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Chapter 9

1. Which famous American, in his farewell address, encouraged his fellow citizens to shun partisan
a. Alexander Hamilton
b. Thomas Jefferson
c. George Washington
d. George Mason
2. Which of the following is the best description of a political party?
a. an organization that influences the government through fund-raising
b. an organization established by the Constitution to nominate candidates
c. an organization that tries to influence the government by getting its members
elected to office
d. an organization that was considered seditious until the twentieth century
3. Which statement is correct?
a. The United States has stronger parties than those of most European democracies.
b. European democracies tend to have stronger parties than those of the United
c. Western Europe does not have formal political parties comparable to those of the
United States.
d. The parties in the United States are the descendants of eighteenth century English
4. Within the government itself, parties are
a. relatively unimportant, except during election years.
b. stable coalitions of individuals who possess shared or overlapping interests.
c. necessary for propagating official ideology.
d. important for ideological identification but not useful for actually initiating public
5. The establishment of the Republican Party is a good example of
a. external mobilization.
b. internal mobilization.
c. seditious mobilization.
d. elite bargaining.
6. Internal mobilization occurs when
a. conflicts within the government create divided factions that try to mobilize
popular support.
b. party leaders try to rally support for their platforms once they are in the
c. citizens deemed to be undesirable outsiders are excluded from the party.
d. all of a party's funds come from soft money
7. Which of the following parties did not originate through internal mobilization?
a. the Jeffersonian Party
b. the Federalist Party
c. the Republican Party
d. All of the above were formed through internal mobilization
8. Throughout its history, American politics has been dominated by
a. one major political party.
b. two major political parties.
c. three major political parties.
d. four major political parties.
9. From 1828 to 1860, the __________ Party was the dominant force in American politics.
a. Communist
b. Democratic
c. Federalist
d. Republican
10. Who was the founder of the Democratic Party?
a. George Washington
b. Alexander Hamilton
c. Andrew Jackson
d. Abraham Lincoln
11. During the mid- to late nineteenth century, the Democratic party was divided by
a. slavery and the Civil War.
b. fiscal policies imposed during the tariff crisis.
c. lingering conflict concerning the War of 1812.
d. the westward expansion of the United States.
12. Northern Democrats opposing the war were called __________ during the Civil War.
a. doughfaces
b. carpetbaggers
c. goldbugs
d. copperheads
13. Which group was not a part of the New Deal coalition?
a. Catholics
b. farmers
c. business leaders
d. organized labor
14. Bill Clinton's policy of __________ was based on his desire to position himself between conservative
Republicans and liberal Democrats.
a. compassionate conservatism
b. triangulation
c. internal mobilization
d. electoral realignment
15. Who was the first presidential candidate of the Republican Party?
a. Andrew Jackson
b. John Fremont
c. Abraham Lincoln
d. Ulysses Grant
16. Which of the following was not a platform of the Republican Party before the Civil War?
a. protective tariffs
b. construction of a transcontinental railroad
c. permitting slavery in Kansas and Nebraska
d. homesteading
17. Which was a dominant party in the United States from the years after the Civil War until the 1930s?
a. the Republicans
b. the Democrats
c. the Whigs
d. the Progressives
18. Which event occurred in 1994?
a. the Republican Party won control of both houses of Congress for the first time
since the 1950s
b. the Republican Party lost control of the Senate for the first time in twenty years
c. Bill Clinton defeated Bob Dole and won his second term in office
d. House Speaker Newt Gingrich resigned his seat after the Republican Party
suffered severe losses
19. The Federalist Party disappeared forever as a result of
a. Jefferson's election in 1800.
b. the War of 1812.
c. the Louisiana Purchase.
d. Alexander Hamilton being killed by Aaron Burr.
20. What issue led to the demise of the Whig Party?
a. slavery
b. economic regulations and tariffs
c. the admission of California into the Union
d. the death of Andrew Jackson
21. The Populist Party appeals to each of the following groups, except
a. Western mining interests.
b. Eastern bankers.
c. small farmers.
d. urban workers
22. When a ruling political party is supplanted by a new dominant political force, it is called a(n)
a. apathy.
b. electoral realignment.
c. divided government.
d. triangulation
23. Which of the following occurs when one party becomes dominant after replacing another party that has
dominated national politics for a lengthy period of time?
a. an electoral realignment
b. a proportional representation
c. a divided government
d. external mobilization
24. Which of the following transpires when one party controls the presidency while another party controls
one or both houses of Congress?
a. an electoral realignment
b. a divided government
c. a seditious government
d. internal mobilization
25. Which of the following was not the date of an electoral realignment?
a. 1800
b. 1828
c. 1932
d. 1994
26. When Richard Nixon employed his "southern strategy" he
a. used the FBI to help collect secrets and blackmail southern Democratic leaders.
b. ignored the southern states in favor of voters in the Midwest and Northeast.
c. appealed to disaffected white voters in the South.
d. referred to the break-in at the Watergate apartments.
