Endocrine System Pretest 1/2

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Which one of the following is NOT one of the major processes controlled by hormones:
body coordination
Hormone concentrations in the blood under normal conditions are USUALLY regulated by:
negative feedback mechanisms
Which one of the following is NOT typical of the changes that follow the binding of a hormone to its target cells:
cellular mutations occur
Prostaglandins are:
lipid hormones manufactured in cell plasma membranes
Being lipid soluble, steroids can do all the following EXCEPT:
catalyze cyclic AMP
The type of endocrine stimulus that involves changing levels of certain blood-borne ions and nutrients is called:
humoral stimulus
The pituitary gland is located:
within the "Turk's saddle" of the sphenoid bone
Tropic hormones:
stimulate other endocrine glands to secrete hormones
Hypersecretion of growth hormone in adulthood after long bone growth has ended leads to:
acromegaly
Which one of the following is NOT an anterior pituitary hormone:
antidiuretic hormone
The hormone that triggers ovulation of an egg from the female ovary is:
luteinizing hormone
In men, luteinizing hormone is also called:
interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
Which one of the following is NOT produced by the hypothalamus:
thyroid-stimulating hormone
An enlargement of the thyroid gland resulting from a deficiency of dietary iodine is called:
goiter
Which one of the following is NOT a function of oxytocin:
stimulation of menstruation
Another name for antidiuretic hormone is:
vasopressin
Which one of the following hormones exerts its primary effects on the reproductive organs:
follicle-stimulating hormone
Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone may lead to:
diabetes insipidus
The thyroid gland is located:
below the Adam's apple
Which one of the following is NOT a thyroid hormone:
parathormone
The element necessary in the diet for proper thyroid function is:
iodine
Hyposecretion of thyroxine in early childhood leads to:
cretinism
The hormone that is antagonistic to calcitonin is:
parathormone
Which one of the following is NOT produced by the adrenal cortex:
epinephrine
Aldosterone is a:
mineralocorticoid
Rising blood levels of aldosterone cause the kidney tubules to:
reabsorb sodium
Tetany resulting from uncontrolled muscle spasms may indicate a malfunction of the:
parathyroid glands
The enzyme produced by the kidneys when blood pressure drops, stimulating a release of aldosterone, is called:
renin
Glucocorticoids do all of the following EXCEPT:
regulate salt content of the blood
Which one of the following is NOT a symptom of Cushing's syndrome:
bronze skin tones
Generalized hyposecretion of all adrenal cortex hormones leads to:
Addison's disease
Which one of the following is NOT an action of the catecholamines:
decreased blood pressure
Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreatic islets called:
beta cells
Insulin has a:
hypoglycemic effect
Insulin causes:
a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose
Which one of the following is NOT a sign of diabetes mellitus:
moon face
The corpus luteum produces:
both progesterone and estrogen
The hormone that appears to help regulate our sleep-awake cycles is:
melatonin
The hormone responsible for the maturation of white blood cells known as T lymphocytes is:
thymosin
Estrogens do all of the following EXCEPT:
stimulate growth of facial hair
Which one of the following is NOT true of androgens:
they stimulate the corpus luteum
Which one of the following hormones is NOT produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland:
oxytocin
The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called:
interstitial cells
The secondary sex characteristics brought about by testosterone secretion do NOT include:
development of breasts
The placenta produces all of the following EXCEPT:
luteinizing hormone
The gland that produces thymosin is indicated by letter
f
The gland that produces melatonin is indicated by lette
a
The gland that produces testosterone is indicated by letter
j
The glands that produce steroids and catecholamines are indicated by letter
...
The producer of hormones released by the posterior pituitary is indicated by letter
...
The gland that produces insulin and glucagon is indicated by letter
h
The glands that act as antagonists to the thyroid gland are indicated by letter
e
The gland that has both glandular and nervous tissue associated with it is indicated by letter
...
The gland that is the major producer of female hormones is indicated by letter
i
The gland that is primarily responsible for body metabolism is indicated by letter
...
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