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25 terms

Chapter 54 vocabulary

Microbiology
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antimicrobial agent
Drugs used to treat infection
arthropods
member of a class of invertebrate animals that includes the insects, crustaceans, and arachnids
asepsis
The process of removing pathogenic microorganisms or protecting against infection by such organism.
broad spectrum antimicrobial agents
drugs used to treat a broad range of infection
cysts
small capsule like sacs that enclose certain organisms in their dormant or larval stage
eukaryote
single celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contain a distinct membrane bound nucleus
fastidious
requiring specialized media or growth factors to grow
interferon
Glycoproteins produced by cells infected with a virus or another intracellular parasite that can be used medically as antiviral or anticancer therapeutics
interleukin
a protein produced by certain white blood cells that regulates immune responses by activating lymphocytes and initiating fever
in vitro
refers to conditions outside of a living body
macromolecules
the molecules needed for metabolism: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
microorganisms
organisms of microscopic or submicroscopic size
molecules
groups of like or different atoms held together by chemical forces
nanometer
one billionth of a meter
nosocomial
pertaining to or originating in the hospital; said of a infection not present or incubating before admittance to the hospital
organelles
differentiated structures within a cell, such as mitochondrial, vacuoles, and chloroplasts, which perform a specific function.
pathogens
agents that cause disease, especially living microorganisms such as a bacteria or fungi
prokaryote
a unicellular organism having cells that lack a membrane bound nucleus
prostaglandins
chemicals released from cells that cause smooth muscle contraction and pain.
pure culture
a bacterial or fungal culture that contains a single organism
specimen
a sample, as of tissue, blood, or urine, used for analysis and diagnosis
tissue culture
the technique or process of keeping tissue alive and growing in a culture medium
transport medium
a medium used to keep an organism alive during transport to the lab
viable
capable of living, developing, or germinating under favorable conditions
wet mount
a slide preparation in which a drop of liquid specimen or the like is covered with a cover slip and observed with a microscope