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61 terms

Evolve Ch 4 Blood

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
STUDY
PLAY
hematology
study of blood
morphology
study of form
erythrocyte
red blood cell
reticulocyte
net cell (immature RBC's containing remnant ribosomes & endoplasmic reticulum)
reticul-
net (network, root word)
polychromasia
condition of many colors (RBC with varies or multicolored staining qualities)
erythr-
red (root word)
morph-
form (shape, root word)
anis-
unequal (root word)
anisocytosis
condition of unequal cells (condition of marked variation in the size of RBC)
anemia
deficiency of red cells (RBC's)
pan
all (prefix)
pancytopenia
deficiency of all cells
leukocyte
white blood cell
leukopenia
deficiency of white cells (WBC's)
leukosytosis
condition of white cells (increased number of WBC's)
neutropenia
deficiency of neutrophils (deceased number of neutrophilic WBC)
bas-
blue (root word)
basophilic
pertaining to blue affinity (things that stain readily w/ basic or blue dyes)
eosin-
red (rosy, dawn, root word)
eosinophilia
condition of red affinity (increased numbers of eosinophilic WBC's)
lymphocytosis
condition of lymph cells (increased numbers of lymphocytic WBC's)
monocytosis
condition of one cell (increased numbers of monocytic WBC's)
polymorphonuclear
pertaining to a multi shaped nucleus
thrombocyte
a clot cell (blood platelets)
hemostasis
process of blood stoppage (process of clotting)
thrombus
a clot
phagocyte
an eating cell (WBC's that ingest foreign organisms and particles)
macrophage
a large eater (phagocytic WBC's found wandering outside the bloodstream)
anticoagulant
one against clotting (agent that prevents the clotting of blood)
hemolysis
process of destroying blood (breakage of RBC's)
hemorrhage
blood escaping (bleeding)
hematoma
blood swelling (localized accumulation of blood between tissues or layers of tissues, due to a break in a blood vessel)
-crit
separate (root word)
hematocrit
separate blood
kary-
nucleus (kernel, root word)
megakaryocyte
large nucleated cell (a cell formed in the bone marrow that contains a very large nucleus & from which platelets are formed)
poikil-
irregular (varied, root word)
poikilocytosis
condition of varied, irregular cells (varied shaped of RBC)
hypoproteinemia
condition of deficient protein of the blood (below normal plasma proteins)
lipemia
condition of fat blood (an excess of fats or lipids in the blood, giving a milky appearance to the blood & plasma)
leukemia
condition of white blood (malignancy of the blood-forming tissues, resulting in excessive numbers of abnormal leukocytes in the blood)
bilirubinemia
condition of bilirubin blood (excessive bilirubin in the blood)
icteric
pertaining to icterus (jaudice, yellow)
icter-
yellow (jaudice, root word)
rubr-
red (rood word)
rubriblast
a red seed (the youngest form of RBC, found only in the bone marrow)
prorubricyte
an early red cell (very young RBC, found in the bone marrow, the next stage of red cell develpment after rubiblast)
rubricyte
a red cell (a young RBC)
metarubricyte
a changed red cell (young RBC, that is about to discharge its nucleus; most common nucleated RBC in circulating blood)
prothrombin
a before clot (clotting factor II, which is a precursor to thrombin in the clotting cascade)
fibrinogen
fiber producing (clotting factor I, which is the precursor to fibrin)
spherocyte
a ball cell (RBC that is round rather than discoid, lacking a zone of central pallor)
stomatocyte
a mouth cell (a poikilocyteic RBC that appears to have a smiley face centrally in the cell)
keratocyte
a horn cell (poikilocytic RBC that appears to have horns)
echinocyte
a hedgehog cell (poikilocytic RBC that appears spiney like a hedgehog)
acanthocyte
a thorn cell (poikilocytic RBC that has multiple (few) irregularly placed projections)
schizocyte
a divided cell (poikilocytic RBC that has been torn into fragments)
echin-
hedgehog shape (root word)
acanta-
thorn shaped (root word)
myelodysplasia
condition of marrow malformation/poor development