5 Written questions
3 Matching questions
- a Dehydration results in:
increased ADH secretion and increased water reabsorption.
increased ADH secretion and decreased water reabsorption.
decreased ADH secretion and increased water reabsorption.
decreased ADH secretion and decreased water reabsorption.
- b Which of the following is a nitrogenous waste product produced from nucleic acid breakdown in the liver?
- c How are the processes of reabsorption and secretion related?
They both involve movement of material from the blood into the tubular fluid.
Materials move in opposite directions: reabsorption moves materials into the blood, whereas secretion removes them from the blood.
Materials move in opposite directions: secretion moves materials into the blood, whereas reabsorption removes them from the blood.
They both involve movement of material from the tubular fluid into the blood.
5 Multiple choice questions
This figure shows a renal corpuscle. The two structures indicated by number 3 collectively form the:
- Which class of nephron is crucially important in establishing a salt concentration gradient in the kidney so that urine concentration can be regulated?
- In the process of urine formation, first:
filtrate is formed, then tubular fluid, then urine.
tubular fluid is formed, then filtrate, then urine.
- Granular cells synthesize and release the enzyme:
- The endothelium of the glomerulus is made up of _________ capillaries.
5 True/False questions
a → Blood pressure in the glomerulus is _______ than in other capillaries due to the relatively large diameter of ________ arterioles.
This figure shows a frontal section of the kidney. What structure does number 5 indicate?
This figure shows a frontal section of the kidney. Which number(s) indicate a renal papilla?
This figure shows a renal corpuscle. What structure does number 1 indicate?
Distal convoluted tubule
Proximal convoluted tubule
e → The juxtaglomerular apparatus is located:
within the renal sinus.
in the renal papilla.
in the perinephric fat.
inside the tubular pole of the glomerulus.
near the vascular pole of the renal corpuscle.