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Unit 1 Southwest Asia Geography
Terms in this set (50)
What are the cardinal and intermediate directions?
Cardinal- north, east, south, west. Intermediate- northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest
How do you determine distances on a map?
Using the map key, which represents the distance on the map compared to the actual distance
How do you find the absolute location on a map (latitude and longitude?)
Using the latitude and longitude lines on a map. Finding where the lines cross is the absolute location.
How do you determine centuries?
0-99 = 1st century, 100-199 = 2nd century, etc.
What are the major rivers in Southwest Asia?
Euphrates, Tigris, and Jordan Rivers
How have dams caused conflicts in Southwest Asia? Give specific examples.
Dams prevent water from flowing downstream to other countries. Countries downstream are in need of water for farming, drinking, etc. Because water is scarce and is unevenly distributed, conflicts over "water rights" and dams have become common.
What landform connects Southwest Asia and Africa?
What causes water pollution and how does it affect the people of Southwest Asia?
Water pollution is caused by chemical fertilizers used to help crops grow. Because water is unevenly distributed it is extremely important to protects the water sources they do have.
Before and after oil was discovered how did most people in Southwest Asia make a living?
Trading and herding animals (nomadic herder)
How does oil impact a country's standard of living?
Having an abundance of oil most often improves a country's economy and standard of living.
What resources are scarce and how does this impact the people Israel?
Freshwater is very scarce in Israel which leads to conflicts with Jordan and the Palestinians. Israel also does not have oil which forces them to import oil.
What is the interior climate of Southwest Asia and how does it differ than the climate of most the the coasts?
Mostly hot and dry. The coastal regions have slightly more precipitation and milder climates.
What two rivers come together in Iraq and empty into the Persian Gulf?
Euphrates and Tigris Rivers
What are dams used for in Southwest Asia?
Dams are used for irrigation/farming and hydroelectricity.
What river empties into the Dead Sea?
Explain where the West Bank and Gaza Strip are located in relationship to Israel.
The West Bank and Gaza Strip border Israel. The Gaza Strip is located on the Mediterranean Sea southwest of Israel and the West Bank Israel and Jordan to the east.
How do you identify the scale and capital cities on a map?
The map scale and capital city symbols are located on the map key. The scale often has the distance in kilometers and miles. Stars are often used to represent capital cities.
What is the main purpose of political cartoons?
Political cartoons are used to encourage critical thinking with the artist having specific viewpoint or opinion represented in the cartoon.
Why is most of the Arabian Peninsula hot and dry?
The mountains on the coast block the precipitation from reaching the interior of the Arabian Peninsula (interior is desert).
How does geography affect population distribution in Southwest Asia?
Physical features, natural resources, and climate affect where most people live in Southwest Asia.
What three continents come together in the Middle East?
Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Turkey is on what two continents?
Europe and Asia
How has irrigation impacted Southwest Asia?
Because water is unevenly distributed throughout Southwest Asia, irrigation is required to move the water to where it is needed for farms to grow crops.
Land surrounded on three sides by water. Located north of the Red Sea and south of the Mediterranean Sea and is east of the Suez Canal and Southwest of Israel.
Saltiest lake in the world and lowest elevation point on Earth (borders Jordan and Israel)
second largest desert on Earth that covers almost the entire Arabian Peninsula. Bordered to the north by the Syrian Desert, to the northeast and east by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, to the southeast and south by the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden, and to the west by the Red Sea.
An area within a desert that has water and vegetation.
A narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
A river that begins in turkey and runs south through Syria and Iraq.
A river that begins in Turkey and also runs south through Iraq
A very important water way that is a major shipping region for oil
Strait of Hormuz
A dangerous water way that is a major shipping region for oil
A man made feature that creates a short cut from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea
A river that begins in Syria and flows south through Israel and Jordan
Rub al-Khali Desert
"Empty Quarter" a desert in the southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula.
A country that is surrounded only by land
A Palestinian Territory in SW that has been constantly disputed
A Palestinian Territory that borders Israel and Jordan that has been under constant dispute
What is so unique about the Dead Sea?
Because so much water is taken out of the Jordan River by the different groups that depend on it, less and less water reaches the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea has no outlets.
What country in the Middle East is completely landlocked?
Why is the Strait of Hormuz an important waterway?
Any ships coming out of or into the Persian Gulf must navigate through the very narrow Strait of Hormuz, located at one end of the Persian Gulf.
This waterway connects the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Sea.
How did the Suez Canal influence those who lived around the world?
The Persian Gulf is one of the main ways oil is shipped from the rich fields of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and other countries that line its shores.All of the countries that produce oil in that region depend on the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz, and the Suez Canal as a shipping route.
Describe the climate of the Middle East.
The countries of the Middle East generally have a very hot and dry climate.Because there are coastal areas as well as a number of large rivers, other parts of this region have enough water to support agriculture and towns and cities of significant size.
hot and dry with some rainfall
hot and dry with little rainfall
a piece of land surrounded by water on 3 sides
very expensive process of removing salt from seawater
moving water from one place to another for farming
using technology to measure the exact amount of water each plant should receive
where the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers meet
What is the event that lead to the first deaf president being elected at Gallaudet University known as?
What religion do many Russians follow?
Describe the significant events and developments in the history of Central and Southwest Asia
According to the authors of your textbook, globalization is the most fundamental reorganization of our planet's social and economic structures since which event?
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