Milady - Chapter 10

102 terms by Stirado

Create a new folder

Like this study set?

Create a free Quizlet account to save it and study later.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


is the branch of medical science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders and diseases.


Are skin doctors


are structural changes in the tissue caused by damage or injury. Any mark, symptom, or abnormality is described as a_____.


How many types of lesions are there?

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary

Name the three types of lesions.

Primary lesions

are lesions in the early stages of development or change. Are characterized by flat, non-palpable changes in skin color - such as macules - or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity, such as vesicles or pustules.


Large Blister.


Sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin.




Tumors - (smaller) caused by fatty deposits, or infections.


Elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may develop into a pustule.


An inflamed papule with a white or yellow center, containing pus, a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria and other debris produced from an infection.


Rounded solid lump.


A large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication, varying in size, shape and color.


Small blister - Poison ivy/oak.


An itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy. Also known as hives and mosquito bites.


Medical term for Hive (caused by the exposure to allergens).

Secondary Lesion

Develops in later stages of disease.


Dead cell formed (Scab).


A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.

Acne Excoriee

A disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration.


Crack in the skin - Chapped lips or hands.


A thick scar resulting from excess growth of fibrous tissue (collagen). Genetically predisposed.


Flaky skin cells - Dandruff or psoriasis.


An open lesion on the skin's mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth.


A chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands.

Acne Simplex/Acne Vulgaris

Two other names for acne.

Propionibacterium Acne (p. acnes)

Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions.


Dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency can be due to aging, body disorders, alkalies of harsh soaps, or cold.


Non-inflamed buildup of cells, sebum, and other debris inside follicles.


Open comedones known as Blackheads.


Boils - subcutaneous abscess filled wih ps.


Group of boils


Whiteheads, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin with no visible opening.

Sebaceous hyperplasia

Benign lesions frequently seen in the oilier areas of the face. Over-growths of the sebaceous glands appear similar to open comedones - doughnut shaped.


Severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands.

Seborrheic dermatitis

A skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness.


A sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum - Also called wen.


A deficiency in perspiration due to the failure of the sweat glands.


Foul-smelling perspiration, caused by bacteria or yeast.


Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics or body weakness.

Miliaria Rubra

Prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands. Red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excess heat exposure

Atopic dermatitis

Rash - caused by allergies.

Contact dermatitis

An inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with a substance or chemical.


Inflammatory condition of the skin.


An inflammatory, painful, itching disease of the skin. Dry or moist lesions

Seborrheic dermatitis

mainly affects oily areas. Avoid contact and skin care treatments if a client has eczema.


Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from response.


Redness caused by inflammation.


Hair grows under the surface, instead of growing up and out of the follicle, causing a bacterial infection.


Razor bumps without the pus or infection are called


Medical term for itching.


A skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white silver scales. Is not contagious, but can spread by irritating the affected area.


Inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases the formation of papules and pustules. Chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. Vasodilation of the blood vessels makes it worse.


Vascular lesions - capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger or distended blood vessels. commonly called Couperose skin.


An allergic reaction by the body's histamine productions: AKA: Hives.


How many types does pigmentation disorders have?


Name the two types of pigmentation?


Increase pigmentation; liver spots.


An overproduction of pigment - sun exposure, acne medications, and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation from skin damage.

Lentigo (Lentigenes - multiple)

is one freckle. small yellow-brown spots


Term for hyperpigmentation. Pregnancy mask.


a birthmark.


Brown or wine-colored discoloration (port wine stain - is a vascular type)


Exposure to the sun.


The absence of melanin pigment in the body. Found in hair, skin and eyes.


Lack of pigment.


Light abnormal patches caused by a congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells. Vitiligo and albinism are both this.


White spots or areas on the skin from a lack of pigment cells.


An abnormal growth; many are benign or harmless.


is used to describe thickening of a tissue.


is used to describe wasting away.


An acquired, thickened patch of epidermis. Callus or a corn.


An abnormally thick buildup of cells.


Thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells, keratinocytes.

Actinic Keratosis

pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough are a result of sun damage and should be checked by a dermatologist.


Brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black.

Skin Tag

Small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps.


a wart.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Is the most common and least server type of carcinoma. Can be easily removed. Often appears as light, pearly nodules.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

is a more serious condition than basal cell Carcinoma. Red, pink scaly papules or nodules. Sometimes open sores or crusty areas that do not heal and may bleed easily. Found in all parts of the body.

Malignant Melanoma

is the most serious form of skin cancer. Black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged or raised. It can be tan and even uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Pinkeye - very contagious.

Herpes Simplex 1

Fever blisters or cold sores; recurring viral infection.

Herpes Simplex 2

Genital herpes. Never work on a client when they have this symptom.

Herpes Zoster

Shingles, a painful skin condition from chickenpox characterized by group of blisters that form a rash.


Bacteria infection of the skin that often occurs in children; characterized by clusters of small blisters or crusty lesions filled with bacteria. It's extremely contagious.


Fungal infection.

Tinea Pedis

Athlete's foot.

Tinea corporis


Tinea vericolor

pityriasis versicolor. A fungal infection that inhibits melanin production.



Retention hyperkeratosis

is a hereditary factor in which dead skin cells do not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin. Excessive sebum production can overtax the sebaceous follicles and cause further cell buildup. Sebum mixed with cells in the follicles become comedones.


Term for opening of the follicle.

Sebaceous filaments

Similar to open comedones, are mainly solidified impaction of oil without the cell matter. Also are block the follicle and can cause an acne breakout. Often found in the nose.


Bacteria that cannot live without the presence of oxygen is called.

Propionbacteria proliferation

When follicles are blocked with sebum and dead skin buildup, oxygen cannot reach the bottom of the follicle.


Male hormones - stimulate sebaceous glands.

Grade 1 Acne

Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed comedones, and a few papules

Grade 2 Acne

Many closed comedones, more open comedones, and occasional papules and pustules

Grade 3 Acne

Red and inflamed, many comedones, papules and pustules.

Grade 4 Acne

Cystic Acne. Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules, and inflammation are present. Scar formation from tissue damage is common.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set