APWH 35: Nationalism & Political Identities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America

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decolonization
The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence.
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party during the Long March and the Chinese communist revolution. Also responsible for the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.
Muslim League
An organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations.
Mohandas Gandhi
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader in India's independence movement. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
nonviolence
Peaceful resistance, often via fasting or refusing to cooperate.
dollar diplomacy
Term used to describe the efforts of the US to further its foreign policy through use of economic power by guaranteeing loans to foreign countries.
United Fruit Company
Powerful international corporation based in the U.S. Basically controlled many nations, often with the support of the U.S. military. For example, when the government of Guatemala wanted to take their land, the U.S. intervened and overthrew the government.
banana republic
A weak Latin American nation with single-crop agriculture. Because of this, they were sometimes controlled by foreign corporations.
Diego Rivera
Mexican painter of murals who used his art to further socialist ideals (1886-1957).
nationalize
To bring industries or land under the ownership or control of a nation.
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations with Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region.