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102 terms

Milady - Chapter 10

STUDY
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Dermatology
is the branch of medical science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders and diseases.
Dermatologist
Are skin doctors
Lesions
are structural changes in the tissue caused by damage or injury. Any mark, symptom, or abnormality is described as a_____.
3
How many types of lesions are there?
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary
Name the three types of lesions.
Primary lesions
are lesions in the early stages of development or change. Are characterized by flat, non-palpable changes in skin color - such as macules - or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity, such as vesicles or pustules.
Bulla
Large Blister.
Cyst
Sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin.
Macule
Freckle.
Nodule
Tumors - (smaller) caused by fatty deposits, or infections.
Papule
Elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may develop into a pustule.
Pustule
An inflamed papule with a white or yellow center, containing pus, a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria and other debris produced from an infection.
Tubercle
Rounded solid lump.
Tumor
A large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication, varying in size, shape and color.
Vesicles
Small blister - Poison ivy/oak.
Wheal
An itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy. Also known as hives and mosquito bites.
Urticaria
Medical term for Hive (caused by the exposure to allergens).
Secondary Lesion
Develops in later stages of disease.
Crust
Dead cell formed (Scab).
Excoriation
A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
Acne Excoriee
A disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration.
Fissure
Crack in the skin - Chapped lips or hands.
Keloid
A thick scar resulting from excess growth of fibrous tissue (collagen). Genetically predisposed.
Scale
Flaky skin cells - Dandruff or psoriasis.
Ulcer
An open lesion on the skin's mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth.
Acne
A chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands.
Acne Simplex/Acne Vulgaris
Two other names for acne.
Propionibacterium Acne (p. acnes)
Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions.
Asteatosis
Dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency can be due to aging, body disorders, alkalies of harsh soaps, or cold.
Comedone
Non-inflamed buildup of cells, sebum, and other debris inside follicles.
Comedo
Open comedones known as Blackheads.
Furuncle
Boils - subcutaneous abscess filled wih ps.
Carbuncles
Group of boils
Milia
Whiteheads, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin with no visible opening.
Sebaceous hyperplasia
Benign lesions frequently seen in the oilier areas of the face. Over-growths of the sebaceous glands appear similar to open comedones - doughnut shaped.
Seborrhea
Severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands.
Seborrheic dermatitis
A skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness.
Steatoma
A sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum - Also called wen.
Anihidrosis
A deficiency in perspiration due to the failure of the sweat glands.
Bromhidrosis
Foul-smelling perspiration, caused by bacteria or yeast.
hyperhidrosis
Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics or body weakness.
Miliaria Rubra
Prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands. Red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excess heat exposure
Atopic dermatitis
Rash - caused by allergies.
Contact dermatitis
An inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with a substance or chemical.
Dermatitis
Inflammatory condition of the skin.
Eczema
An inflammatory, painful, itching disease of the skin. Dry or moist lesions
Seborrheic dermatitis
mainly affects oily areas. Avoid contact and skin care treatments if a client has eczema.
Edema
Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from response.
Erythema
Redness caused by inflammation.
Folliculitis
Hair grows under the surface, instead of growing up and out of the follicle, causing a bacterial infection.
pseudofolliculitis
Razor bumps without the pus or infection are called
Pruitis
Medical term for itching.
Psoriasis
A skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white silver scales. Is not contagious, but can spread by irritating the affected area.
Rosacea
Inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases the formation of papules and pustules. Chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. Vasodilation of the blood vessels makes it worse.
Telangiectasia
Vascular lesions - capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger or distended blood vessels. commonly called Couperose skin.
Urticaria
An allergic reaction by the body's histamine productions: AKA: Hives.
2
How many types does pigmentation disorders have?
Hyperpigmentation/Hypopigmentation
Name the two types of pigmentation?
Chloasma
Increase pigmentation; liver spots.
Hyperpigmentation
An overproduction of pigment - sun exposure, acne medications, and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation from skin damage.
Lentigo (Lentigenes - multiple)
is one freckle. small yellow-brown spots
Melasma
Term for hyperpigmentation. Pregnancy mask.
Nevus
a birthmark.
Stain
Brown or wine-colored discoloration (port wine stain - is a vascular type)
Tan
Exposure to the sun.
Albinism
The absence of melanin pigment in the body. Found in hair, skin and eyes.
Hypopigmentation
Lack of pigment.
Leukoderma
Light abnormal patches caused by a congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells. Vitiligo and albinism are both this.
Vitiligo
White spots or areas on the skin from a lack of pigment cells.
Hypertrophy
An abnormal growth; many are benign or harmless.
Hypertrophic
is used to describe thickening of a tissue.
Hypertrophy
is used to describe wasting away.
Keratoma
An acquired, thickened patch of epidermis. Callus or a corn.
Keratoses
An abnormally thick buildup of cells.
HyperKeratosis
Thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells, keratinocytes.
Actinic Keratosis
pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough are a result of sun damage and should be checked by a dermatologist.
Mole
Brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black.
Skin Tag
Small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps.
Verruca
a wart.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Is the most common and least server type of carcinoma. Can be easily removed. Often appears as light, pearly nodules.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
is a more serious condition than basal cell Carcinoma. Red, pink scaly papules or nodules. Sometimes open sores or crusty areas that do not heal and may bleed easily. Found in all parts of the body.
Malignant Melanoma
is the most serious form of skin cancer. Black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged or raised. It can be tan and even uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.
Bacterial Conjunctivitis
Pinkeye - very contagious.
Herpes Simplex 1
Fever blisters or cold sores; recurring viral infection.
Herpes Simplex 2
Genital herpes. Never work on a client when they have this symptom.
Herpes Zoster
Shingles, a painful skin condition from chickenpox characterized by group of blisters that form a rash.
Impetigo
Bacteria infection of the skin that often occurs in children; characterized by clusters of small blisters or crusty lesions filled with bacteria. It's extremely contagious.
Tinea
Fungal infection.
Tinea Pedis
Athlete's foot.
Tinea corporis
Ringworm
Tinea vericolor
pityriasis versicolor. A fungal infection that inhibits melanin production.
Verruca
Warts.
Retention hyperkeratosis
is a hereditary factor in which dead skin cells do not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin. Excessive sebum production can overtax the sebaceous follicles and cause further cell buildup. Sebum mixed with cells in the follicles become comedones.
Ostium
Term for opening of the follicle.
Sebaceous filaments
Similar to open comedones, are mainly solidified impaction of oil without the cell matter. Also are block the follicle and can cause an acne breakout. Often found in the nose.
Anaerobic
Bacteria that cannot live without the presence of oxygen is called.
Propionbacteria proliferation
When follicles are blocked with sebum and dead skin buildup, oxygen cannot reach the bottom of the follicle.
Androgens
Male hormones - stimulate sebaceous glands.
Grade 1 Acne
Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed comedones, and a few papules
Grade 2 Acne
Many closed comedones, more open comedones, and occasional papules and pustules
Grade 3 Acne
Red and inflamed, many comedones, papules and pustules.
Grade 4 Acne
Cystic Acne. Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules, and inflammation are present. Scar formation from tissue damage is common.