145 terms

Humanities

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What period in history will this course primarily cover?
A. Eastern Civilization Since 1400
B. Western Civilization Before 1400
C. Eastern Civilization Before 1400
Correct Answer
D. Western Civilization Since 1400
Western Civilization since 1400
Drawing is usually done as a preliminary exercise before embarking on a more complex work.
A. Yes
B. No
C. Sometimes
C. Sometimes
In the work of Wassily Kandinsky, lines are used to suggest the language of

A.gesture
B. music
C. nature
D. dance
B. Music
Contour lines
A. are dark and heavy
B. create visual depth
C. are generally straight
D. outline form and shape
D. outline form and shap
The lines that Jackson Pollock painted

A. are vibrant and active
B. outline shapes of objects
C. are delicate and sensitive
D. create a sense of deep space
A. are vibrant and active
Robert Smithson built a sculpture that utilized
A. form
B. line
C. symbol
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
The area between shapes and masses is called
A. deep space
B. intermediate space
C. area of absence
D. negative space
D. negative space
A shape is created by
A. large blocks of color
B. a line that joins itself at each end
C. deep shadows
D. three-dimensional space
B. a line that joins itself at each end 1
The technique known as chiaroscuro is used by
A. juxtaposing objects of different sizes
B. placing one object in front of another
C. manipulating light and shadow
D. distorting an object's shape
C. manipulating light and shadow
Which of the following is NOT one of the "seven steps to thinking critically about art" outlined in the introduction to Writing About Art?
A. Describe the object, both its subject matter and how its subject matter is portrayed
B. Indulge your initial emotional response because this is the clearest form of thinking
C. Identify the artist's decisions and question why those decisions were made
D. Don't oversimplify or misrepresent the art object
...
According to Chapter One of Writing About Art, comparative essays often engage in the study of both
A. biography and interviews
B. history and mythology
C. continuity and change
D. light and shadow
C. continuity and change
Which of the following terms means a geometric division that creates a sense of symmetry and equilibrium?
A.balance
B.scale
C. unity
D. repetition
A. balance
Studying the social and historical context of a work of art is considered important when trying to understand that art. Which of the following would NOT be considered part of an artist's social and historical context?
A. an artist's race or ethnicity
B. an artist's sex or gender
C. an artist's ideology or belief system
D. an artist's age at the time an artwork was made
D. an artist's age at the time an artwork was made
With one-point perspective, parallel lines seem to
A. remain parallel
B. run off the page
C. cross
D. converge
D. converge
Objects in which part of the picture plane often appear to be closer?
A. the top
B. the bottom
C. the center
D. the sides
B. the bottom
Perspective is used to create a sense of _____ on a two-dimensional plane.
A. comparative size
B. shading
C. visual depth
D. light and shadow
C. Visual depth
Perspective is used to create a sense of _____ on a two-dimensional plane.
A. comparative size
B. shading
C. visual depth
D. light and shadow
C. visual depth
Carved pattern requires
A. no repetition
B. skill and precision
C. no depth
D. uniformity of line
B. skill and precision
Faith Ringgold uses pattern to portray
A. structured society
B. family life and culture
C. her organized lifestyle
D. patterns in nature
B. Family life and culture
The patterns in the Unicorn Tapestry could be described as
A. orderly
B. mismatched
C. foreshortened
D. less structured
D. Less structured
What are the three primary colors in light?
A. red-orange, green, blue-violet
B. blue-red, magenta, yellow
C. red, yellow, blue
D. red-orange, yellow, blue-violet
A. red-orange, green, blue-violet
In which of the following industries were the Medici family members heavily involved, resulting in great wealth and power for them?
A. the banking industry
B. the tourism industry
C. the shipping industry
D. the construction industry
A. the banking industry
How many times does the Apostle Peter appear in Masaccio's The Tribute Money?
A. one
B. two
C. three
D. four
C. Three
Which of the following does NOT describe the musical composition Nuper rosarum flores?
A it contained numerical symbolism linked to the Bible
B. it conveyed expressive emotions
C. it was an "a cappella" composition with no musical instrumentation
D. it displayed compositional innovation
C. it was "a cappela" composition with no musical instrumentation.
Which of the following is NOT one of the new technologies that Brunelleschi designed to create the dome of the Florence Cathedral?
