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Humanities Test 4

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1400s-1550 C.E. Florence, Italy
when and where the Renaissance began
The Reformation
a movement started by Martin Luther to reform the Catholic Church
the Age of Enlightenment
increased toleration for others, advanced rule by human and natural law, increased secular trends
Renaissance art
involved individualism, revived Classical styles and emotion
Rome
center of the High Renaissance
Neoclassical
late 1700s and 1800s, refers back to classical period, grandeur of antiquity.
Baroque
1600s to 1700s, opulent, intricate, ornate, colorful, appeal to emotions, overwhelming art, geometric patterns, absolutism
absolutism
each person governs own life. in art - subordinating single parts to a whole to complete complex highly unified design
Rococo
began in 1720, increasingly superficial, delicate, lacking grandeur, themes of love, sentiment, pleasure, and sincerity
DaVinci, Michelangelo, Titian, Flemish
main painters of the Renaissance
Michelangelo
painted the Sistine Chapel
William Shakespeare
most famous playwright of the Renaissance/Baroque period
Classical
music of the 1700-1800s
Thomas Jefferson's architectural style
Monticello is a building created by Jefferson in the Neoclassical style
Phillis Wheatley
A slave who was given freedom to learn to read and write and became a poet
bonheur
studied carcasses of cows
The Sorrows of Young Werther
work began Romanticism in literature
music during the Romantic period
beautiful, emotional, lyrical, and expressive melody
Tchaikovsky, Franz Schubert, Richard Wagner, Richard Strauss, Chopin, Brahms
main composers during the Romantic period
ballet during the Romantic period
dangerous, subjective viewpoint and feeling compared to reason. choreographers sought magic and fantasy
Picturesque architecture
pretty as a picture with elements of fantasy
invention of photography
caused more creativity in artists
rodin, monet, renoir
main artists of Impressionism
How George Seurat painted his pictures
with pointelles, lots of dots
Monet's painting habits
set up many canvases at once
purpose of slave music
secret messages and work rythyms created
Blue Nude
Fauvism
Braques and Picasso
best known Cubist painters
elevator
major invention that aided modern architecture
modern period of art
1900 to WWII
Fauvism
appeared in 1905, violent distortion and outrageous coloring, closely related to expressionist movement
Cubism
1901-1912 noted for geometry of its forms
Pop Art
1950s, emphasis on forms and imagery of mass culture
Futurism
focuses on energy, noise, speed, movement
Expressionism
movement in Germany 1905 - 1930, artist viewer response
Grant Wood
Realist painter
Jackson Pollock and Helen Frankenthaler
Abstract Expressionists
modern music
complexity, dissonance, and rejection of tradition, odd tonalities
Postmodern sculpture
mixing of media
Confessionalism
tells the intimate details of the poet or writer in an autobiographical way
Ybor City - Tampa
known for Cuban-American art and culture
Harlem Renaissance
Early 1900 African-American art movement