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Chapter 4 The Hematopoietic System
Terms in this set (78)
A young red blood cell containing ER and remnant ribosomes
When erythrocytes have various staining qualities
Red blood cells vary in size
A deficiency of erythrocytes and/or hemoglobin
A deficiency of all blood cells
A white blood cell
A deficiency of white blood cells
Increased numbers of Leukocytes
A deficiency of neutrophilic leukocytes in the blood
Things that stain readily with blue or basic dyes
Increased numbers of eosinophilic leukocytes in the blood
Increased numbers of lymphocytic leukocytes in the blood
Increased numbers of monocytic leukocytes in the blood
The study of blood
The study of form
A red blood cell
Pertaining to a multi-shaped nucleus
A clot cell (blood platelet)
The process of blood stoppage
A blood clot
An "eating" leukocyte
A phagocyte that is very large and feeds outside of the bloodstream, between tissues
A chemical agent that prevents the clotting of blood
The process of destroying blood (or blood cell breakdown)
A blood swelling in the tissues due to a broken vein or artery
To separate blood
A large cell that forms platelets in the bone marrow
Varied shapes of erythrocytes
A lack of protein in the blood
A condition of "fat" blood
A malignancy of blood forming tissues results in excessive numbers of abnormal leukocytes
An excess of Bilirubin in the blood (bilirubin is generated by the breakdown of hemoglobin)
The youngest form of erythrocyte
A "changed" erythrocyte; young adult erythrocyte; about to discharge its nucleus
Immature baby leukocyte
An "after/changed" marrow cell
A "pre-clotter" that comes around before Thrombin
It produces fiber in a blood clot; the precursor to fibrin
A ball cell; an erythrocyte that is round without the central dent
A poikilocytic (irregularly shaped) cell that appears to have a smiley face
A poikilocytic (irregularly shaped) cell that appears to have horns
A poikilocytic (irregularly shaped) cell that appears to have spines like a hedgehog
A poikilocytic (irregularly shaped) cell that appears to have "thorns" (irregularly placed, usually only a few)
A split cell; A poikilocytic (irregularly shaped) cell that has been torn into fragments
A condition of marrow malformation
The layer of leukocytes and thrombocytes that appears when "layering" blood in tubes with the use of an anticoagulant
Packed cell volume
the thickness of the erythrocyte layer after being spun on a centrifuge
Total Protein (TP)
The concentration of proteins in the plasma
Instrument used to determine protein concentration in plasma
The process of creating blood cells in the bone marrow
To transport oxygen
The main purpose of erythrocytes
What gives cells their red color
hemoglobin bound to oxygen
Some erythrocytes are "light" red because of
hemoglobin bound to carbon dioxide
Some erythrocytes are "dark" red because of
large blood cells
Which are larger: erythrocytes or leukocytes?
A leukocyte with secretory glands in its cytoplasm
Neutrophil, basophil, eosinophil
What are the three types of granulocytes, named by what they secrete?
The condition of having no granules in the cytoplasm
What are the two agranular leukocytes?
Which type of granulocyte is present in the highest numbers?
Name an example of a polymorphonuclear leukocyte or erythrocyte
Rid the body of foreign invaders through phagocytosis
What is the main purpose of Neutrophils?
Homogeneous gray cytoplasm, lightly basophilic staining tendencies, large multi-lobed nucleus
What are some identifying characteristics of monocytes?
What are the two granulocytes that are important in allergic reactions?
Start large, become small
How do lymphocytes change in size with age?
What is the purpose of Lymphocytes?
To "label" foreign bodies
What is the purpose of antibodies?
Darkly basophilic staining, very round or ovular
Describe a lymphocyte's physical appearance
What is another name for Thrombocytes?
To help with blood clotting
What is the purpose of the thrombocyte?
Very small, lavender-stained, mottled cells
Describe the physical appearance of thrombocytes (blood platelets)
Where is the clotting factor fibrinogen found?
the hormone that stimulates red blood cell production