65 terms

AP History Practice

The origins of the women's rights movement in the United States may be traced to a. Seneca Falls Convention, b. Niagara Movement, c. National Woman's party, d. temperance movement, e. outbreak of WWI
a. Seneca Falls Convention
The economic policy that looked at colonies to provide raw materials, trade, and riches was called a. mercantilism, b. manifest destiny, c. gospel of wealth, d. dollar diplomacy, e. imperialism
a. mercantilism
The progressive movement did little to protect the rights of a. consumers, b. african americans, c. women, d. immigrants, e. city dwellers
b. african americans
'Small islands not capable of protecting themselves are the proper objects for kingdoms to take under their care; but there is something very absurd in supposing a continent to be perpetually governed by an island.These words were written in the 1770s by a. William Pitt, b. Thomas Paine, c. John Locke, d. George Washington, e. Lord North
b. Thomas Paine
All of the following actions in the English colonies during the early colonial period suggest a tendency toward democracy Except a. Mayflower Compact, b. Penn's Charter of Privileges, c. Dominion of New England, d. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, e. Virginia House of Burgesses
c. Dominion of New England
Of the Many Reform movements that developed from the 1820s to the Civil War, the one witht he most widespread popular support was concerned with a. Temperance, b. mental hospitals, c. slavery, d. education, e. women's rights
a. temperance
The 1945 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka basically overturned the earlier decision in a. Gideon v. Wainright, b. Plessy v. Ferguson, c. McCulloch v. Maryland, d. Fibbons v. Ogden, e. Dred Scott v. Sandford
b. Plessy v. Ferguson
Of the following, the one with the most far-reaching influence on American society's development in the post-WWII period was the a. GI Bill, b. baby boom, c. Taft-Hartley Act, d. Fair Deal program, e. Employment Act
b. baby boom
In his interpretations of the Constitution, Chief Justice John Marshall consistently stressed the importance of a. individual rights, b. balancing state and federal power, c. establishing judicial review, d. strict constructions, e. a strong central government
e. a strong central government
All of the following are associated with he cultural developments of the 1920s EXCEPT a. jazz, b. romanticism, c. Harlem renaissance, d. lost generation, e. functionalism
b. romanticism
The most prominent consideration by presidents Hoover and Roosevelt in their diplomatic policy in the 1930s was a. economics, b. isolationism, c. Fascist aggression, d. expansionism, e. support for democracy
a. economics
In the first half of the 19th century, Emerson, Thoreau, and others wrote about transcendentalism, which included all of the following beliefs EXCEPT that. materialistic concerds should be challenged, b. the pursuit of wealth was questionable, c. self-reliance was essential, d. independent thinking was vital, e. organized institutions were imortant
e. organized institutions were important
The post WWII civil rights movement used all of the following tactics to achieve equality EXCEPT a. establishing a third political party, b. filing lawsuits in federal courts, c. securing passage of federal equal-rights legislation, d. organizing boycotts, e. staging sit-ins
a. establishing a third political party
The independent farmer as the cornerstone of a strong nation was at the center of government policy for a. John Adams, b. Alexander Hamilton, c. Thomas Jefferson, d. Benjamin Franklin, e. George Washington
c. Thomas Jefferson
By the end of the 1950s, many saw a growing internal threat to American democracy. President Dwight Eisenhower in his farewell address warned about the dangers of the a. quest for material goods, b. segregation in the South, c. worldwide threat of communism, d. power of the military-industrial complex, e. decline of family values
d. power of the military-industrial complex
The primary goal of France in supporting the American Revolution was to a. assist the spread of the Catholic religion, b. weaken the British Empire, c. control the fur trade, d. regain Canada, e. increase its exports
b. weaken the British Empire
During the Gilded Age, at the end of the 19th century, the question that received the Least attention from the Democratic and Republican parties was a. tariffs, b. regulation of big business, c. money, Greenbacks, and silver, d. agrarian discontent, e. equality for women and minorities