A. he created a new kind of composite brick
B. he created cantilevered scaffolding that could rise as the dome was built
C. he created horizontal and vertical ribs to distribute the pressure of the dome
D. he made the dome hollow to decrease its weight
A. he created a new kind of composite brick
Why was Donatello's David considered a major artistic achievement of its time?
A. it was the first free-standing human figure since classical antiquity
B. Donatello invented "contrapposto" with this statue
C. it was unusually beautiful
D. Donatello created the first sculpture made of metal
A. it was first free-standing figure since classical antiquity
Which Italian term means a person who is a completely well-rounded person, accomplished in martial arts, classical languages, literature, dance, music, and the arts?
A. sprezzatura
B. magnifico
C. sfumato
D. l'uomo universale
D. l'uomo universale
Leonardo da Vinci liked to use the triangle shape in his paintings because it suggested
A. lightness
B. uncertainty
C. dynamic movement
D. stability
D. stability
Whom did Pope Julius II hire to paint his private rooms in the Vatican Palace, including a room used as a library?
A. Raphael
B. Bramante
C. Michelangelo
D. Leonardo da Vinci
A. Raphael
Which of the following is a difference between Donatello's David and Michelangelo's David?
A. one figure is fully clothed and one figure is nude
B. one figure is old and one figure is young
C. the figures represent different points of time in the same story
D. the figures represent different characters from the Bible
C. the figures represent different point of time in the same story
Which of the following statements about Michelangelo's Pieta is NOT true?
A. Mary's body is much bigger than Christ's
B. the word Pieta is usually translated as "pity"
C. Mary is portrayed as very old in this sculpture, perhaps to show her grief
You Answered
D. Christ's body is shown as idealized and beautiful
C. Mary is portrayed as very old in the sculpture
Which of the following was the symbol of the city-state of the Venitian republic?
A. an eagle
B. a ship
C. a flaming sword
D. a lion
A lion
Which of these paintings includes a dog sleeping on white sheets that symbolizes fidelity?
A. Sacred and Profane Love
B. Venus of Urbino
C. Tempest
D. Lion of Saint Mark
B. Venus of Urbino
Venetian architecture was more heavily influenced by which style of architecture than other Italian city-states?
A. Ancient Roman
B. Chinese
C. Gothic
D. French
C. Gothic
Which Renaissance composer wrote Morir non puo il mio cuore, an example of word painting where the mood of anguish is conveyed through unusually low pitch?
A. Sofonisba Anguissola
B. Maddalena Casulana
C. Niccolo Machiavelli
D. Josquin des Prez
...
Sofonisba Anguissola received encouragement and praise from which famous Renaissance artist?
A. Michelangelo
B. Leonardo da Vinci
C. Raphael
D. Donatello
A.. Michelangelo
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of the medium of oil paint, as it was experienced by Renaissance painters?
A. it allows for a continuous range of tones
B. it has significant light-enhancing qualities
C. it enables artists to blend colors easily
D. it dries faster than other types of paint
D. it dries faster than other types of paint
Hieronymus Bosch created two triptychs, both of which portrayed
A. the Seven Seals of the Apocalypse
B. the Seven Seas
C. the Seven Wonders of the World
D. the Seven Deadly Sins
D. the Seven Deadly Sins
For which of the following was the Isenheim Altarpiece commissioned during the Renaissance?
A. an abbey's hospital
B. a city's council hall
C. a private residence
D. a bishop's office
A. an abbey's hospital
What kind of artistic process was used to create Albrecht Durer's The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse?
A. oil on canvas
B. watercolor on canvas
C. charcoal drawing
D. woodcut
D. woodcut
Which of Shakespeare's characters does the text call "the first modern person"?
A. King Lear
B. Hamlet
C. Othello
D. Juliet
B. Hamlet
In reaction to the Protestant Reformation, in 1545 the Council of Trent recommended reforms to Church practices including all of the following EXCEPT
A. building simple churches without lavish decoration
B. reforming the sale of indulgences
C. decreeing that art should be clear and realistic
D. declaring that art should stir emotions
A. building simple churches without lavish decoration
According to the textbook, which of the following probably contributed most to the spread of Martin Luther's ideas?
