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World Geography Chapter 2
Terms in this set (44)
planets that revolve around the sun
liquid changes into gas/ water vapor and is absorbed into the air
all the bodies of water on earth
layer of hot rock under the earth's crust
rock and debris left by a glacier
causes rock to break down into small pieces
large chunks of ice (moving ice)
chunk of icy particles and frozen gases
water under ground- (rocky layer that contains a lot of water)
slabs of earth that move; create landforms
What are the four major types of landforms?
mountains, hills, plateaus, plains, valleys
What do many scientist believe about the earth's continents?
They once were joined together and formed a "super continent" called Pangea.
How much of the earth's surface is covered by land?
Erosion is the wearing away of Earth's surface by which three things?
wind, water, ice/glaciers
When sea plated pull apart it is called
comes in the form of rain, sleet or snow.
Molten rock within the earth is
is freashwater located beneath earth's surface.
The part of a continent that extends underwater is the
Water vapor changes into liquid water during
The is regular movement of earth's water.
The part of the earth that supports life is called the
The theory of believes that the continents were once joined and drifted apart.
is the wearing away of earth's surface by wind, water and glaciers.
When a heavier sea plate dives beneath a lighter continental plate occurs.
The movement of large segments of earth's crust is called
is the process of making freshwater from ocean water.
A crack in the earth's crust is a
What is the highest point on the earth?
Where in our solar system are most asteroids found?
in the orbits of Jupiter and Mars
Which planets are the terrestrial planets?
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
When does accretion occur?
when a sea plate slides under a continental plate
Describe the earth's inner core?
solid- extremely hot!
What is the deepest known depression on Earth?
What are faults?
cracks in the earth's crust
What is magma?
molten rock in the earth
What happens during physical weathering?
large chunks of rock are broken down into smaller pieces
What surrounds the inner core of the earth?
the outer core (liquid)
What are the two classifications of planets?
terrestrial and gas giant planets
What is a stream?
a narrow body of water that flows through land
Seas, gulfs and bays are types of what?
salt water bodies
What is the sources (or sources) of groundwater?
lakes, rivers/streams, rain, melted snow
What are the layers of the earth?
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
What does the water cycle show us about the earth's water?
water is distributed and redistributed but remains relatively constant
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