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33 terms

Quiz 10

STUDY
PLAY
False
Kant believed that we learn virtue best from positive role models.
True
Bernard Mayo believes that a virtuous person usually does the right thing, but someone who follows moral rules of conduct may not always be a virtuous person.
Sartre's theory that life is absurd, since there is no God
The theory of Friedrich Nietzsche that God is dead provides an early inspiration for which philosophy?
True
Sartre's example of the young woman on a date is an example of Bad Faith.
False
Søren Kierkegaard's father believed there was a curse on the family because he, as a child, had stepped on a loaf of bread to get across a mud puddle.
False
For Sartre all your choices count equally, even those you intended to make but never carried out.
There is no objective truth about life, only a personal truth for each individual.
For Kierkegaard the phrase "subjectivity is truth" means the following:
False
During the 1990s, Republican politicians showed an interest in the issue of social policies, whereas Democratic politicians focused on the issue of moral character.
NOT: The Other is different from me, and psychologically less to me, because we are all selfish by nature. To control my selfish nature I must take him or her on as a moral responsibility.
What does Levinas mean by saying that the alterity of the Other makes him or her my responsibility?
False
In his interview, Levinas makes it clear that ethics extends to all creatures with eyes that can look into yours, because anyone with a face becomes an Other.
NOT: Since nothing has value, the life of the individual is worthless and human rights are nonexistent.

There is no free will, since all of reality is a matter of material causes and effects.
For Sartre, the belief that there is no God, and life is absurd, leads to the following conclusion:
False
For Levinas, it is essential that we acknowledge that the Other and I are equal.
False
Foot claims that someone who is able to overcome his or her bad inclinations is a morally better person than someone who doesn't have bad inclinations.
Christina Hoff Sommers
Who speaks the following words? "It is wrong to mistreat a child, to humiliate someone, to torment an animal. To think only of yourself, to steal, to break promises."
True
Bernard Mayo believes that a virtuous person usually does the right thing, but someone who follows moral rules of conduct may not always be a virtuous person.
False
Virtue ethics believes that a negative role model cannot teach us anything about virtues; only a positive role model can.
False
Sommers believes that, in the end, moral problems such as pollution, the homeless, or the loneliness of elderly people must be solved by the state and not the individual.
False
The drama No Exit features three people on Death Row awaiting their execution.
Sartre's theory that life is absurd, since there is no God
The theory of Friedrich Nietzsche that God is dead provides an early inspiration for which philosophy?
False
For Erik Erikson a person with ego integrity is one who has never experienced an identity crisis.
True
Nietzsche claims that God is dead.
False
The character of Judge William is Kierkegaard's symbol of a person who is locked in the aesthetic stage.
trying to avoid making a choice by pretending that you have no choice
What does Sartre mean by "Bad Faith"?
False
For Nietzsche a new moral value system must be advocated; one which respects the weaker individual and sets limits on the powers of the masters.
True
Kant insisted that trying to learn virtue from role models does not lead to virtue, but to jealousy and resentment.
NOT: the ethical stage
Kierkegaard theorizes that there are three stages to the development of one's character. Which of the following is not one of the stages?
True
Within the Lutheran tradition there is no confession and no absolution of sins by clergy.
False
For Nietzsche a new moral value system must be advocated; one which respects the weaker individual and sets limits on the powers of the masters.
True
In No Exit, Sartre claims that "Hell is other people."
NOT: social atomism.
Alasdair MacIntyre claims that virtue is linked to
True
Levinas has been criticized by feminists because he identifies the Other with woman.
True
Sommers wants to teach students that values are not merely a matter of taste.
True
Heidegger thinks humans feel anguish when they realize that all their concerns and rules are relative.