50 terms

Law & Ethics Chapter 2 Test

Administrative Law
A branch of public law, covers regulations that are set by government agencies
"Imminent apprehension of bodily harm" The threat of bodily harm. knowing that your going to get hit.
Requires bodily harm, or unlawful touching/contact.
Beyong a Resonable Doubt
Evidence that determains with almost absolutely certainity that a person did commit a crime.
Failure, when someone breaks an agreement in a contract.
A breach of contract
Occures when either party fails to comply with the terms of an agreement
Case Law
A common law of the past that is based on a decision made by a judge.
Checks and Balances
Was designed by the framers of the Constitution so that no one branch could have more power then another branch.
Civil Law
Concerns either relationships between individuals or between individuals and the government.
Class Action Law Suit
A lawsuit filed on behalf of a large group of people who are all effected by the same situation.
Common Law
Made by judges when they apply previous court decisions to current cases.
Constitutional Law
Consists both of the U..S. Constitution and the Constitution of the individual states.
Contract Law
Address a breach or a neglict of a legally binding agreement between two parties
Criminal Case
The government brings a suit against a person or a group of people accused of committing a crime. Resulting in a crime, imprisonment or both.
Criminal Laws
Are made to protect the public as a whole from the harmful acts of others
Defamation of Character
False statement harm of reputation of a person
Person who is being sued
illegal appropriation of property. Taking things that don't belong to you.
Expressed contract
An agreement that states all of the terms .
Practices consist of an attempt to deceive another person
Implied Contract
Something for Something. (Ex. Dr. gives services patient pays Dr.)
Intentional Torts
Occurs when a person intentionally or deliberatly injures another.
Is a form of Defamation that is done in writing
A person who sues another party
Preponderence of Evidence
Shows more likely than not an incident occured
The rules of laws written by Government agencies Usually give or take benefits away.
Is a form of Defamation that is spoken. Speaking false or malicious words to harm another person reputation.
Stare decisis
"Let the decision stand"
Are laws passed by legislative bodies either Congress or State legislatures.
Written command from the court for a person or documents to appear in court.
Subpoena duces tecum
Under penalty Take with you. Requires witness to appear in court with certain records or material to a trial.
Wrongful act to a person or property that results in harm and is compensated by money damages.
Tort Law
A division of law that covers acts that result in harm to another, covers wrongful acts.
Unintentional Tort
Exists when a person had no intention of bringing about an injury to the patient
Three Branches of Government
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Legislative Branch Consists of _______?
Congress, House of Representatives and Senate
Executive Branch Consists of ______?
President and Agencies/Cabinet
Judicial Branch Consists of______?
The Justice of Supreme Court
What does the Legislatve Branch do?
Writes Laws, and Passes Bills and Vote
What does the Executive Branch do?
Has the power to Veto or approve the laws written by the legislative branch
What does the Judicial Branch do?
Interprets the law.
What are the Sources of Law?
Constitutional, Statuatory, Regulatory and Common
Constitutional, Statuatory, Regulatory and Common
Are Sources of Law
Assault, Battery, False Imprisonment, Defamation of Character, Fradulant, Embezzlement
Are Intentional Torts
99.9% Sure
Classifaction of Law
Tort, Contract, Property, Inheritance, Family and Corporate. They are classified as public and private.
When doctor ends an agreement without notifying in writing to the patient
Standards of proof
"Beyond a reasonable doubt", "Preponderance of evidence",
Earlier ruling applied to a present case