A. the printing press
B. three decades of peace throughout Europe
C. increasing trade with the Orient
D. Puritan ideas in the New World
A. the printing press
Which of the following doctrines did Martin Luther support, in direct conflict with the established Church of Rome?
A. salvation by works rather than by faith
B. salvation without baptism
C. salvation through the purchase of indulgences
Correct Answer
D. salvation by faith rather than by works
D. Salvation by faith rather than by works
Which of the following is NOT listed by Thomas More as one of the three specific virtues that were most esteemed in Utopia?
A. kindness
B. equality
C. charity
D. honor
D. honor
What led the Catholic Church to convene the Council of Trent in the mid-sixteenth century?
A. a desire to revitalize Rome as the center of the Christian world
B. a need to suppress mystical factions within Catholicism
C. the need to reform Church practices and quell the Reformation
D. an appeal to modify Catholic doctrines to fit the times
C. the need to reform Church practices and quell the Reformation
Who painted the Resurrection, which includes distinct Mannerist qualities and is decorous to the extent that draperies carefully conceal all inappropriate nudity?
A. Benvenuto Cellini
B. Giorgio Vasari
C. El Greco
D. Michelangelo
C. El Greco
How does Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina's Missa Papae Marcelli reflect requirements set out for art by the Council of Trent?
A. It simplifies musical form to eliminate a sense of excess.
B. It highlights the music as transcendent and otherworldly.
C. It helps the audience focus and understand the text.
D. It reveals the range and emotional quality of the human voice.
C. It help the audience focus and understand the text.
Who wrote The Way to Perfection, which describes the ascent of the soul to union with the Holy Spirit?
A. Sofonisba Anguissola
B. Teresa of Avila
C. Lavinia Fontana
D. Artemesia Gentileschi
B. Teresa of Avila
To what features did the Roman Inquisition particularly object in the work of Veronese?
A. the location of the painting in a monastery
B. the presence of buffoons, drunkards, Germans and dwarfs
C. the color scheme used
D. the subject matter of Mary and Jesus
B the presence of buffoon, drunkards, Germans and dwarfs
Which of the following is NOT true of Caravaggio's The Calling of Saint Matthew?
A. Christ's hand bridges the gap between the two groups.
B. The painting asks viewers where their focus is.
C. The left group is grounded in wordly concerns.
D. The light source is a candle on the table.
D. The light source is a candle on the table.
Which of the following items is NOT used in Bernini's program for the Cornaro Chapel that exemplified the Baroque movement?
A. sculpture presented theatrically with a concealed window
B. wall paintings exhibit masterful use of tenebrism
C. sculpture depicts Teresa of Avila swooning in ecstasy
D. split pediment reconfigures Classical architecture
B. wall painting exhibit masterful use of tenebrism.
As the author of Spiritual Exercises, who called on Jesuits to develop all of their senses?
A. Ignatius of Loyola
B. John Donne
C. Giulio Caccini
D. Pope Urban III
A. Ignatius of Loyola
Which of the following is NOT correct?
A. Recitative = the written text of an opera
B. Leitmotif = theme music for a specific character or element
C. Aria = opera solo or duet, big song moment
D. Florentine Camerata = group that accidentally invented opera
A. Recitative = the written text of an opera
How does Vivaldi represent thunder in his musical composition The Four Seasons?
A. The ritornello is played in a minor key.
B. Cymbals are added when the thunder appears.
C. Drums interrupt the melody.
D. Low tones contrast with the higher tones of the violins.
D. Low tones contrast with the higher tones of violins.
One way that Johann Sebastian Bach's church music is typically Baroque is his addition of _________ to simple Lutheran chorales.
A. melody
B. counterpoint
C. harmony
D. solo voices
B. counterpoint
Dutch still life paintings convey spiritual meaning through their use of
A. detailed depictions of nature.
B. references to economic prosperity.
C. simplicity and restraint.
D. memento mori.
D. memento mori
Engraving was commonly used to illustrate books, replacing ______ because of the fine detail that the process can achieve.
