50 terms

Chapter 8

1. The main goal of the group Rock the Vote is to
a. encourage increased voting by musicians.
b. draw young voters into participating politically.
c. encourage states to use voting machines with paper ballots.
d. register more Latino voters.
2. What percentage of eligible voters participated in the 2004 presidential election?
a. 38 percent
b. 43 percent
c. 59 percent
d. 72 percent
3. Since the 1960s, the percentage of Americans exercising their right to vote has
a. increased.
b. decreased.
c. stayed statistically level.
d. decreased in federal elections but increased in local elections.
4. The main problem with voting as a form of political participation is
a. that citizens cannot communicate very much information by only casting a ballot.
b. that the electoral system is rigged to favor the status quo.
c. that voting is a form of political participation that requires the most time and
d. all of the above.
5. Which of the following is not a nonelectoral form of political activity?
a. protests and riots
b. lobbying
c. litigation
d. All of the above are nonelectoral forms of political activity.
6. What is the main difference between voting and lobbying?
a. Unlike voting, lobbying involves an attempt to directly influence a government
b. Unlike voting, lobbying is a corrupt and undemocratic form of participation.
c. Unlike voting, lobbying is something done by most American citizens.
d. Lobbying is a form of voting done only by members of Congress.
7. When the auto industry produced an advertising campaign against a bill passed to raise fuel economy
standards, it was engaged in
a. bribery.
b. lobbying.
c. public relations.
d. protest.
8. Litigation can be a form of participation in which people
a. hire advertising firms to promote causes and policies.
b. file lawsuits in order to change public policies.
c. pressure members of legislatures into adopting a particular policy.
d. send letters or e-mails to government officials.
9. Nonelectoral forms of participation usually require more __________ than voting.
a. time
b. money
c. effort
d. all of the above
10. Which of the following is the most accessible form of political activity?
a. voting
b. protesting
c. litigating
d. lobbying
11. The Constitution was amended in __________ to give eighteen-year-olds the right to vote.
a. 1920
b. 1942
c. 1971
d. 1994
12. Throughout American history, which of the following was not a common restriction the government
placed on voting rights?
a. racial restrictions
b. property requirements
c. occupational requirements
d. residency requirements of long duration
13. The term suffrage refers to
a. the misery that results from being unable to vote.
b. the right to vote.
c. paying poll taxes.
d. the right to hold public office.
14. The Constitution was amended to allow women to vote during all public elections in
a. 1870.
b. 1885.
c. 1920.
d. 1948.
15. The Fifteenth Amendment, passed in 1870, mandated that
a. states were forbidden to impose poll taxes.
b. no state could prevent the right to vote on account of race.
c. no state could deny the right to vote on account of gender.
d. literacy tests were forbidden in federal elections.
16. What was the main cause for dropping the legal voting age to eighteen?
a. Young American citizens effectively organized and protested for the right to vote.
b. It had been one of the civil rights movement's important goals.
c. The Constitution mandated that the draft age be equivalent to the voting age.
d. Government officials hoped it would lead to a decline in disruptive student
17. Compared with Western Europe, the United States has a __________ turnout in elections.
a. higher
b. lower
c. roughly equivalent
d. non-comparable
18. The American political community is defined as
a. those who voted in the last federal election.
b. those who are eligible to vote and participate in American political life.
c. everyone who lives in the United States.
d. those Americans who hold elected office at all levels of government
19. According to the text, the central challenge for establishing a democracy in Iraq has been
a. securing Sunni participation in politics.
b. protecting individual civil rights and liberties.
c. convincing Iraqis to vote.
d. securing Kurdish participation in national politics.
20. Which of the following was not a critical group that attempted to expand civil rights for African
b. DAR
21. The civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s used all of the following methods of participation
a. sit-ins and marches.
b. litigation.
c. lobbying and political pressure.
d. the power bloc of southern African American voters.
22. What bloc of voters has recently been called the "sleeping giant"?
a. African Americans
b. Latinos
c. Asian Americans
d. middle-class whites
23. Forty percent of all Asian Americans live in
a. California.
b. New York.
c. Florida.
d. Texas.
24. Over the past decade, polls have revealed that Asian American voters are moving
a. toward the Republican Party.
b. toward the Democratic Party.
c. away from all forms of partisan identity.
d. toward third-party politics.
25. The political power of Asian Americans has recently been hindered because of the
a. diversity of national backgrounds and cultures.
b. political apathy among Asian American voters.
c. disfranchisement of Asian American voters in the 1990s.
d. lack of a sufficiently large population for bloc voting.
26. Which of the following best describes the goal of the EMILY's List organization?
a. to promote the expansion of pro-choice legislation
b. to advocate a pro-life position
c. to raise money for Democratic women candidates interested in running for office
d. to litigate sex discrimination cases in court
27. Which statement is correct?
a. Religion has played an important role in organizing political participation.
b. Religious groups have played a relatively minor role in politically mobilizing
c. Catholics and Protestants in the United States remain deeply divided politically.
d. Political groups usually attempt to keep religious issues out of politics.
