29 terms

Functional Groups

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Alkane
single bonds only (all sp3 carbons)
Alkene
contains a double bond (Csp2-Csp2/Cp-Cp)
Alkyne
contains a triple bond (Csp-Csp/2 Cp-Cp)
Aromatic or Arene
6 member-ed ring with alternating double bonds (abr. phenyl)
Cycloalkyl
alkyl groups in a ring
Haloalkanes
contains a halogen (F,Cl,Br,I)
Alcohols
OH group
Alkoxide
deprotonated alcohol
Ethers
oxygen in the middle of a carbon chain (can be cyclic)
Peroxide
oxygen-oxygen single bond
Thiols
sulfur analog of alcohols
Thioether
sulfur analog of ethers
Disulfide
sulfur analog of peroxide
Thiolate
deprotonated thiol
Aldehyde
carbonyl directly bound to H
Ketone
carbonyl with a C chain on each side
Ester
carbonyl bound to O with alkyl chain
Lactone
cyclic ester
Carboxylic Acid
carbonyl with OH group
Carboxylate
deprotonated carboxylic acid
Anhydride
2 carbonyls with O in between
Acid Halide
carbonyl bound to halogen
Amide
carbonyl bound to Nitrogen
Lactam
cyclic amide
Amine
Nitrogen bound to carbon chain
Imine
Nitrogen analog of ketones+aldehydes
Enamine
N directly bound to alkene
Nitrile
carbon-nitrogen triple bond
Nitro Group
Nitrogen bound to 2 O in this form