b. regulation of big business
Which of the following are examples of legislation enacted under President Wilson's New Freedom program? a. Forest Reserve Act and Platt Amendment, b. Newlands Act and Pure Food and Drug Act, c. Underwood Tariff and Federal Reserve Act, d. Payne-Aldrich Tariff and Teller Amendment, e. Mann-Elkins Act and Kellogg-Briand Pact
c. Underwood Tariff and Federal Reserve Act
During the Cold War, United States foreign policy was guided by all of the following concepts EXCEPT a. containment, b. domino theory, c. massive retaliation, d. flexible response, e. peaceful coexistence
e. peaceful coexistence
Of most significance in the Benjamin West painting of the peace negotiators at the end of the Revolution, shown on page 684, is the a. movement away from folk art, b. exclusion of the French representatives, c. missing British negotiators, suggesting unresolved problems, d. absence of women, who were excluded from political decision-making, e. development of native-born American artists
c. missing British negotiators, suggesting unresolved problems
Of the many New Deal agencies established by President Franklin Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression, the one that does NOT exist today is the a. Tennessee Valley Authority, b. Civil Works Administration, c. Federal Housing Administration, d. Securities and Exchange Commission, E. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
b. civil works Administration
In the 1920s and 1930s, isolationists often cited the words and warnings of a. James Madison, b. James Monroe, c. George Washington, d. Theodore Roosevelt, e. Woodrow Wilson
C. George Washington
In the United States, tariffs have long been debated and policies often changed. Which of the following is an INCORRECT statement of U.S. tariff policy? a. 1789, Hamilton's protective tariff, b. 1816, protective tariffs after the War of 1812, c. 1828, increases, in "Tariff of Abominations", d. 1888, Cleveland's campaign for tariff reduction, e. 1890, McKinley Tariff reductions
e. 1890 McKinley Tariff reductions
Leading up to the Civil War, all of the following increased tensions between the North and South EXCEPT a. attach on Senator Charles Sumner, b. Fugitive Slave Act, c. Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, d. rise of the Know-Nothing party, e. John Brown's raid
d. rise of the Know-Nothing party
The early foreign policy of President Franklin Roosevelt was by necessity based on pressing domestic concerns. This is reflected in hi8s actions regarding all of the following EXCEPT the a. London Economic Conference, b. recognition of the Soviet Union, c. reciprocal trade agreements, d. Philippine independence, e. Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.
e. Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
Intervention by the United States in Latin American affairs was specifically justified by the a. Roosevelt Corollary, b. Monroe Doctrine, c. writing of Alfred T. Mahan, d. moral diplomacy of Woodrow Wilson, e. Open Door Policy
a. Roosevelt Corollary
The war hawks were a group of youjg congressmen who called for military action against a. Mexico in 1914, b. Spain in 1819, c. Great Britain in 1812, d. Germany in 1917, e. Japan in 1937
c. Great Britain in 1812
All of the following were minority presidents, winning the presidency while receiving less than 50 percent of the total popular vote. Which president won while receiving fewer electoral and popular votes than one of his opponents? a. John Quincy Adams, b. James Buchanan, c. Abraham Lincoln, d. Grover Cleveland, e. Woodrow Wilson
a. John Quincy Adams
In Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes ruled that free speech could be limited when it represented a "clear and present danger." THis ruling was made during a. Haymarked Riot period, b. Red Scare in 1919, c. Bonus March, d. WWI, e. WWII
d. WWI
Which of the following was the definitive foreign policy concern of President Woodrow Wilson, over which he was unwilling to make any compromises? a. national self-determination, b. freedom of the seas, c. moral diplomacy, d. Fourteen Points, e. League of Nations
e. League of Nations
In facing their many problems at the end of the 19th century, American farmers were aided by a. the Republican party, b. increased tariffs, c. limits on crop production, d. government price supports, e. the Interstate Commerce Act
e. the Interstate Commerce Act
