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20 terms

Anatomy & Physiology Quiz #9- Endocrine system

A & P for LPN program
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Most hormones are
Released upon stimulation by other hormones
Growth hormone
Promotes growth in long bones and skeletal muscle
What is NOT part of an anterior pituitary hormone
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
The hormone that stimulates follicle development by female ovaries and sperm development by male testes is
Follicle- stimulating hormone
Hypersecretion of growth hormone after long bone growth has ended (as an adult) is called
Acromegaly
Releasing and inhibiting hormones produced by the hypothalamus influence the activities of the
Anterior pituitary gland
An enlargement of the thyroid gland resulting from a deficiency of dietary iodine is called
Goiter
What hormone prods the thyroid gland to release thyroxine
Thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH)
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of
Antidiuertic hormone (ADH)
What is the body's major metabolic hormone
Thyroid hormone
What element is necessary in the diet for proper thyroid function
Iodine
Hyposecretion of thyroxine in childhood leads to a disease called
Cretinism
What hormone regulates calcium levels in the body
Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone
Rising blood levels of aldosterone cause the kidney tubules to
Reabsorb sodium
Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreatic islets called
beta cells
What hormone decreases blood glucose levels
Insulin
What hormone appears to help regulate our sleep-wake cycle
Melatonin
The hormone that is responsible for the maturation of white blood cells known as T lymphocytes is
Thymosin
The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called
Interstitial cells
What hormone is produced by the placenta that stimulates the ovaries to continue producing estrogen and progesterone
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)