics of mental retardation?
intermittant, limited, extensive, and pervasive
Four varying degrees of support for the mentally retarded
low motivation and distrusting their own solutions and depending upon others to guide them
What does outer-directedness mean?
typical performance of individuals in meeting the various expectations of their environments
What does adaptive behavior mean?
conceptual skills(self-determination, reading, and writing, social skills, practical skills
What are the three domains of adaptive behavior?
pre-natal, post-natal, and perinatal
What are the three types of timing that effect mental retardation
biomedical, social, behavioral, and educational
What are the four types of causes of mental retardation?
students who are mentally retarded
prelinguistic mileau training allows teachers to teach language skills to...
response by response, instructional and test data, error data, anecdotal data
What are four types of data based decision making?
life space analysis
The process for assessing data regarding student environments for community based instruction is called a?
exploring the subenvironments within the restuarant
A ecological inventory for an MR student in a fast food environment would be...
Mental retardation originates before what age?
nine knowledge, skill, and behavior areas to provide a level of performance information related to transition needs
What does the Transition Planning Inventory assesses?
pervasive developmental disorders
Autism falls on the spectrum of...
students who have significant challenges in social and emotional functioning without delays in language or intellectual functioning
Asperger Syndrome is defined as
atypical language development, atypical social development, repetitive behavior, problem behavior, need for environmental predictability, sensory and movement disorders, differences in social and intellectual functioning
What are the seven characteristics of autism?
delayed language and echolalia
Atypical language development manifests itself in these two ways?
10 per 10, 100 children
What is the prevalence of autism?
abnormalities in brain development, neurochemistry, and genetic factors
What causes autism?
Is FBA a type of ecological assessment?
How you teach young children with autism social interaction?
You might also like...
Praxis Special Ed
SPED 3030 final quiz review
Sped Exam 3 Review
Sped Ch-1-4 Test preparation
Other sets by this creator
PRAXIS Sample Test Questions
Praxis Special Ed General 125