A. woodcut
B. drypoint
C. etching
D. intaglio
A. woodcut
The irony of Rembrandt van Rijn's The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp is that the light shines most brightly on
A. the corpse.
B. a student.
C. Dr. Tulp's hands.
D. Dr. Tulp's face.
A. the corpse
Dutch artist Jan Vermeer is known best as a painter of what subject matter?
A. still lifes
B. landscapes
C. genre scenes
D. group portraits
C. genre scenes
Which term describes artists who worked in a classically restrained style?
A. Mannerist
B. Poussiniste
C. Rubeniste
D. Carvaggisti
B. Poussiniste
What group in England proved the greatest threat to the divine right of kings?
A. Aristocrats
B. Catholic clergy
C. Puritans
D. Dutch
C. Puritans
What sort of artist was Peter Paul Rubens?
A. a French artist favored by Louis XIV for his portraits
B. a Flemish artist known primarily for his depictions of the ballet
C. a Flemish artist whose paintings often celebrate the sensuality of the flesh
D. a French artist known for his many landscape paintings
C. a Flemish artist whose paintings often celebrate the sensuality of the flesh.
Which of the following is NOT true about Swan Lake?
A. The prince successfully frees Odette from the curse that makes her a swan by day.
B. The lovers end their journey by jumping off a cliff to their deaths.
C. The ballet's music was composed by Tchaikovsky around 1875.
D. Von Rothbart tricks the prince by making his own daughter resemble Odette.
A. The prince successfully frees Odette from the curse that makes her swan by day.
Which monarch did Diego Velázquez serve as court painter?
A. William of Orange in the Netherlands
B. Philip IV of Spain
C. Louis XIV of France
D. Charles I of England
B. Philip IV of Spain
Which of the following is NOT included among the improvements specifically mentioned as resulting from the Great Fire of London in 1666?
A. Streets had to be at least 14 feet wide.
B. New sewage systems were introduced.
C. Wood construction was largely banned in favor of brick and stone building materials.
D. Homes could have no more than three chimneys.
D. Homes could have no more than three chimneys.
"I think, therefore I am" is an example of
A. deism.
B. the empirical method.
C. inductive reasoning.
D. deductive reasoning
D. deductive reasoning
What is the main purpose of Galileo's letter to the Grand Duchess Christina?
A. to explain how he has allocated her monetary contributions
B. to explain how science can be reconciled with the Bible
C. to discuss his newest scientific achievement
D. to persuade her to help fund his newest project
C. to discuss his newest scientific achievement
Joseph Wright's An Experiment on a Bird in the Air-Pump employs dramatic lighting effects that often symbolized spiritual enlightenment in Baroque painting. What might light symbolize in Wright's work?

A. life's ephemeral nature
B. the presence of God
C. illumination through science
D. experiments with electricity
C. illumination through science
How is iron superior to limestone as a building material?
A. It allows for the use of multiple arches instead of single arches.
B. Its comprssive strength is much greater.
C. It can be used for buildings as well as bridges.
D. It can be more easily segmented into voussoirs.
B. Its comprssive strength is much great.
Who is the author of Leviathan, which asserts that humankind's only hope is to submit to a higher authority?
A. John Locke
B. Christopher Wren
C. Thomas Hobbes
D. John Milton
C. Thomas Hobbes
The idea that at birth the human mind is a tabula rasa can be attributed to
A. Thomas Hobbes.
B. John Milton.
C. William Hogarth.
D. John Locke.
D. John Locke
Who printed Gin Lane as a commentary on the unfortunate consequences resulting from thousands of Londoners who were addicted to gin?
A. William Hogarth
B. Christopher Wren
C. Jean-Antoine Watteau
D. Joseph Wright
A. William Hogarth
What aspect of political and moral corruption does Jonathan Swift satirize in his essay A Modest Proposal?
