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6th grade mathematics Chapter 1 "Algebra: Number Patterns and Functions" Vocabulary
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Terms in this set (23)
factors
When multiplication occurs, the numbers that are multiplied are these of the product
prime number
A whole number that has exactly two unique factors, 1 and the number itself
composite number
A number greater than 1 with more than two factors
prime factorization
The expression of a composite number as the product of prime numbers
base
The number used as a factor in an exponent
exponent
The number that indicates how many times the base is used as a factor
powers
Numbers expressed using exponents
numerical expression
A combination of numbers and operations
order of operations
This tells you which operation to perform first so that everyone finds the same value
algebra
A language of symbols, including variables
variable
A symbol, usually a letter, used to represent a number
algebraic expression
Combinations of variables, numbers, and at least one operation
evaluate
To find the value of
function
A relationship that assigns exactly one output value to one input value
function table
A way to organize the input-output values of a function
equation
A sentence that contains an equals sign
equals sign
=
solve
To replace a variable with a value that results in a true sentence for an equation
solution
The value of the variable that one solves for in an equation
area
The number of square units needed to cover a surface
formula
An equation that show the relationships among certain quantities
squared
Raising a value to the second power
cubed
Raising a value to the third power
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