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APUSH Ch. 1 Test: Questions
Terms in this set (32)
what are 2 theories on how humans came to populate america?
1. crossing an ancient land bridge over the Bering Strait
2. by boat
what is the difference between central american and northern american native civilizations?
central americans had more advanced technologies and permanent civilations and northern americans had mobil civilizations who moved when the animals moved
what is some evidence that suggests early meso-american people had an advanced civilization?
they built aqueducts, public buildings, schools, a military, a medical system, a slave work, and a written language
what are a few north american societies that existed before europeans?
eskimos, pacific northwestern tribes, southwestern tribes, woodland indians
what are some areas where conflict arose between natives and europeans?
religion, roles of women
what were the roles for men and women in native civilizations?
women were out farming while the men were hunting, fighting or resting, men and women could both choose their mates and leave as they please
what changes in europe made overseas exploration possible?
population growth, increase in prosperity, mew merchant class, trade increase, advanced shipbuilding, new monarchy government
why did europeans expand into unknown parts of the world?
increase trade, grow their empire, find shorter ways to travel, discover new land
who supported columbus' journey?
queen isabella and king ferdinand
what was given to columbus for his first journey?
3 ships (the nina, santa maria, and pinta) and 90 men
how many journeys did columbus make?
how long did columbus' journey to america take?
where did columbus think he landed and where did he actually land?
he landed in cuba thinking it was china
where did columbus leave a small and short lived colony?
Hispanola with 39 crewmembers and called it Navidad
what was the attitude of columbus' crew?
they were frustrated with him, thought they were going to never find land and die at sea, they wanted to throw him overboard, wanted to turn around, panicking
when did columbus reach the new world?
october 12, 1492
how does columbus describe the natives?
"their appearance gave no appearance of either wealth or civilization, for they were entirely naked. and painted with a variety of colors", uncivilized, ignorant, savages, but no values on gold
what were the natives reaction to seeing columbus?
they had assumed the ships had either come from the sky or the water, they were scared, gave gifts so they wouldn't be killed
in the 1820s how was columbus seen vs in the 1980s?
in the 1820s (the romanticism era) columbus was seen as a hero and in the 1980s the truth came out on how he treated natives
what was the name of the native people?
what was columbus looking for when he landed?
gold, jewels, silver, spices
what are some ways columbus treated natives?
he took women and children for sex and labor, took many for slavery, forced indian boys to find gold and when they came back with none their hands were cut off and they bled to death, sliced them to test their blades, killed boys for fun
why was spain the first european nation to establish an empire in the new world?
they began to consider it a possible source of wealth instead of an obstacle to get to the east
what are the 3 phases of spanish-empire buliding?
discovery and exploration, age of conquistadors, ordinances of discovery
what impact did europeans have on the native people?
brought diseases such as small pox and influenza (millions died), they introduced new crops and livestock, learned spanish and portuguese, introduced christianity
what impact did native people have on europeans?
they learned new agricultural techniques, discovered new crops such as corn
why did the english overtime have the most influence on natives even though the french and spanish had more land?
english men did not mix cultures with the natives, they brought women over so men did not marry native women, the french and spanish married into tribes
how were early british colonial expeditions to the new world financed?
people created joint stock companies
how did the protestant reformation affect european society?
many men and women began to question the church, intellectual fermentation was created
how did britain's experience in irelands provide a model for colonization in the new world?
the irish fought back and could not be tamed, they learned the english settlements in distant lands must be separate from native, they built a society of their own instead of subduing the natives
what sort of relationship did the french form with the natives?
the lived among them and often married into their families to enhance fur trade
what do historians think probably happened to the lost colony at roanoke?
they were slaughtered by the indians in retaliation for their hostilities or they joined native society
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