Introduction to Fiction
Terms in this set (48)
The represented time and place of an event in a literary work.
Techniques used by an author in creating characters
The hero or central character in a narrative (opposite of antagonist)
A character (or other force) opposing the protagonist (opposite of protagonist)
A character which sheds light on another more important character by a clearly implied comparison or contrast.
A very simple character with one or two personal traits (opposite of round)
A character with many different and even contradictory traits. (Opposite of flat)
An uncomplicated, flat character having only a single, predictable motive
A many sided, round character
A character who remains the same throughout the story (opposite of dynamic)
A character who changes and develops, often because of the events of the story (opposite of static)
The type of literature that consists of novels, short stories, and other prose writings that tell about imaginary people and happenings.
Uses explicit statements about a characters personality
Reveals a characters personality through the characters thoughts and words.
Authors develop their characters mainly in three ways:
* by repeating
* by what they do
* by how others react to them
Point of view
The relationship assumed between the author and the characters in a literary work. This includes specifically the extent to which the narrator shows himself to be aware of what each character thinks and feels.
Dramatic Point of view
also called objective; 3rd point of view (he,she,they). The author does not presume to know the thoughts and feelings of the characters.
Omniscient (all knowing point of view)
The author tells anything he wishes about the characters' thoughts and feelings.
Personal point of view
The narrator is one of the characters- 1st person point of view ( i, we)
The pattern of events in a narrative
The part of a narrative, usually at the beginning, that sketches in the background of the characters and action.
The point at which the author catches the readers attention and establishes the basic conflict that the story will eventually resolve.
Adds complications to the story.
The turning point in the plot is called the technical climax, and the point of most intense action is called the dramatic climax. Sometimes they occur at different points in the narrative.
Reveals the outcome of the high point , or climax, of the story
Brings the story to a satisfying and logical conclusion.
The term for the falling action and the resolution of the plot.
A central element in most plots, conflict is the interplay between opposing forces. There are many of these.
Conflict that occurs within a characters own mind (man vs. conflict)
Conflict that occurs between a character and some outside force. ( man vs. man or man vs. nature)
Need to know how to sketch and label the plot pattern ( 1-7 )
Shorter than a novel
and can usually be read in one sitting
In a literary work, the
Feeling or atmosphere
that the writer creates for the reader
Is the character or voice from whose point of view events are told
May be a character in the story or the author
in a work of literature ( may, but does not usually, tell one how to live)
Is a writers use of hints or clues to indicate events and situations that will occur later in a plot.
Creates suspense and prepares the reader for what is to come
to another literary work or to a famous person, place or event
Is a special kind of contrast between appearance and reality- usually one in which reality is the
Opposite from what it seems
A writer's or speakers'
Choice of words
and way of arranging the words in sentences.
The literal or the dictionary definition of a word.
Refers to the feelings associated for the word.
Is a statement that
Seems to contradict itself
but is, nevertheless true.
Is the use of similar grammatical constructions to express ideas that are related or
Equal in importance
Is a literary technique in which ideas or customs are ridiculed for the purpose of improving society
May be gently windy or bitterly ridiculed
Is the particular way in which a piece of literature is written
Is not what is said, but how it is said
Is a person, a place, an activity, or an object that
Stands for something beyond itself.
Consists of descriptive words and phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader
Appeals to the sources
It tells a complex story that unfolds through the actions, speech, and thoughts of the characters.
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