The major philosophical influence on the American leaders for independence from Great Britain was a. Thomas Hobbes' divine-right theory, b. Plato's Republic, c. Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations, d. John Locke's natural rights theory, e. Thomas Paine's Common Sense
d. John Locke's natural rights theory
The most difficult problem of the depression of the 1930s for President Franklin Roosevelt and his New Deal to correct was a. unemployment, b. banking practices, c. stock market speculations, d. agricultural overproduction, e. public cynicism and apathy
a. unemployment
During the first half of the 19th century, the fastest growing influence on the nation was industrialization, b. racism, c. nativism, d. revivalism, e. sectionalism
d. revivalism
During the Civil War, the United States for the first time in its history had a. a military draft, b. women serving in the army, c. African Americans serving in the army, d. paper money, e. excise taxes
a. a military draft
The economic issue that was LEAST important in the United States between 1968 and 1980 was a. a balanced federal budget, b. growing unemployment, c. increasing trade deficits, d. high interest rates, e. inflation
c. increasing trade deficits
In the 1950s, American society was criticized for its a. declining interest in religion, b. increasing number of working mothers, c. intellectualism, d. conformity and lost individualism
d. conformity and lost individualism
At the end of the 19th century, Henry Hobson Richardson and his Romanesque style transformed American a. poetry, b. music, c. architecture, d. literature, e. painting
c. architecture
The issue that caused the greatest division in American society during the 1960s and 1970s was the a. environmental movement, b. sexual revolution, c. women's movement, d. New Left, e. Vietnam War
e. Vietnam War
The Black power movement and the Black Muslims of the 1960s and 1970s found inspiration for the ideas of selfhelp, racial pride, and separatism in the words of a. Marcus Garvey, b. Martin Luther King Jr., c. Booker T Washington, d. W.E.B. Du Bois, e. A. Philip Randolph
a. Marcus Garvey
Justification for the vast differences between the rich and the poor in the late 19th century could be found in the a. Jeffersonian tradition, b. frontier thesis of Frederick Jackson Turner, c. gospel of wealth, d. writings of Henry George, e. social gospel
c. gospel of wealth
During Reconstruction, the Radical Republicans would have described their primary social goal as a. domination of the South, b. extending equal rights to African American freedmen and women, c. establishing permanent domination by the Republican party, d. implementing the plans of President Lincoln, e. guaranteeing control of national economic policy by northern businessmen
b. extending equal rights to African-American freedmen and women
A major difference between the two periods immediately preceding the world wars was that for most Americans in 1941 there was no a. desire to make the world safe for democracy, b. dislike of the German government, c. concern for peace, d. submarine threat, e. economic relationship with England
a. desire to make the world safe for democracy
The presidential election that is credited with ending the era of the ideals of Jefferson and Jackson and starting a new age of national politics dominated by big business, urban life, and middle-class values was a. 1879 Hayes and Tilden, b. 1884 Cleveland and Blaine, c. 1896 McKinley and Bryan, d. 1904 Roosevelt and Parker, e. 1912 Wilson Roosevelt and Taft
c. 1896 McKinley and Bryan
In the period immediately following WWI, most Americans could agree to support a. unions, b. immigration c. withdrawing from foreign alliances, d. teaching the theory of evolution, e. prohibition
c. withdrawing from foreign alliances
The issue that figured most prominently in the nullification crisis during Jackson's presidency was a. slavery, b. political party rivalries, c. states' rights, d. tariff fairness, e. sectionalism
c. states' rights
The Cold War crisis that brought the United States and the Soviet Union into direct confrontation with eh threat of nuclear war was a. placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba, b. U-2 spyplane incident, c. Berlin airlift, d. Berlin Wall, e. Bay of Pigs invasion
a. placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba
With the Revolution of 1800, the Democratic-Republicans and Thomas Jefferson gained control of the national government from the Federalists and a. ended neutrality in foreign policy, b. repealed excise and whiskey taxes, c. eliminated the National Bank, d. restructured the Supreme Court, e. stopped debt repayment.