A. English landlords charging exorbitant rents, impoverishing Irish farming families
B. Poor Irish families considering the sale of their children for food and profit
C. Idle working-class Londoners disregarding rational behavior, giving in to drink and prostitution
D. London proprietors selling cheap gin, leading to rampant addiction and loss of productivity
A. English landlord charging exorbitant rents, improving Irish arming families.
Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice is an example of what literary form?
A. parody
B. novel
C. epic
D. satire
B. novel
Which of the following wrote an instructional version of "Beauty and the Beast" to teach its readers to be moral, intelligent, and industrious.
A. Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve
B. Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy
C. Jeanne-Marie LePrince de Beaumont
D. Charles Perrault
C. Jeane-Marie LePrince de Beaumont
Which of the following does NOT happen in Apuleius's "Cupid and Psyche"?
A. Cupid hides his appearance from his wife
B. Psyche learns she cannot bear children
C. Venus requires Psyche to accomplish impossible tasks
D. Psyche is made immortal so the couple won't be parted again
B. Psyche learns she cannot bear children
Deists believe all of the following EXCEPT
A. The universe proceeds along laws derived from nature.
B. There is no divine right of kings.
C. The Bible is the literal revealed truth of God.
D. God is not concerned with the day-to-day workings of life.
C. The bible is the literal revealed truth of God.
The term fête galante refers to paintings that depict
A. heroic battle scenes from the past.
B. landscapes painted in the Chinese style.
C. parties in a pastoral or garden setting.
D. still lifes of sumptuous meals.
C. parties in a pastoral garden setting
The Rococo style was most popular among which group in eighteenth-century France?
A. aristocracy
B. bourgeoisie
C. chinoiserie
D. philosophes
A. aristocracy
Which of the following Chinese items was not mentioned in the textbook as being admired by Europeans during the chinoiserie craze of the eighteenth century?
A. lacquer-ware
B. family structures
C. government
D. pagodas
B. family structures
According to the article "Easter's End," which of the following did NOT contribute to the downfall of Easter Island?
A. destruction of forests
B. extinction of animals
C escalating displays of statues
D. wars with neighboring clans
D. war with neighboring clans
The great jade carving in the Palace Museum in Beijing celebrates what traditional Chinese values?
A. irrigation of dry land and cultivation of tea
B. pottery-making and scroll painting
C. military training and physical exercise
D. unity of purpose and hard work
D. unity of purpose and hard work
With which of the following is tattooing most closely associated in its sacred and ritual traditions?
A. Tahitians
B. Maori
C. Marquesas Islanders
D. Easter Islanders
B. Maori
Which of the following praised the Chinese emperors for using government to protect civilization, creating a social stability built upon Confucian principles of respect and service?
A. François Boucher
B. Samuel Johnson
C. Voltaire
D. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
C. Voltaire
What distinguishes the American Declaration of Independence from the earlier ideas promoted by Enlightenment philosopher John Locke?
A. The insistence that self-government is essential to human fulfillment.
B. The belief that all men are created equal.
C. The establishment of a two-house governing body.
D. The idea that a government should implement a social contract with the people.
A. The insistence that self-government is essential to human fulfillment.
What was a shared feature of both the French and American revolutions?
A. Dissatisfaction among the upper classes motivated rebellion.
B. Classical antiquity was the model for a new society.
C. Women's emancipation was a key issue.
D. They were revolts against absolutism.
B. Classical antiquity was the model for a new society.
Paul Revere's print The Bloody Massacre might best be described as
A. a visual argument against the institution of slavery.
B. straightforward reporting of facts.
C. revolutionary propaganda.
D. a reluctant visual argument in favor of monarchy.
C. revolutionary propaganda
Who argued for a "Republic of Virtue," which was a dictatorship led by a 12-person Committee for Public Safety (and, of course, was one of the members)?
A. Louis Capet
B. Georges-Jacques Danton
C. Maximilien Robespierre
D. Jean-Paul Marat
C. Maximilien Robespierre
Prior to the French Revolution, what was the Third Estate?
A. the king's Paris residence
B. the French nobility
C. the clergy
D. the bourgeoisie and peasant classes
D. the bourgeoisie and peasant classes
What is the focus of Olaudah Equiano's best-selling autobiography?
