Terms in this set (31)
intervention aimed at minimizing and alleviating the communication difficulties associated with hearing loss
how smoothly conversation unfolds
a loss of function imposed by hearing loss. a multidimensional phenomenon that may include pain, discomfort, physical dysfunction, emotional distress, and the inability to carry out typical activities.
American academy of audiology
third party disability
changes in life functioning that accrue as a result of a family members health condition
the perception of sound in the head without an external cause
to prevent or minimize the deleterious effects of loud sound on the auditory system
intervention for persons who have not yet developed listening, speech and language skills
assistive listening device (ALD)
an instrument designed to provide awareness or identification of environmental signals and speech and to improve signal-to-noise ratios.
pure-tone average (PTA)
the average of the thresholds at 500, 1000, and 2000hz
the extent of the hearing loss at each frequency and gives an overall description of the hearing loss
a graphic representation of hearing thresholds as a function of stimulus frequency
asymmetrical hearing loss
one in which the degree and or configuration of one ear differs from that of the other ear
hard of hearing
having a hearing loss usually not used to refer to a profound hearing loss
having minimal or no hearing
hearing loss incurred before the acquisition of spoken language skills. usually before the child turns 2
present at birth or associated with the birthing process
not present at birth but is incurred later either as a child or adult.
HL incurred during the stage of acquiring spoken language, usually up until a child is 5.
HL that occurred after the acquisition of spoken language
stems from an obstruction in either the outer or middle ear that prevents sound from reaching the sensorineural structures in the inner ear.
a congenitally small external ear
a congenital closure of the external auditory canal
an inflammation of the middle ear often accompanied by the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear cavity.
stems from a disturbance in the inner ear, eight nerve, brain stem, midbrain, or auditory cortex. typically permanent
a HL that has both a conductive and a sensorineural component
progressive hearing loss
a hearing loss that increases over time
sudden hearing loss
HL with acute and rapid onset
clinical decision making that is based on a review of the scientific evidence of benefits and costs of alternative forms of diagnosis or treatment, on clinical experience and on patient values.
whether an experimental result has practical meaning to either the patient or the clinician