The collective unconscious contains this, or primitive images, which reflect the history of our species, including vague, mysterious, mythical images like the all-powerful God; the fertile and nurturing mother; the young hero, etc. They remain in the unconscious, but in Carl Jung's view, they influence our thoughts, dreams, and emotions and render us responsive to cultural themes in stories and films Believed troubling events do not lead to anxiety, depression, or disturbed behavior. Rather, it's our irrational beliefs we hold about unfortunate experiences, which foster negative emotions and maladaptive behavior. ABC approach: activating event, mediated by beliefs, and consequences; A: lost my job, B: "I have no money or means of support!", C: emotional distress. These feelings are normal, but irrational beliefs can lead people to catastrophize their disappointments, leading to distress and depression. It's irrational to assume that one must have others' approval to survive. Childhood experiences can also contribute to irrational beliefs, but the beliefs here and now are what continue to make people miserable Group of tests studying sensory function, attention, concentration, memory (ST, LT, working, visual, auditory, tactile), executive functioning, visuo-spatial, and processing speed
-Halsted-Reitan: studied brain-behavior relationships among organically impaired individuals. Tests measure perceptual, intellectual, motor skills & performance.
You choose what tests to give vs. giving all the tests in a battery. Studies sensory function, attention, concentration, memory (ST, LT, working, visual, auditory, tactile), executive functioning, visuo-spatial, and processing speed. Characterized by repeated, unexpected panic attacks (>1). They're intense anxiety reactions accompanied by physical symptoms such as a pounding heart, rapid respiration, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, heavy perspiration, weakness or dizziness, nausea, GI distress, derealization or depersonalization, fear of losing control or dying (must show 4 or more of these symptoms to diagnose!). There's a stronger bodily component (physical) to panic attacks vs. other forms of anxiety. They begin suddenly w/o warning or triggering event. Can last 10-15 mins, maybe longer. After the first attack (which happens unexpectedly), they become associated w/ certain cues over time, i.e., boarding a plane. There's persistent concern or worry about additional attacks/consequences, significant maladaptive change in behavior: dread going out, avoidant behaviors, suicidal. Course: variable Excessive anxiety and worry that's not limited to any one object, situation, or activity. Anxiety can be an adaptive response, but this disorder becomes excessive, becomes difficult to control, and is accompanied by physical symptoms such as restlessness, on edge, easily fatigued, sleep problems, irritability, concentration difficulty, and muscle tension (must show 3 or more of symptoms). Central feature: excessive anxiety and worry, more days than not for at least 6 months, difficult to control worry. Can be chronic if not treated right away. Rates of full remission are low