Terms in this set (15)
repetition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence.
is a short, informal reference to a famous person or event
compares two things, which are alike in several respects, for the purpose of explaining or clarifying some unfamiliar or difficult idea or object by showing how the idea or object is similar to some familiar one.
establishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure. Antithesis can convey some sense of complexity in a person or idea by admitting opposite or nearly opposite truths. useful for making relatively fine distinctions or for clarifying differences which might be otherwise overlooked by a careless thinker or casual reader:
arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of ascending power. Often the last emphatic word in one phrase or clause is repeated as the first emphatic word of the next.
detailing parts, causes, effects, or consequences to make a point more forcibly:
exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect.
consists of raising one or more questions and then proceeding to answer them, usually at some length. A common usage is to ask the question at the beginning of a paragraph and then use that paragraph to answer it:
compares two different things by speaking of one in terms of the other. Unlike a simile or analogy, metaphor asserts that one thing is another thing, not just that one is like another. Very frequently a metaphor is invoked by the to be verb:
is recurrent syntactical similarity. Several parts of a sentence or several sentences are expressed similarly to show that the ideas in the parts or sentences are equal in importance. Parallelism also adds balance and rhythm and, most importantly, clarity to the sentence.
by anticipating an objection and answering it, permits an argument to continue moving forward while taking into account points or reasons opposing either the train of thought or its final conclusions.
differs from hypophora in that it is not answered by the writer, because its answer is obvious or obviously desired, and usually just a yes or no. It is used for effect, emphasis, or provocation, or for drawing a conclusionary statement from the facts at hand
an explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'. More artistic for emphasis.
deliberately expresses an idea as less important than it actually is, either for ironic emphasis or for politeness and tact.
What is Rhetoric?
The ability to use language effectively, especially to persuade or influence people.