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kinetic energy due to straight lines


kinetic energy due to the particles rotating


energy in which molecules are very close range that are vibrating

thermal energy

is the total kinetic and potential energies of the atom or molecules of a substance


is a measure of the energy transferred from a hot body to a colder one.


measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules


the transfer of energy through the collision of molecules. It takes place only when there is a difference of temperature. heate flows from the higher temperature to the lower. not vise versa

temp difference, size and shape of material, kind of material

the rate at which heat flows depends on 3 things


the transfer of heat through the mass movement of molecules from one place to another.

conduction molecules move through only small distance and convection molecules move through large distances

what is the difference between conduction moleculs and convection molecules


does not require the presence of matter. energy from the sun is carried to the earth through the process of radiation

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