27. As a third-party candidate, Ross Perot captured approximately __________ percent of the popular vote in
the 1992 presidential election.
a. 5
b. 10
c. 20
d. 30
28. Third parties in the United States typically represent
a. women's interests.
b. extremist religious groups.
c. the political interests of America's allies who attempt to influence the American
decision-making process because U.S policies can affect their futures.
d. social and economic interests that are disregarded by the two major parties for
certain reasons.
29. Which of the following statements concerning third parties is false?
a. Third parties are often short lived.
b. Successful third parties often have their programs adopted by one of the two
major parties.
c. The earliest third parties in the United States arose as a result of the Great
d. Third parties often have support limited by geographic region
30. The third-party candidate who won the most electoral college votes in American history was
a. Ross Perot.
b. Ralph Nader.
c. John Anderson.George Wallace.
31. Which system develops when the winner of an electoral race obtains more votes than any other
a. the majority system
b. the plurality system
c. proportional representation
d. the winner-take-all system
32. Third-party candidates are better off under what system of election?
a. the majority system
b. the plurality system
c. proportional representation
d. None of these systems is favorable to third parties
33. Which of the following is not accomplished at a party's national convention?
a. nomination of the presidential and vice-presidential candidate
b. determination of the party's rules and bylaws
c. development and ratification of the party's platform
d. nomination of Senate and House candidates
34. A __________ is a closed meeting of a political group's members who gather to determine strategy and
select candidates.
a. convention
b. caucus
c. party
d. district
35. A party's platform is best understood as
a. a negotiated agreement between the party's various factions.
b. a public relations program designed for media consumption.
c. a clear statement of the principles to which each party candidate will be
d. a contract with the American people.
36. Which of the following tasks does a party's national committee not perform?
a. raising funds
b. resolving disputes between factions of the party
c. selecting presidential and vice-presidential candidates
d. enhancing the media image of the party
37. __________ are nonprofit independent groups that receive and distribute funds to influence the
nomination, election, or defeat of a candidate.
a. Political Action Committees
b. 527 Committees
c. Political caucuses
d. Political parties
38. The power of __________ demonstrates how political party bosses can confer governmental favors on
loyal party members.
a. machines
b. patronage
c. soft money
d. caucuses
39. What were the most common favors political bosses distributed to loyal party members during the era of
political machines?
a. money
b. jobs
c. patents
d. tariffs
40. Which of the following is the best definition of soft money?
a. money collected through illegal donations
b. a contribution parties use to offset the cost of internal organization and voter
registration without spending the money on a candidate's election
c. nonmonetary donations made to a party for use of privileges such as airplanes and
hotel rooms that are not officially considered income
d. money that is left over after the election
41. An individual's psychological attachment to one party or another is called a party
a. ideology.
b. opinion.
c. identification.
d. tradition.
42. Partisan ties within the United States have __________ in recent years.
a. originated
b. increased
c. declined
d. been steady
43. A party activist is an individual who
a. attends every social function that a political party stages.
b. writes favorable news reports for the national media.
c. commits acts of civil disobedience when asked to by a political party.
d. not only votes, but also contributes time, energy, effort, and financial resources to
party affairs.
44. Since the 1930s, African Americans have been identified as
a. Republican.
b. Democratic.
c. nonpartisan.
d. Independent.
45. Women in the United States are __________ the __________ Party.
a. overwhelmingly committed to; Republican
b. somewhat more likely to support; Republican
c. overwhelmingly committed to; Democratic
d. somewhat more likely to support; Democratic
46. Men in the United States are __________ the __________ Party.
a. overwhelmingly committed to; Republican
b. somewhat more likely to support; Republican
c. overwhelmingly committed to; Democratic
d. somewhat more likely to support; Democratic
47. Between the Civil War and the 1960s, the __________ was a Democratic stronghold.
a. Midwest
b. West
c. South
d. Southwest
48. In contemporary American politics, solid support for the Republican Party comes from the
a. South and Mountain West.
b. South, Northeast, and Midwest.
c. Northeast, Midwest, and West.
d. Northeast, Midwest, and Southwest.
49. Which of the following is not an important principle of a responsible party government?
a. Parties should allow candidates to run their own campaigns.
b. Parties should develop a coherent set of campaign issues.
c. Parties should mobilize voters.
d. Parties should fulfill their campaign promises once in office.
50. One proposal your text authors suggest will make political parties stronger and more responsible is
a. to make parties more responsible for the bulk of campaign financing.
b. to make parties more ideological, like those in Western Europe.
c. to revive the urban political machines of the last century.
d. to move the United States toward proportional representation.