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Medical Terminology Chapter 9

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nephr(o)
a combining form denoting relationship to the kidney
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
pyel(o)
pelvis of the kidney
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney
nephrectomy
excision or removal of the kidney
lithiasis
condition of stones
nephrolithiasis
kidney stones
nephropathy
disease of the kidney
ptosis
falling
nephroptosis
downward displacement of the kidney
nephrology
the study of, or science of the kidney
ren(o)
a combining form denoting relationship to the kidneys
renal
pertaining to the kidneys
form
resembling
reniform
resembling the kidney (kidney shaped)
cortic(o)
cortex
renocortical
pertaining to the cortex of the kidney
supra
above
suprarenal
located above the kidney, the adrenal gland
pyel(o)
a combining form denoting the pelvis of the kidney
pyelography
roentgenographic (x-ray) study of teh kidney and renal collecting system
pyelitis
inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney
pyeloscopy
examination or observation of the kidney pelvis via a fluoroscope
ectasis
dilation, expansion
pyelectasis
dilation of the kidney pelvis
lith(o)
stone
tomy
incision, cutting into
pyelolithotomy
the operation of removing a renal calculus from the pelvis of the kidney
glomerul(o)
a combining form denoting relationship to the renal glomeruli; a tuft/cluster of capillaries
glomerular
pertaining to the glomerulus
glomerulitis
inflammation of the glomerulus
glomerulopathy
any disease of the glomerulus
cyst(o), cyst(i)
combining forms denoting a relationship to a sac or bladder, most frequently the urinary bladder
cystic
pertaining to a cyst or bladder
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystoscope
an endoscope for visual examination of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy
visual examination of the urinary bladder
cystostomy
surgical formation of an opening into the urinary bladder
stomy
formation of an opening
cystoptosis
prolapse of the bladder into the urethra
rrhagia
excessive flow, bleeding
cystorrhagia
hemorrhage from the bladder
cystospasm
spasm of the urinary bladder
ureter(o)
a combining form denoting relationship to the ureter
ureteral
pertaining to the ureter
ureteropathy
disease of the ureter
ureterolith
a stone or calculus in a ureter
ureterectomy
excision or removal of the ureter
ectasis
distension
ureterectasis
distension of the ureter
algia
pain
ureteralgia
pain in the ureter
iasis
condition
ureterolithiasis
formation of stones in the ureter
ureteroplasty
plastic surgery of the ureter
urethr(o)
a combining form denoting relationship to the urethra
urethral
pertaining to the urethra
phraxis
obstruction
urethrophraxis
an obstruction of the urethra
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
rrhaphy
suturing
urethrorrhaphy
suturing of the urethra
urethrorrhagia
excessive bleeding from the urethra
urethroectomy
an excision of the urethra
urethroplasty
plastic surgery of the urethra
urethrospasm
spasm of the urethra
uria
a suffix denoting urine or urination
melan(o)
black
melanuria
black or dark discoloration of the urine
dys
difficult, painful
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
an
not, without
anuria
absence of secretion of urine
glycosuria
presence of glucose in the urine
poly
much, many
polyuria
excessive production of urine
olig(o)
scanty, few
oliguria
scanty production of urine (not very much)
albumin
white (protein)
albuminuria
presence of serum albumin in the urine
hemat(o)
blood
hematuria
presence of blood in the urine
noct(i)
night
nocturia
excessive urination at night
bacteriuria
bacteria in the urine
py(o)
pus, suppuration
pyuria
presence of pus in the urine
azote
nitrogen
azoturia
excessive nitrogen in the urine
anti-infectives
agents that can kill infectious agents or prevent them from spreading
diuretics
agents that promote and increase the excretion of urine
nonopioid analgesics
agents (not derived from opium) that provide an analgesic, anesthetic effect on the urinary tract and eliminate urinary spasms
uricosurics
agents that promote the excretion of uric acid in the urine; used in the treatment of gout