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Chapter 2 AP Human Geography Vocab
Terms in this set (38)
The scientific study of population characteristics.
The number of people in an area that exceeds the capacity of environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate munus the crude death rate.
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of increase.
The death of large numbers.
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her child-bearing years.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for ever 1,000 live births in a society.
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given the current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Medical technology in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.
Zero Population Growth (ZPG)
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase is zero.
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
The number of males per 100 females in the population.
A view that suggests not only food is running out but resources as well.
A point of view that states the amount of food is not fixed; we can grow more.
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
The porportion of individuals of different ages within a population.
The largest number of people that the environment of a particular are can support.
A population that is distinguished by a certain characteristics.
Tendency for a population to continue growing after a fertlity decline because of the young age distribution.
Diffusion of fertility control
Shows how many children a mother is having throughout the world.
How dieseases are spread throughout a population.
Areas or regionsdesigned for men or women.
The correlation between stability and openness.
An adaption that does more harm than good.
The ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area.
The measure of people per a unit of land area.
The arrangment of a population around the world.
A sudden increase in the population in either a certain geographical are or worldwide.
Predicts the future population of an area or the world.
Relates to growth and decline of natural increase.
Standard of living
Refers to the quiality and quanity of goods and services avaliable to poeple and the way they are distributed within a population.
Providing the best outcomes for humans and the nautral environment both in the present and for the future.
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