It is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is behavior based on?
What is social science deal with?
interaction with people
What is abnormal psychology?
Deals with psychopathology and abnormal behaviors or mental processes
What is another word for deviance?
What is an example of deviance in culture, context, and time
culture = how someone dresses context - the setting of classroom vs a football game time - 80's vs now
During the early times, what did the evil spirits cause people to encounter?
exorcisms and trephining
What is trephining?
It is the action of putting a hole in one's head to release the spirits
Where is the imbalance of the body and spirit(yin and yang) originated from?
eastern countries such as Japan and china (MY HOME)
How did eastern countries treat imbalances of the body and spirit?
through herbs(opium) and acupuncture
What country used treatments of leeches or bleeding because of the imbalance in the blood?
greece - hippocrates was a greek physician
What do each of Hippocrate's humors mean? (black, yellow, blood, phlegm)
black - you were full of crap lol yellow - consisted of pus ew blood - idk phlegm - idk
Where did the term "beat the devil or hell out of them" come from?
During the Middle Ages, they would beat people who were possessed brutally to get the evil spirits out
What is a famous Insane Asylums?
Infamous Bedlam Asylum
How did the idea of insane asylums come about?
came from the idea of putting people with leper disease in an asylum
How did rich people during the Middle Ages raise money?
they treated insane asylums as zoos
Who is franz mesmer?
- he created mesmerism This was the start of talk therapy. Talking to the patients didn't't necessarily cure the patients but it helped them a lot. The start of hipnosis
What is moral treatment?
-Dorothea Dix started it where this asylum in NC made it to wear patients were rewarded to work with the cherry blossom. -Because of Government cuts, the mental institute was torn down, including the cherry blossom tree
who is the father of clinical psychology?
What is Id?
the unconscious mind which is your survival mode, basic instinct
What is superego?
preconscious mind, keeping in mind of idealized norms
What is ego?
conscious mind, the mediator
What cause psychoanalytic?
the conflict between superego and id, think of angel and devil on the shoulders and you're ego
What are the psychosexual stages of development? (OAPLG)
oral - pleasures in the mouth anal - pleasures on bowel and bladder elimination phallic - pleasure in genitals latency - dormant sexual feelings genital - maturation of sexual interest
Failure to overcome a stage of pleasure, causes one to stick in their way, become a perfectionist, OCD later... what would one be called?
Failure to overcome a stage of pleasure, causes one to be outgoing and bipolar.... what would one be called?
What happens during the phallic stage?
- 6yr old boy loves mom, - boy wants to challenge dad, - dad castrates son, - son develops castration anxiety, - so boy acts like dad,
Failure to follow model causes what?
What is the extra complex model?
same as boy but deals with girls
What is neurosis?
anxiety with ego dealing with id and superego
What is repression? (common defense mechanisms)
pushing it out of mind
What do you do when you have denial? (common defense mechanisms)
denying it bothers you
What is rationalization?(common defense mechanisms)
justifying the action that causes anxiety(sex offenders use this a lot - "they were asking for it")
How do projection and reaction formation go hand in hand? (common defense mechanisms)
pushing it off, turning it around
How does Carl Rogers play a role in the new humanistic approach?
Carl rogers begin the transition from determining what's a disease (get away from) and what's a disorder(someone who needs help)
What is the common way to help treat a disorder?
clinical psychology - counseling, it is built in the individual
Who said "give me 12 infants and ill give you an occupation" and what does this mean
Watson children are born as blank slates
What did Watson and skinner bring to the table when it comes to the behavioral empire?
focus on behavior, can't measure mental processes
Who put a focus on cognitive - behavioral therapy(focus faulty behaviors and cognitions) most clinical psychologists use this
What 3 things interact with the biopsychosocial approach?
- biology - psychology - social interactions
What is the Diathesis Stress Model? KNOW THIS OMG
- There is a conflict between environment and genetics - We all have genetic prepositions to disorders - It is what environment that triggers it such as anxiety and stress, there is a mental break
What is etiology?
- the presume causes of disorders This crosses the path of biopsychosocial approach
What does the central nervous system consist of?
brain and spinal cord
What does the peripheral nervous system consist of?
What does sympathetic mean?
fight or flight
What does parasympathetic mean?
rest and relaxation
The Lobes of the brain consist of?
What does the occipital lobe relate to?
eyesight, visual creatures
What does the parietal lobe relate to?
movement, motor cortex
What does the temporal lobe relate to?
speech, hearing, language
What does the frontal lobe relate to?
decision making, executive answer
What BRAIN STRUCTURE controls the bodily function such as eating & drinking, pleasure?
What brain structure controls your emotion?
What is the biggest emotion?
What brain structure works w/ memory in helping w/ the transition from short term to long term?
What brain structure focuses on sleep & attention? plays a role in schizophrenia(waking dreams)
What brain structure focuses on the reinforcement? plays a role in substance abuse
What brain structure causes repetition(OCD)? responsible for automatic response such as heart beating & breathing
What brain structure controls the important necessities to live?
what is neuroanatomy?
structure of neurons
what is neurophysiology?
function of neurons
Where is the terminal arborization?
only at the end of axon
What does the myelin sheath do for a neuron?
dramatically speeds up the system it is the last the form, reason why babies have a delayed reactions
what disease is it called when there is an inflammation or degeneration myelin sheath?
What is concentration gradient?
where higher levels will go to lower levels
What is electrical gradient?
positive will go to negative areas
Equilibrium & homeostasis purpose is for what?
to make things equal bc everything wants to be equal
What do neurotransmitters want to do?
What is the reuptake?
glial cells that surround the cells of the brain wipe out neurotransmitters to prevent them to bind actively
What happens if glial cells did not do this?
a seizure will occur
How long do neurotransmitters carry signals to the synapse?
What do neuromodulators? & what they can act like?
change spots for neurotransmitters to fit they can act like neuromodulator
What is the neurotransmitter for adrenaline?
What neurotransmitter causes muscles to contract in the peripheral system? also, helps w/ the transition of short term to long term memory in the mental system?
What neurotransmitter causes alertness, attention, arousal? primary in ADHD, low levels of this causes depression
What neurotransmitter cause motivation, learning, attention? cocaine
What neurotransmitter causes emotion, sleep, dreams?
What neurotransmitter is primary hibituary, deactivate neurons from firing? it inhibits action potential
What neurotransmitter causes sleep?
What neurotransmitter triggers excitement, enhance action potential and learning?
What does cortisol play a role in? parasympathetic or sympathetic
fight or flight
What is endogenous cannabinoids?
THE WEED body naturally produces this, can't be addicted its a neuromodulator
What happens when there are too much or too little levels of these chemicals?
-damage to brain structure -problems at receptor levels - problems w/ reuptake
How much variability of a trait in a population can be attributed to genetics?
What country has the best adoption records?
What is temperament?
your innate personality
There are 4 dimension of temperament. What are they? NHRP