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Chapter 19 Part 3
Terms in this set (33)
Which of the following statements regarding conjunctivitis is correct?
Conjunctivitis usually spreads to the opposite eye.
Headaches, nausea and vomiting, narrowing vision fields, and a "graying" in the field of vision are consistent with:
Cataracts are caused by clouding of the:
Signs and symptoms of retinal detachment include:
lashing lights, specks, or floaters in the field of vision.
A young female presents with a headache, severe aching around her right ear, and difficulty chewing. Assessment and treatment for her should focus on:
analgesia as needed and transport.
What is the pathophysiology of Meniere disease?
Endolymphatic rupture creates increased pressure in the cochlear duct, which then leads to damage to the organ of Corti and the semicircular canals
You are assessing an elderly man who has asthma and uses an inhaled corticosteroid on a regular basis. He has white patches on his tongue and the inside of his mouth. He is conscious and alert and his airway is patent. You should:
provide supportive care and transport.
Which of the following statements regarding vitreous humor is correct?
Vitreous humor is a jelly-like substance that maintains the shape of the globe.
Patients with a corneal abrasion may present with all of the following, EXCEPT:
In contrast to the oculomotor nerve, the optic nerve:
is the second cranial nerve and provides the sense of vision.
A 55-year-old female complains of severe vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, and a sense of fullness in her right ear. You should:
administer an antiemetic and monitor her airway in case she vomits.
Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles that cause motion of the eyeballs and upper eyelids?
A patient with a dysconjugate gaze following an ocular injury:
has discoordination between the movements of both eyes.
A construction worker was hammering when he experienced a sudden severe pain to his right eye. Assessment of his eye reveals that it is irritated and you can see a small sliver of metal imbedded in the globe. He is also wearing contact lenses. You should:
leave his contact lenses in place and cover both eyes with a sterile dressing.
Which of the following is a complication associated with dysfunction of cranial nerves VI, VII, IX, and XII?
A 4-year-old child presents with a deep "croup-like" cough, difficulty breathing, and a high fever. You should suspect:
The ___________ nerve provides motor function to the muscles of the tongue.
The __________ are cone-shaped fossae that enclose and protect the eyes.
In dark-skinned patients, cyanosis can be detected in the:
Hyphema is defined as:
blood in the anterior chamber of the eye.
A yeast infection that causes white patches in the mouth or on the tongue is called:
The ONLY indication for removing contact lenses in the prehospital setting is:
chemical eye burns.
Cardiac monitoring is recommended when caring for a patient with an eye-related emergency because:
ocular pressure can stimulate the vagus nerve and cause bradycardia.
is a smoker's disease that causes excess cell growth in the mouth.
Treatment for Meniere disease includes:
diuretics and antiemetics.
Metal filings are particularly inflammatory because they cause a "rust ring" of the ________ after 24 hours.
Common symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include all of the following, EXCEPT:
Patients with epiglottitis present with:
Icteric sclera are:
Retinal detachment is especially common in:
A distorted sense of smell in which a person perceives unpleasant odors when the odors do not exist is called:
Which of the following statements regarding epiglottitis is correct?
It now occurs more often in adults.
Which of the following structures receives light impulses and converts them to nerve signals that are conducted to the brain by the optic nerve and interpreted as vision?
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