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38 terms

APUSH Chapter 29

1969-1980
STUDY
PLAY
Richard Nixon
President Nixon was interested in international relations more than domestic policy, became isolated in the White House.
Henry Kissinger
Nixons national security adviser and secretary of state later.
Vietnamization
Nixon slowly withdrew US troops from southern Korea and gave the South Koreans money and training to fight North Kore by themselves.
Nixon Doctrine
Declared that future Asian allies would receive US support but not by ground forces.
Kent State
4 youths died in a protest of Nixons invasion of Cambodia; Ohio.
My Lai
1968 massacre of women and children by US troops in My Lai - Vietnam village.
Pentagon Papers
Papers in New York Times documenting the mistakes of the US in the Vietnam war.
Paris Accords of 1973
promised cease fire and free elections in North Vietnam
detente
a deliberate reduction of Cold War tensions
China visit
Nixon visited China to improve relations with "red" communist China
Soviet Union; Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
US came to an agreement with the Soviets on the number of nuclear ballistics missiles they could have
New Federalism
Nixon's idea to give more power to states ; gave them block grants
stagflation
slow economic growth and high inflation ; 1970
southern strategy
Nixon tried to get more people to join the Republicans
Warren Burger
Nixon named him Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court ; was conservative
George McGovern
Democrat running against Nixon in 1972 election ; was against war but lost very badly in the election
Watergate ; articles of impeachment
Nixon and his party were being questioned after being named for having part to do with criminal cover-ups
United States v. Nixon
Nixon was ordered to give tapes that would have evidence of his mischivious activity
War Powers Act (1973)
decreased presidents powers as commander in chieft ; has to report to congress before war actions are taken, etc.
Middle East War (1973)
US sent over supplies to Isreal to help them in a war against the Egyptians and Syrians; Israelites won
OPEC; oil embargo
1973 Arab's cut of oil supply to US and other parts of world as punishment for US helping the Israelites
Gerald Ford
first non-elected president; replaced Nixon after he resigned.
Cambodia; Khmer Rouge
President Ford ordered attack on Cambodian naval base to save US ship Mayaguez ; 39 saved but 38 Marines died.
Bicentennial
celebration of US's 200th anniversary as a country
James Earl Carter
39th President ; Democrat
human rights
human rights advocated by Andrew Young ; appointed by James Carter as ambassador to United Nations
Panama Canal Treaty
1978 - A treaty to eventually give control of the Panama Canal from the US to the Panamanians by the year 2000.
Camp David Accords
1978 -, Peace talks between Egypt and Israel that James Carter helped work between the two.
Iran; hostage crisis
Carter's unsuccessful attempt to free 50 American hostages in Iran over the oil crisis
Afghanistan invasion
Soviets invaded Afghanistan which ended the friendly relations between the US and soviets; embargo's were placed on them
Immigration Act (1965)
ended ethnic quota acts of the 1920s favoring Europeans and opened US to immigrants from everywhere.
Immigration Reform and Control Act
outlawed hiring of undocumented immigrants in US by gave status to immigrants who had lived in US for 5+ years (update of 1965 immigration act)
Mexican Americans
Many came to US after great depression,starting as agricultural workers and some working their way up to positions in office.
Cezar Chavez
a civil rights leader for Mexicans who led boycotts
American Indian Movement
Native American's protesting for equal rights ; took oover Wounded Kneww in protest
Asian Americans
fastest growing minority in the US in 1980's,most from Chinese descent.Some had very good jobs and well educated while many others earned below the nations average
Gay liberation movement
Protest to stop discrimination on gay's and lesbians.
Clean Air act/Clean water act
Act's passed in early 1970's to help preserve the clean air/water in Earth