Excelsior U.S. History Unit 8 (Ch. 23)

Cesar Chavez
Political activist who believed in nonviolent protest and got the Latino farm workers to unionize in order to bargain as a group. After the boycott of California produce, they gained negotiating power.
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee
The committee which sought to unionize the Latino farm workers in California to obtain higher wages as well as other benefits long denied them which was started by Cesar Chavez.
La Raza Unida
The independent political party (Mexican-Americans United) established by Jose Angel Gutierrez which won elections for mayors, city councilmen, school boards, and other public offices.
American Indian Movement (AIM)
An often militant Native American rights organization formed in 1968 as a self-defense group against police brutality, and to actively confront the federal government, but branched out to include protecting to rights of the populations.
The Indian Education Act
Gave greater control over the education of Native Americans to Native American tribes.
Declaration of Indian Purpose
A 1961 document which focused on the rights of the Native Americans to determine their own course and their own ways.
Betty Friedan
Author of "The Feminine Mystique" who addressed the "problem that has no name". It inspired many women to seek greater equality in the family and the workforce.
The belief that women should have economic, political and social equality with men. The modern movement became more organized after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed.
National Organization for Women (NOW)
The organization created by women to pursue women's goals which included education and jobs which were not adequately addressed in the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Gloria Steinem
The journalist and activist who started "Ms" magazine to write about contemporary issues from a feminine perspective.
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
The Congressional Amendment which was passed in 1972 which guarantees both men and women would enjoy the same rights and protections under the law.
"The Feminine Mystique"
Written by Betty Friedan, this book inspired many women to seek greater equality in the family and the workforce.
Phyllis Schlafly
A conservative woman who opposed the ERA and believed that radical feminine activists would eventually destroy traditional women's roles. She fought to defeat the Equal Rights Amendment.
A movement made up of mostly white, middle class, college youths disillusioned by the war in Vietnam and the injustice of the 1960s. Instead of challenging it, they turned their backs on it and established a new system based on peace and love. The Conservative reaction to this movement, by placing blame on them for the increasing permissiveness in society, helped get Nixon elected President.
The area in San Francisco known as the hippie capital where many hippies lived in communes, renouncing private property and experimenting with a variety of drugs and religious experiences.
Hippie Movement
The hippie subculture began its development as a youth movement in the United States during the early 1960s and then developed around the world. They rejected the traditional rules and roles of the previous generations and they were characterized by their long hair, their love of rock music, and their experimentation with illegal drugs, among other things.
The Beatles
The British band that helped propel rock music into mainstream America.
A music festival in August 1969 on a farm in upstate New York where over 400,000 people showed up for three days of the most popular musicians of the era.
New Right
Group that played a key role in helping Reagan become President.

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