APWH 36: New Conflagrations: World War II and the Cold War
An act of especial cruelty or malice.
The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime.
Prisoners of War
Soldiers captured by the enemy.
A bombing technique that destroys a target through the use of fire. Began to be widely used during WWII.
A nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission (splitting the nuclei of a heavy element like uranium 235 or plutonium 239).
The period of time following World War II when the U.S. and U.S.S.R. faced each other in a series of ideological challenges, technological/arms races, and proxy wars.
An international organization created in 1949 by the United States to defend against possible Soviet attack. Relied on the concept of collective security (an attack on one of us is an attack on all of us).
The Soviet answer to NATO. A collective-security agreement between the Soviet Union and its satellite nations. Relied on the concept of collective security (an attack on one of us is an attack on all of us).
During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants - but did not directly attack the other superpower.
Social process of neutralizing the influence of Joseph Stalin by revising his policies, removing monuments dedicated to him, and renaming places named in his honor.
Fictional British spy invented during the Cold War by novelist Ian Fleming. A perfect example of Cold War fiction, this spy represents the ideal Westerner intellectually, physically, and technologically.
Easing of tensions during the Cold War, after the U.S. and U.S.S.R. realized that the Cuban Missile Crisis almost caused WWIII.
An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A 1948 statement in which the United Nations declared that all human beings have rights to life, liberty, and security.
International Criminal Court
A court established by the United Nations that is designed to prevent perpetrators of crimes against humanity from escaping unprosecuted.
International Monetary Fund
UN agency designed to promote international economic cooperation and keep free trade flowing. Invented because many countries reacted to the Great Depression by increasing the number of protective tariffs, which hurt all nations involved.
Created to help rebuild after WWII, this organization now works both to reconstruct after wars and to assist in the progress of developing nations.
World Health Organization
UN agency designed to promote and improve the health of all citizens of earth.