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"The Significance of the Frontier in America"
written 1893, By Frederick Jackson- What Turner wants to point out here is that the American West is the most important feature of American history, and of the development of its society. He refers several times to a process of "Americanization" and we will see that the definition he gives of it is a very peculiar one. He gives a definition of the frontier: "it lies at the hither edge of free land", meaning that he considers the Indian territory to be free land. According to him the frontier is the "meeting point between savagery and civilization", "the most rapid and effective Americanization". The process of Americanization he refers to is in fact a double transformation of the society.
"The Gilded Age"
written 1873, by Mark Twain- a satirical novel written by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner. The novel comments on exploitation, manipulations, greed, and economic speculation during the post-Civil War reconstruction period. Apparently, the title of the book says it all, the gilded era.
The plot is set in Missouri, New York and Washington, D.C.. It relates to various shady dealings of unscrupulous individuals, from their personal relationships and carried over to their questionable dubious financial businesses.
"The Strenuous Life"
written 1899, by Teddy Roosevelt- An individual who puts great effort into his work and is not lazy, he claims, will be a success. It is the duty of someone who does not engage in manual labor for a living to devote himself to the arts or sciences. He uses the citizens of Chicago and Illinois as examples of people who embody such a spirit. Those who do not embrace the strenuous life, however, do not live meaningful lives.
As the speech continues, Roosevelt claims that the strenuous life can benefit not just the individual, but also the entire country. He advocates imperialism as an extension of the strenuous life. America must become involved in global affairs, or else it will suffer as a nation. America must be a powerful country, and it must exert this power if it sees fit. Such strength necessarily requires a strong military, and a strong military presence. Roosevelt's concluding words tie together the importance of the strenuous life in the individual and the nation.
"Lynch Law in America"
written 1900, by Ida B Wells- the misinformation about lynching that has deceived the public, and she provides counterevidence that reveals the real motivations and gruesome practices that lynching entails. Her article makes an urgent appeal for white Americans to reassess the wave of anti-black violence across the country and consider its implications for America's international standing and devotion to the rule of law.
"Shut the Door" Debate over Johnson- Reed Act 1924
Written 1924, By Ellison DuRant Smith- Immigration restriction
"New York City Speech"
Written 1928, By Herbert Hoover- a classic expression of the principle that government should leave the market and individuals alone. He delivered the speech a year before the Great Depression began, at a time when the U.S. economy was still quite strong. Although a number of market indicators—like new car sales and home construction starts—were already sliding, Hoover had reasons to brag that "we are nearer today to the ideal of the abolition of poverty and fear from the lives of men and women than ever before."
"Commonwealth Club Address"
Author: Franklin D. Roosevelt
helped define the election of 1932 as a watershed election and launch the New Deal revolution in American politics. In response to the Great Depression, Roosevelt, drawing from the Progressive critique of the Founding, proposed nothing less than a redefinition of fundamental rights and of the nature of the social contract.
Roosevelt describes America as alternately "new" and youthful but also exhausted. America's current economic exhaustion calls for an audacious government.
"Let America be America Again"
Author: Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes suggests that basic qualities which are associated with America- such as equality and opportunity are missing from the current America.
Author: Harry S. Truman
First established in 1947 after Britain no longer could afford to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey, it pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
"A Time to Break the Silence"
Author: Martin Luther King
Speech by MLK stating 7 reasons to leave Vietnam and criticizing America for being thing oriented and not people oriented
"Energy and National Goals"
Author: Jimmy Carter
Date: July 15, 1979.
Talks about what has happened in the last 3 years including the economy, war, the government, and especially the energy crisis. Everything that needs to happen with the energy crisis and what people can do.
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