A. his experiences in the fleet of Admiral Nelson
B. his abolitionist speeches at the Constitutional Convention
C. conditions on board a transatlantic slave ship
D. the life of a planter in Suriname
C. Conditions on board a transatlantic slave ship
What is the subject matter of the pediment frieze of La Madeleine?
A. Resurrection
B. Crucifixion
C. Last Judgment
D. Second Coming
C. Last Judgment
What does the notion of laissez-faire economics propose?
A. People should contribute their individual wealth to the collective society.
B. People should be free to do whatever they might to enrich themselves.
C. Government should establish clear rules about economic practice and commercial trade.
D. Slavery is morally despicable but economically sound.
B. People should be free to do whatever they might to enrich themselves.
Jacques-Louis David illustrates Brutus' division from his family by his
A. hand gesture.
B. empty chair at the table.
C. wife and daughters, who direct spiteful gestures at him.
D. spotlighting, which appears from a different direction.
B. empty chair at the table
What political ideal is promoted by David's Oath of the Horatii?
A. loyal devotion to the monarch
B. the legitimacy of revolution
C. rights of the individual
D. loyal devotion to the state
D. loyal devotion to the state.
In Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust, what is the root of the hero's suffering?
A. his vast wealth
B. his freedom
C. his profound boredom
D. his mental illness
C. his profound boredom
What is the overall statement made by Goya's The Third of May, 1808?
A. victory in Christ
B. triumph of French
C. horror of war
D. rebirth of summer
C. horror of war
What concept, discussed by philosopher Edmund Burke, describes a sense of something that exists beyond our ability to comprehend?
A. the beautiful
B. the sublime
C. the romantic
D. the picturesque
B. the sublime
What is the overall statement of Turner's The Slave Ship?
A. teamwork
B. economics
C. anti-slavery
D. pro-slavery
C. anti-slavery
Which of the following is NOT something that interests Wordsworth in his poem "Tintern Abbey?"
A. sister
B. memory
C. nature
D. mythology
D. mythology
Which of Frédéric Chopin's compositions were known as "studies" which addressed particular technical challenges on the piano?
A. ballades
B. nocturnes
C. études
D. polonaises
C. etudes
Which of the following was NOT part of Gericault's research when preparing to paint The Raft of the Medusa?
A. interviewing survivors
B. visiting the morgue
C. replicating the raft
D. journeying at sea
D. Journey at sea
Which of the following is the reason for the strong percussive stroke in Haydn's "Surprise" Symphony?
A. Develop the folk rhythms of the piece
B. Accentuate the downbeat
C. Wake the sleeping audience
D. Finish on a dramatic note
C. Wake the sleeping audience
What contributed to the popularity of German lieder in the early nineteenth century?
A. More people could afford pianos for their homes.
B. The era was politically stable.
C. Composers began rejecting the symphonic music of the Classical period.
D. Romantic poetry was being developed.
A. More people could afford pianos for their homes.
Which of the following helped develop a lasting tradition of German opera?
A. Hector Berlioz
B. Joseph Haydn
C. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
D. Ludwig van Beethoven
C. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The attention to naturalistic detail and monumental treatment of common people in this painting help identify it as an example of which 19th-century style?
Courbet burial at ornans
A. Realism
B. Romanticism
C. Impressionism
D. Neoclassicism
A. Realism
Which 19th-century writer issued a "scathing indictment of industrial life" by publishing Conditions of the Working Class in England?
A. Charles Dickens
B. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
C. Friedrich Engels
D Karl Marx
C. Friedrich Engels
Who is the author of Das Kapital?
A. Charles Dickens
B. Karl Marx
C. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
D. Friedrich Engels
B. Karl Marx
Which of the following was the 19th-century painter Eugene Delacroix NOT known for?
A. a love of mythological elements
B. an interest in representing the lives of common people
C. loose, highly visible brushwork
D. strong emotional content through color
B. an interest in representing the lives of common people
Which of the following does NOT describe Realist art of the 19th century?