b. repealed excise and whiskey taxes
"Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute" was the rallying cry by Americans in response to a. German submarine attacks, b. Stamp Act, c. British impressment, d. XYZ Affair, e. Barbary pirates
d. XYZ affair
Which of the following is a correct statement about Abraham Lincoln's primary goal at the beginning of the Civil War? a. emancipate the slaves, b. ensure federal supremacy over states' rights, c. maintain Republican party control of Congress, d. unite the North and the West, e. restore the Union
e. restore the Union
When founded, the first political parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, had clear positions on all of the following issues EXCEPT a. national debt, b. French Revolution, c. national bank, d. tariffs, e. slavery
e. slavery
During the 1920s, there was a dramatic rise in the membership and influence of the a. American Federation of Labor, b. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, c. America First Committee, d. Ku Klux Klan, e. Socialist party
d. Ku Klux Klan
Increased popular interest in religion in America is reflected in all of the following movements EXCEPT a. fundamentalism, b. Social Gospel, c. Great Awakening, d. Revivalism, e. social Darwinism
e. social Darwinism
The minority group whose economic status and civil rights were diminished during WWII were a. African Americans, b. Japanese Americans, c. Mexican Americans, d. Native Americans, e. women
b. Japanese Americans
Which of the land acquisitions by the United States was accompanies by the least turmoil and controversy? a. Gadsden Purchase, b. Oregon country, c. Texas, d. Florida, e. Mexican Cession
a. Gadsden Purchase
After over 150 years, the United States tradition of avoiding "entangling European alliances" was ended by participation in the a. Marshall Plan, b. United Nations, c. North Atlantic Treaty Organization, d. World Bank, e. occupation of Germany
c. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Which of the following political developments during the age of Jackson did the LEAST to promote democracy? a. party nominating conventions, b. "kitchen cabinet", c. universal manhood suffrage, d. popular vote for presidential elections, e. rotations of officeholders and spoils system
b. "kitchen cabinet"
Which of the following sources would be most useful in studying the development of religious freedom during the colonial period? a. Massachusetts Circular Letter, b. Act of Toleration, c. Halfway Covenant, d. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, e. John Locke's Theory of natural law
b. Act of Toleration
"It is to be regretted that the rich and powerful too often bend the acts of government to their selfish purposes," In defending the rights of the common people during his first term, President Andrew Jackson used these words as part of a message regarding the a. Bank of the United States charter veto, b. nullification crisis, c. Tariff of Abominations, d. Supreme Court's Indian removal decision, e. Maysville road veto
a. Bank of the United States charter veto
War and the expansionism by the United States in the 19th century took land from and caused lasting resentment in a. Canada, b. Mexico, c. Spain, d. Cuba, e. Philippines
b. Mexico
Which of the following decisions or actions by President Franklin Roosevelt caused the greatest controversy and opposition during his presidency? a running for a third term in office, b. lend-lease program, c. Supreme Court reorganization plan, d. bank holiday, e. Japanese trade embargo
c. Supreme Court reorganization plan
"During the early 19th century, the United States economy gradually changed from agricultural to industrial." Each of the following developments supports this statement EXCEPT the a. growth of the Democratic-Republican party, b. improvements in transportation, c. increase in European immigration d. incorporation laws, e. rapid rise in number of patents granted
a. growth of the Democratic-Republican party
President Franklin Roosevelt achieved a recognized diplomatic success with his a. resolution of the Panay incident, b. Japanese trade embargo, c. quarantine speech, d. cash-and-carry program, e. good-neighbor policy in Latin America
e. good-neighbor policy in Latin America
Reconstruction after the Civil War ended with the a impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, b. passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th constitutional amendments, c. presidential election of 1876, rise of the Ku Klux Klan, e. passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1866
c. presidential election of 1876
A significant effort to preserve Native American tribal traditions and self-rule was made by the a. Lewis and Clark Expedition, b. Dawes Act of 1887, c. Worcester v Georgia ruling of Justice John Marshall, d Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, e. "termination policy" of Dwight Eisenhower
d. Indian Reorganization Act of 1934