28. Churches and religious groups have been influential in all of the following except
a. the Civil Rights movement.
b. antiabortion protests.
c. health care reforms.
d. the mobilization of the Republican Party.
29. Evangelical Protestants are more likely to be associated with
a. the Republican Party.
b. the Democratic Party.
c. the Moral Majority Party.
d. no party; they are typically nonpartisan.
30. What was the Supreme Court case that ruled prayers in public schools were unconstitutional?
a. Plessy v. Ferguson
b. Engel v. Vitale
c. Roe v. Wade
d. Falwell v. Hustler
31. The power of the Christian Coalition in the 1990s was due to
a. its ability to donate large sums of money to candidates.
b. its success in mobilizing a large grassroots base.
c. the number of its members who were elected to political office.
d. all of the above.
32. Which of the following groups have had the highest levels of political participation?
a. senior citizens
b. Asian Americans
c. the youth
d. Latinos
33. The proportion of young people voting has __________ since 1971.
a. increased slightly
b. decreased
c. remained stable
d. sharply increased
34. Which of the following is not a key factor in indicating one's level of participation?
a. age
b. income
c. geographic region
d. education
35. Which of the following characteristics does not constitute one's socioeconomic status?
a. level of income
b. level of education
c. prestige of occupation
d. level of political participation
36. The explanation for political participation that points to the characteristics of individuals focuses on
a. socioeconomic status.
b. membership in social organizations.
c. formal obstacles like the poll tax or white primary.
d. mobilization by political institutions.
37. The socioeconomic status model explains one's political participation by examining an individual's
a. level of education, income, and occupational status.
b. membership in community organizations.
c. legal right to vote.
d. membership in political organizations.
38. Which of the following is true about political participation?
a. Young people are far less likely to participate in politics than older people.
b. Older people are far less likely to participate in politics than younger people.
c. Young people are equally as likely to participate in politics as older people.
d. Neither young people nor older people participate much in politics
39. The strongest critique of the socioeconomic status model's explanation of political participation is that
a. African Americans with high levels of education do not participate.
b. education levels are rising while rates of participation are falling.
c. people from the lowest income brackets participate the most in politics.
d. income levels are decreasing while rates of political participation are increasing
40. An example of __________ was exhibited through the interest group Friends of the Earth issuing a press
release blaming the Hurricane Katrina devastation on global warming.
a. lobbying
b. voting
c. public relations
d. litigation
41. What was the effect of the National Voter Registration Act (Motor Voter Act)?
a. Voter registration rose, but voter turnout did not.
b. Both voter registration and voter turnout rose.
c. Neither voter registration nor voter turnout rose.
d. Voter registration did not rise, but voter turnout levels did
42. Political __________ is the process in which large numbers of people are organized for political action.
a. socialization
b. mobilization
c. saliency
d. citizenship
43. Studies show that people are more likely to participate in politics when
a. they are paid to do so.
b. someone asks them to get involved.
c. government officials officially invite input and feedback.
d. they are able to participate electronically through e-mail and computer voting.
44. Studies have discovered __________ to be the key element of successful mobilization efforts.
a. personal contact
b. direct mailings
c. extensive use of phone banks
d. advertising in local media
45. Which of the following have political parties been doing less of in recent years?
a. fund-raising
b. advertising
c. mobilizing voters
d. nominating candidates
46. What is the most reasonable explanation for why about 70 percent of the Latino population in the United
States voted for Democrats during the 2006 congressional elections?
a. They supported the Democrats' foreign policy towards Cuba.
b. They agreed with military issues discussed by the Democrats.
c. They disagreed with Republican immigration policies.
d. They protested cutbacks in social welfare programs
47. What has been one of the most pressing questions concerning socioeconomic status?
a. Why has the level of participation in politics not increased as a result of the rising
level of education among Americans?
b. Why do recent immigrants display a higher level of political participation than
second- and third-generation Americans?
c. Why is Catholic American participation consistently higher than that of Protestant
d. Why do citizens in coastal cities tend to have a voting rate approximately 5-7
percent higher than citizens in landlocked states?
48. A political institution can best be defined as
a. a government body established by the Constitution.
b. a set of values and beliefs about what the government's goals should be.
c. a bureaucracy meant to implement laws passed by the legislature.
d. any organization that connects people to politics
49. Checkbook democracy arises when
a. there is a decline in political participation.
b. fund-raising becomes the most important task for political organizations.
c. participation levels take on an unequal economic bias.
d. all of the above occur
50. One problem arising from wealthy Americans choosing to abstain from participating in public
institutions such as schools is that
a. the United States no longer receives their tax dollars.
b. the education level of the American electorate is declining.
c. important groups of Americans no longer have a stake in the public sector.
d. no other group can afford to use these public resources