49 terms

Honors US History Unit 2 Vocab

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Stamp Act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Intolerable Acts
series of laws passed in 1774 to punish Boston for the Tea Party
Boston Massacre
incident in 1770 in which British troops fired on and killed American colonists
Boston Tea Party
Protest led by Sons of Liberty against the Tea Act of 1773.
Paul Revere
Boston silversmith who rode into the countryside to spread news of British troop movement.
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
Patriots in Boston who protested British tyranny and instigated the American Revolution
Samuel Adams
Leader of the Boston Sons of Liberty
John Hancock
American revolutionary patriot who was president of the Continental Congress
Committees of Correspondence
organized network for passing along news of British activity to the colonies
Common Sense
pamphlet designed by Thomas Paine to convince colonists to secede from Britain
1st and 2nd Continental Congress
convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies which became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
Committee of Five
a team of five men who drafted and presented to the Congress what would become America's Declaration of Independence
Lexington and Concord
the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War
Bunker Hill
bloody battle; colonists defeated but nearly 1000 British dead or wounded
Crossing of the Delaware
A remarkable part of the revolution where a sneak attack was inflicted onto the British troops
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Continental Army
The official army of the United States that was established by the Continental Congress.
Valley Forge
Continental Army's camp during the winter of 1777-1778
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
Baron von Steuben
Trained troops at Valley Forge
General Cornwallis
British general who surrendered at Yorktown.
Battle of Trenton
Hessian defeat at Christmas 1776 is first victory for US
Battle of Saratoga
In 1777, the first major American victory in the revolution
Battle of Yorktown
1781 battle in Virginia after which the British declared defeat
Benjamin Franklin
Secured French aid; advocated colonial unity
John Adams
2nd president
Hessians
American slang for the German troops under British command
Treaty of Paris 1783
Ended the American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the United States
Shays rebellion
The uprising of farmers to protest high taxes and heavy debt
Land Ordinance of 1785
set up a system for surveying and dividing western lands
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River
James Madison
Father of the Constitution
Virginia Plan
Proposal to create a strong national government
New Jersey Plan
A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress
Great Compromise
agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
Constitutional government
government whose power is defined and limited by law
Separation of Powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Checks and Balances
authority shared by three branches of government
Charles de Montesquieu
Enlightenment writer Ideals of "Separation of Powers" in government is essential
Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Three branches of the separation of powers
Federalists
supporters of the Constitution
The Federalist Papers
Ratification essays published in New York newspapers
Alexander Hamilton
Federalist
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution