NAME

Question types


Start with


Question limit

of 68 available terms

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads
Print test

5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. e
  2. c
  3. a
  4. d
  1. a Sympathetic stimulation causes:
    mesangial cells to release angiotensin, which ultimately leads to granular cell contraction.
    mesangial cells to release angiotensin, which ultimately leads to granular cell relaxation.
    granular cells to release renin, which ultimately leads to mesangial cell contraction.
    granular cells to release renin, which ultimately leads to mesangial cell relaxation.
    inhibited release of erythropoietin and contraction of granular and mesangial cells.
  2. b Stimulation of granular cells by the sympathetic nervous system causes them to:
    contract.
    relax.
    release calcitriol.
    increase endocytosis.
  3. c
    This figure shows a frontal section of the kidney. Which number indicates the renal pelvis?
    1
    2
    4
    8
    9
  4. d The juxtaglomerular apparatus is located:
    within the renal sinus.
    in the renal papilla.
    in the perinephric fat.
    inside the tubular pole of the glomerulus.
    near the vascular pole of the renal corpuscle.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The main parts of the juxtaglomerular apparatus are the:
    principal cells and macula densa.
    granular cells and macula densa.
    granular cells and intercalated cells.
    intercalated cells and principal cells.
    principal cells and granular cells.
  2. Fluid contained within the lumen of a nephron loop would be considered to be:
    plasma.
    tubular fluid.
    filtrate.
    urine.
  3. Which is not correct regarding the innervation of the kidney?
    Parasympathetic innervation is from the vagus nerve.
    The kidney is served by the renal plexus.
    Sympathetic innervation is from segments T10-T12 of the spinal cord.
    Sympathetic stimulation causes vasoconstriction of the renal blood vessels.
    Parasympathetic stimulation decreases the rate of filtrate formation.
  4. Macula densa cells monitor the concentration of:
    glucose in the blood.
    antidiuretic hormone in the urine.
    sodium chloride in the fluid within the distal convoluted tubule.
    calcium in the fluid of the proximal convoluted tubule.
    aldosterone in the afferent arteriole.
  5. If someone is bleeding severely, the body's adaptive response is to:
    increase sympathetic stimulation of the kidney and therefore increase GFR.
    increase sympathetic stimulation of the kidney and therefore decrease GFR.
    decrease sympathetic stimulation of the kidney and therefore decrease GFR.
    decrease sympathetic stimulation of the kidney and therefore increase GFR.

5 True/False questions

  1. cBoth the proximal convoluted tubule and the distal convoluted tubule reside in the cortex of the kidney.
    True
    False

          

  2. cWhich of the following is a nitrogenous waste product produced from nucleic acid breakdown in the liver?
    Urea
    Deoxyribose
    Uric acid
    Creatinine

          

  3. aDehydration results in:
    increased ADH secretion and increased water reabsorption.
    increased ADH secretion and decreased water reabsorption.
    decreased ADH secretion and increased water reabsorption.
    decreased ADH secretion and decreased water reabsorption.

          

  4. cThe tubuloglomerular feedback mechanism responds to an increase in:
    systemic blood pressure by signaling for a decrease in heart rate through blood-borne hormones.
    urine production by signaling for a decrease in urine production through the hormone ADH.
    NaCl concentration in tubular fluid by signaling for afferent arteriole constriction with local chemical messengers.
    glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure by signaling for afferent arterioles to constrict and increase filtration rate.

          

  5. bWhich of the following is a nitrogenous waste product produced from nucleic acid breakdown in the liver?
    Urea
    Deoxyribose
    Uric acid
    Creatinine