42 terms

AP Literature Figurative Language

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Connotation
An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
Parable
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson
Allegory
A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
Metaphor
A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.
Analogy
A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
Rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words
Repetition
The use of a line, phrase or group of words more than once
Meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Antithesis
Direct opposite
Personification
The giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
Simile
A comparison using "like" or "as"
Motif
A recurring theme, subject or idea
Gothic
Of or relating to the mysterious, grotesque, and desolate style of fiction
Romantic
A movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason, focused on the appeal of nature, and the individual.
Foreshadowing
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
Climax
The most intense, exciting, or important point of something; a culmination or apex.
Character Development
The process by which a character is introduced, advanced, and possibly transformed in a story.
Indirect Characterization
The process by which the personality of a fictitious character is revealed through the character's speech, actions, appearance, etc.
Direct Characterization
The author directly states a character's traits
Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa
Consonance
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.
Parallelism
Phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
Onomatopeia
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning.
Theme
Central idea of a work of literature
Rhythm
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Iambic Pentameter
A line of poetry that contains five iambic feet.
Selection of Details
The specific events or details an author chooses for a story
Order of Details
The specific order in which an author chooses to release details in a story
Verbal Irony
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
Dramatic Irony
When a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
Situational Irony
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
Foil
A character who acts as a contrast to another character
Pun
A play on words
Rhetorical Question
A question asked merely for effect with no answer expected.
Conflict
A struggle between opposing forces
(Man v. Man, Man v. Self, Man v. Nature)
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Epigraph
A quotation or aphorism at the beginning of a literary work suggestive of the theme.
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