World History Unit 2 Vocabulary 3

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Terms in this set (...)

Homer
greatest story teller in Greek history. Responsible for many Greek epics
Epic
narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds
Myth
traditional story about Greek gods
Polis
city-state that was the typical political unit in ancient Greece
Monarchy
government ruled by a king or queen
Aristocracy
a government ruled by a small group of nobles (land owners)
Oligarchy
a government ruled by a few powerful people
Democracy
system of government where the people rule
Philosopher
a person who seeks the truth, no matter what that truth may be
Socrates
Philosopher that was known for encouraging people to question their own lives
Plato
Philosopher known for writing about the perfectly governed society that became the basis for much of European political ideology until the Renaissance
Aristotle
Philosopher who summarized all knowledge of his time and was the teacher of Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
leader who created one of the largest empires Greece will ever have. Founder of Alexandria, center of Hellenistic culture.
Alexandria
city that served as the center of the Hellenistic world
Hellenistic
The form of Greek culture that emerged after Alexander's conquests

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