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30 terms

APUSH CH. 22 Vocab

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swinging around the circle
the nickname for Andrew Johnson's series of political speeches in the congressional campaign of 1866 to get support for his Reconstruction plan
13th
the legal freeing of slaves did not occur until the states ratified this amendment in 1865
Andrew Johnson
the man from Tennessee who was added as Lincoln's running-mate in 1864 to sew up the election by attracting War Democrats and the Border States
Civil Rights Bill
the 1866 legislation that conferred American citizenship upon blacks and attacked the Black Codes
Union
the ticket on which Lincoln ran in the election of 1864
1866
as a result of their congressional elections of this year, the radical Republicans won a 2/3 majority in both houses
War Democrats
the name given to the faction of Democrats during the Civil War that patriotically supported the Lincoln administration
14th
the Constitutional amendment that conferred civil rights upon blacks, penalized states that denied blacks the vote, and repudiated the Confederate debt
Alaska
"Seward's Polar Bear Garden"
Benjamin Butler
radicals were so sure Andrew Johnson would be impeached in 1868 that the president-to-be appointed this man to be secretary of state
Force Acts
Congress responded to Southern terrorism (KKK) in 1870-1871 with legislation given this name
Oliver O. Howard
the Union general who in 1865 became the first head of the Freedmen's Bureau
Andrew Johnson
the person born to impoverished parents in North Carolina and early orphaned. He never attended school but was apprenticed to a tailor and became president at age 57
Ku Klux Klan
the most common name for the secret organizations that arose during Reconstruction in the South to terrorize blacks and those who sought to give blacks more rights
Military Reconstruction Act
the Congressional act of 1867 which swept away white state governments in the South and replaced them with five military districts commanded by Union generals
Scalawags
the term for Southerners who collaborated with the military governments during Reconstruction
Edwin M. Stanton
the cabinet secretary who was outwardly loyal to Andrew Johnson but who was a spy for the radicals
15th
the amendment passed by Congress in 1869 which incorporated black suffrage into the Constitution
literacy
among the unfair methods used in the South during Reconstruction to prevent blacks from voting was the administration of this kind of test
Thaddeus Stevens
the crusty Pennsylvania congressman who led the radical Republicans during Reconstruction
Carpetbaggers
the term for Northerners who went into the South during Reconstruction to make their fortune or to otherwise take advantage of military rule there
Andrew Johnson
the man whose Reconstruction plan disenfranchised wealthy Confederates, required repeal of secession laws, repudiated Confederate debts, and required ratification of the 13th amendment
William H. Seward
the Johnson secretary of state responsible in 1876 for their outstanding foreign relations achievement
Convict Andrew Johnson
in 1868, the radical Republicans failed by one vote to do this in the first political spectacle of its kind in history
Charles Sumner
the Republican idealist who pushed for black suffrage during Reconstruction as a principle of black freedom and racial equality
Black Codes
the term for the laws passed by Southern legislatures in 1865-1866 which were designed to regulate the affairs of emancipated blacks
Tenure of Office Act
the law used by the radicals to establish grounds to impeach Andrew Johnson
Freedman's Bureau
the government agency created in 1865 to help ex-slaves cope with the problem of survival
Purchase of Alaska
Andrew Johnson's administration had its most spectacular success with this foreign relations achievement
Radical Republicans
the extremists in Congress in the 1860s who wished to reconstruct the South with a rod of iron