Classical Era Music
Terms in this set (29)
Theme & Variations
Begins with simple melody or theme which is then developed or changed (melody, harmony, rhythm, texture)
Minuet & Trio
ABA form in 3/4 meter with contrast in tonality, theme, and mood between A and B sections
Recurring section separated by new and/or different sections ABACABA for example
Consists of three sections: Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation.
Brings back the themes found at the beginning of the piece.
Introduces the main themes for the first time.
Themes from beginning of the piece are changed and varied in different ways.
Austrian composer who wrote the greatest operas and other works of the Classical Era.
Austrian composer credited with creating many of the principle characteristics of the Classical Era. Immense influence on later composers.
German composer known for his instrumental works in both the Classical and Romantic Eras.
Composer of Einekleine Nachtmusic, 12 Variations of Twinkle Twinkle, and Don Giovanni.
Composer of The Farewell Symphony, The Joke Symphony, and the Sun String Quartets.
Composer of the Hero Symphony, the Emperor Piano Concerto, and the Coriolan Overture.
Music for its own sake, and thus the opposite of programmatic music. Programmatic music is associated with a specific outside musical narrative such as a poem or picture.
First part of a musical phrase
Latter part of a musical phrase
Accompaniment pattern based on broken chords and usually utilizing 1, 3, 5 of the chord, sometimes 7.
Improvised solo passage. Most often found in concertos.
Sometimes known as a "round" with strict imitation of the theme in the same key.
Music for small ensemble of 2-10 (or more) performers with each performer having his or her own part.
Genre of classical era written for two instruments e.g. piano and violin. Mozart and Beethoven treated the instruments as equal instead of piano as accompaniment.
Repetition of a melody or melodic fragment in other voices. The repetition may include variation from the original statement.
Act or process of changing from one key to another. In a score, they can be seen through the use of accidentals or a changed key signature.
Instrumental piece heard at the beginning of the opera to familiarize the audience with melodies to be heard in the opera.
A long note or notes often heard on the tonic or dominant and usually occurring in the bass.
Rhythmically free vocal style that imitates the natural inflections of speech and used for dialogue and narrative in operas and oratorios.
Rocket Theme (Mannheim Rocket)
Classical instrumental melody that quickly ascends to its highest note.
Compositional device that uses a refrain which returns and repeats throughout a piece.
Sequence (Melodic Sequence)
Immediate repetition of a melody at a higher or lower pitch. Relationship of intervals in a sequence stay intact.