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20 terms

Major Human Endocrine Glands and Some of Their Hormones

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Oxytocin
Peptide, secreted from posterior pituitary gland (releases neurohormones made in hypothalamus), stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells, regulated by nervous system
Antidiuretic hormone
Peptide, secreted from posterior pituitary gland (releases neurohormones made in hypothalamus), promotes retention of water by kidneys, regulated by water/salt balance
Growth hormone
Protein, secreted from anterior pituitary gland, stimulates growth (especially bones) and metabolic functions, regulated by hypothalamic hormones
Prolactin
Protein, secreted from anterior pituitary gland, stimulates milk production and secretion, regulated by hypothalamic hormones
Follicle-stimulating hormone
Glycoprotein, secreted from anterior pituitary gland, stimulates production of ova and sperm, regulated by hypothalamic hormones
Luteinizing hormone
Glycoprotein, secreted by anterior pituitary gland, stimulates ovaries and testes, regulated by hypothalamic hormones
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
Glycoprotein, secreted by anterior pituitary gland, stimulates thyroid gland, regulated by hypothalamic hormones
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Peptide, secreted by anterior pituitary gland, stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids, regulated by hypothalamic hormones
T3 and T4
Amines, secreted by thyroid gland, stimulate and maintain metabolic processes, regulated by TSH
Calcitonin
Peptide, secreted by thyroid gland, lowers blood calcium level, regulated by calcium in blood
Parathyroid hormone
Peptide, secreted by parathyroid glands, raises blood calcium level, regulated by calcium in blood
Insulin
Protein, secreted by pancreas, lowers blood glucose level, regulated by glucose in blood
Glucagon
Protein, secreted by pancreas, raises blood glucose level, regulated by glucose in blood
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
Amines, secreted by adrenal medulla, raises blood glucose level, increases metabolic activities, constrict certain blood vessels, regulated by nervous system
Glucocorticoids
Steroids, secreted by adrenal cortex, raises blood glucose level, regulated by ACTH
Mineralcorticoids
Steroids, secreted by adrenal cortex, promotes reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys, regulated by K+ in blood/ angiotensin II
Androgens
Steroids, released by testes, support sperm formation, promote development and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics, regulated by FSH and LH
Estrogens
Steroids, released by ovaries, stimulate uterine lining growth, promote development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics, regulated by FSH and LH
Progestins
Steroids, released by ovaries, promote uterine lining growth, regulated by FSH And LH
Melatonin
Amine, released by pineal gland, involved in biological rhythms, regulated by light/dark cycles