A. it is interested in classical mythology and Biblical narratives
B. it is a reaction against Romanticism
C. its painters wanted to depict what they could see with their own eyes
D. it is focused on everyday scenes of common folk
A. it is an interested in classical mythology and Biblical narratives
Contemporary viewers of Edouard Manet's Olympia would have recognized the figure on the bed to be
A.a slave girl
B. a working-class prostitute
C. a courtesan of a wealthy aristocrat
D. an odalisque
B. a working-class prostitute.
Calls for freedom from the leading female singers in Giuseppi Verdi's operas were understood as a symbol for
A. sexual liberation
B. women's rights
C.Italian unification
D. spiritual enlightenm
C. Italian unification
Where would you expect to find a leitmotif?
A. in an art museum
B. in a ballet
C. in an opera
D. in a landscape painting
C. in an opera
Which of the following was NOT one of the goals of Haussmannization of Paris ordered by Emperor Napoleon III?
A. to transform public parks into residential housing for the poor
B. to tear down all the old, medieval buildings
C. to keep the poor and working class from being able to blockade the narrow streets
D. to create a more modern, cosmopolitan city
A. to transform public parks into residential housing for the poor.
Why did most 19th-century French painters want to get their work accepted by the Paris Salon for display in the annual Salon show?
A. they needed the approval and publicity given to accepted artists to help launch and sustain their careers
B. they wanted the prize money granted to artists accepted into the show
C. they saw it as a chance to challenge the current political system
D. they cared more about social status and acceptance than about artistic integrity
A. they needed the approval and publicity given to accepted artist to help launch and sustain their careers.
The term en plein air refers to what artistic process?
A. depicting scenes of urban life
B. using paint in tubes
C. painting out of doors
D applying visible dabs of paint
C. painting out of door
The term "Impressionism" derives from a painting by which artist?
A. Berthe Morisot
B. Edgar Degas
C. Pierre Auguste Renoir
D. Claude Monet
D. Claude Monet
Renior's painting, Moulin de la Galette, portrays the daily life of
A. the intellectual elites of France
B. a cross section of Parisian social classes
C. wealthy Parisian elites
D. factory workers
B. a cross section of Parisian social classes
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Impressionist painting?
A. emphasis on accurately portraying light
B. emphasis on portraying a moment in time
C. small, visible brushstrokes
D. painting historically significant events
D. painting historically significant events
Which of the following is the primary concern of 19th-century Impressionist painters?
A. agitating for political change
B. calling attention to urban overcrowding
C. evoking psychological introspection from the viewer
D. capturing the changing effects of color and light
D. capturing the changing effects of color and light
Which 19th-century American author summarized his experiences in nature in the book Walden, or Life in the Woods?
A. Henry David Thoreau
B. Ralph Waldo Emerson
C. Walt Whitman
D. Emily Dickinson
A. Henry David Thoreau
Which 19th-century American author wrote Leaves of Grass, a book-length collection of poetry that the author revised and added to for over 35 years?
A. Walt Whitman
B. Ralph Waldo Emerson
C. Henry David Thoreau
D. Emily Dickinson
A. Walt Whitman
Which of the following is NOT a typical stylistic marker of the Chicago School "tall building?"
A. the use of domes
B. the use of elevators
C. a regular grid design
D. lots of glass and metal
A. the use of domes.
The 19th-century American belief that the United States was destined to gain control over the land base from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific Coast was known as
A. Manifest Destiny
B. Divine Ordination
C. Great Manifestation
D. Great Migration
A. Manifest Destiny
What major Egyptian commodity was considered a threat to Great Britain's 19th-century economic dominance because of its superior quality?
A. cotton
B. oil
C. coffee
D. tea
A. cotton
What is the dominant feature of Paul Cézanne's painting Still Life with Plaster Cast?
A. symbolism charged with feelings
B. multiple perspectives in a single painting
C. fleeting qualities of sensory experience
D. gradual shift from light to dark colors
B. multiple perspectives in a single painting.
Where did Paul Gauguin move in order to escape the traditions and responsibilities of Western Europe?
A. New York
B. Africa
C. Japan
D. Tahiti
D. Tahiti
Where was the first moving picture developed?
