10th Chapter 16
Terms in this set (42)
What is the basic difference between the American and French revolutions?
the American movement was conservative; the French, radical
What established civil authority for the Plymouth Colony?
Why did England allow early religious nad politcial liberty in the colonies?
the English government had focused their attention on matters in other parts of the world
When did the British begin placing restrictions on the colonies?
after a series of wars on the European continent
Between 1763 and 1774, Parliament passed laws placing restritions on colonial what?
Why did the colonies resented the parliamentary laws (1763-1774)?
they violated colonial charters, the colonial assemblies claimed the power to tax and parliament was invading the internal affairs of the colonies
Which came first? Battles of Lexington and Concord; Battle of Saratoga; the Constitution; the Declaration of Independence
Battles of Lexington and Concord
What does popular sovereignty mean?
government by the consent of the governed
What does the Old Regime refer to?
order before the French Revolution
What caused the French Revolution?
heavy taxation of the poor; the incompetence of Louis XV and Louis XVI and France's bankrupt condition
The taille, the capitation, and the vingtieme were what?
types of taxes
Once the Estates-General convened, what was the biggest issue?
number of votes each estate would receive
The Tennis Court Oath declared that the delegates fo the Third Estate would NOT disband until what happened?
a written constitution was established
What even symbolized the downfall of the Old Regime?
the storming of the Bastille
Which 1789 French document lists the national rights of all peopple and the rights possessed by citizens?
Declaration of the Rights of Man
What did the mobs protesting food shortages do?
storm Versailles; murder 2 of the king's guards; force the king and his family back to Paris
Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Americans?
because the French decided to support the colonists
What did the Civil Constitiution of the Clergy do?
placed the church under state control; provided for the election of all the clergy by the people; required the clergy to take an oath of loyalty to the state
Sans-culottes included what?
Paris workers; wearers of full-length trousers; those dissatisfied with the new constitution
What is NOT true of the Brunswick Manifesto?
It restored the people's trust in Louis XVI
What was the purpose of teh Reign of Terror?
to get rid of the opposition to the revolution
What is illustrated by the saying "a revolution devours its own"?
arrest and death of Robespierre and his followers
What is NOT true of the Directory?
It solved the French problem of bankruptcy
What was Napoleon's most famous and enduring accomplishment?
the Code Napoleon
What did Napoleon NOT accomplish?
the establishment of a republic
What was the Continental System designed to do?
cut off trade with England
Who was king of England during the American Revolution?
What term in government describes the delegation of specified powers to the national government and reservation of all other powers for the state governments?
What term describes the French system of forced labor?
What French term means a list of grievances?
What were workers in Paris who wore full-length trousers called?
What was the mobilization for battle of the entire French nation called?
levee en masse
What was the famous mehod of execution used during the French Revolution?
What term means a sudden and illegal seizure of power?
Which battle was "Napoleon's greatest triumph"?
To what place was Napoleon finally exiled?
prominent Jacobin executed by Robespierre
king during the French Revolution
First Consul for life
Duke of Wellington
victorious general at Waterloo