A. Britain
B. Holland
C. France
D. Belgium
C. France
Some clues that Georges Seurat painted A Sunday on La Grande Jatte in his studio based upon preparatory drawings done on different previous occasions include
A. women wearing dresses that were fashionable in several different years.
B. trees with varying colors of foliage, some of which are in fruit.
C. the factory in the background, which was not built when Seurat first began the painting.
D. boats with sails billowing from wind in opposite directions.
D. boats with sails billowing from wind in opposite directions
Vincent van Gogh uses this form to set up a parallel between the church and nature in The Starry Night.
A. hills
B. moon
C. sky
D. cypress tree
D. cypress tree
What was the primary artistic interest among German Expressionist painters of Der Blau Reiter?
A. the structural use of color
B. the scientific application of color
C. the emotional impact of color
D. the visual perception of color
D. the visual perception of color
What element of modern life provided the key inspiration for the Futurist movement?
A. economic prosperity
B. anarchy and political uncertainty
C. speed and technology
D. the popular media
C. speed and technology
Who is the subject of the book The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas?
A. André Breton
B. Alice B. Toklas
C. Pablo Picasso
D. Gertrude Stein
D. Gertrude Stein
Influences for the female figures in Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon include all of the following EXCEPT
A. Ancient Egyptian art.
B. Chinese art.
C. African masks.
D. Greek sculpture.
B. Chinese art
As a parallel to Igor Stravinsky's rhythmic polytonal score for The Rite of Spring, Vaslav Nijinsky's radical choreography for the Ballet Russe had the dancers
A. perform athletic leaps characterized by their effortless appearance and smooth transitions.
B. assume still, contorted angular poses and move violently in sudden, explosive leaps.
C. walk in straight lines back and forth across the stage for the duration of the dance.
D. enact graceful, elegant movements dancing en pointe (on their toes in boxed shoes).
B. assume still, contorted angular poses and move violently in sudden, explosive leaps.
Which artwork was voted "the most influential artwork of the 20th century" by a group of 500 artists and art historians?
A. Duchamp's Fountain
B. Picasso's Guernica
C. Picasso's Girl Before a Mirror
D. Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase
A. Duchamp's Fountain
Blues music usually follows which compositional pattern?
A. AABA
B. ABBA
C. AAB
D ABA
C. AAB
What classical reference in Wilfred Owen's Dulce et Decorum Est is used to highlight the difference between a traditional, heroic, honorable discussion of war and the horror and chaos that Owen describes from personal experience in the trench warfare of World War I?
A. his poetic structure mirrors a classical epic poem
B. his main character is named Odysseus
C. he quotes the Roman poet Horace
D. he quotes from Homer's Iliad
C. he quotes the Roman poet Horace
The person widely considered to be the founder of modern dance is
A. Isadora Duncan
B. Martha Graham
C. Ruth St. Denis
D. Ted Shawn
A. Isadora Duncan
Which of the following was a trumpeter that formed two studio bands, The Hot Five and The Hot Seven, and recorded Hotter Than That, which features "scat"?
A. Louis Armstrong
B. Duke Ellington
C. Bessie Smith
D. Zora Neale Hurston
A. Louis Armstrong
Which of the following people posited theories of the "id," the "ego," and the "superego" in their writings?
A. Karl Marx
B. Carl Jung
C. Andre Breton
D. Sigmund Freud
D. Sigmund Freud
Which of the following artist was formally expelled from the Surrealist movement?
A. Joan Miro
B. Andre Breton
C. Salvador Dali
D. Max Ernst
D. Max Ernst
In Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin, all of the following features of the film were innovations in cinema EXCEPT
A. speeding up some sequences
B. the high level of violence
C. close-up shots of faces interspersed with action sequences
D. spoken dialog
D. spoken dialog
What did the Surrealists have in common with the Dadaists?
A. an interest in psychology
B. a love of classical antiquity
C. a love of surprise and shock
D. an interest in opposing war
C. a love of surprise and shock
Which of the following statements about Biomorphic Surrealism is NOT true?
A. they were interested in abstracted, nonrealistic-looking objects
B. they were interested in using dark, ominous colors to suggest mystery
C. they were interested in tapping into the unconscious
D. they were interested in organic, curvilinear shapes
B. they were interested in using, ominous colors to suggest mystery