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Chap 14-17 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
political geography
the study of the political organization of the planet.
landlocked
surrounded by land on all sides
political culture
a way of thinking about how politics and government ought to be carried out
theocracy
a government run by religious officials
human territoriality
effectors of human societies to influence events and achieve social goals
state
a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any higher authority
nation
tightly knit group of individuals sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural attributes
nation-state
A country who's population share a common identity.
sovereignty
government free from external control
territorial morphology
study of states' shapes and their effects
microstates
states with very small land areas
compact state
a state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
fragmented state
a state consisting of one or more pieces
elongated state
a state whose territory is long and narrow in shape
prorupt state
a small area that sticks out from a country
perforated state
territory completely surrounds another state
exclaves
part of a state separated form the rest of the state
enclaves
small countries within larger countries
boundary
a line or natural feature that separates one area, state, or country from another
capital city
a place where laws and plans for a state are made
centrifugal forces
forces that divide
centripetal forces
forces that unify
colonialism
a system by which a country maintains colonies outside its borders
core area
The largest population cluster, the most productive region, the area with greatest centrality and accessibility, probably containing the capital city as well.
federal state
An internal organization of a state that allocated most powers to units of local government.
geopolitics
the study of the relationship between geography and politics
gerrymander
an oddly shaped district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
heartland theory
a geopolitical hypothesis proposed by British geographer Harold Mackinder that states that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain strength to eventually dominate the world.
multicore state
A territory that possesses more than one core area
organic theory
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include all stages of life.
primate city
a city that ranks first in a nation in terms of population and economy
rimland
The term coined by Nicholas Spykman referring to the coastal rim of Eurasia
tribalism
a situation in which people feel greater allegiance and loyalty to their own ethnic group than to a state as a whole
unitary state
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Benelux
A customs union comprising BElgium and NEtherlands and LUXembourg
Common Market
a group of countries that act as a single market, without trade barriers
cultural organization
An organization based on culture., An organization based on culture.
European Community
group of nations established in 1957 to expand free trade in Europe; also called Common Market
European Union
an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries
Euroregions
Transboundary cooperartion zones in Europe that conform to the rules of the Euregion Council.
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
sea zone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources.
international sanctions
Actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.
law of the sea
law establishing states' rights and responcibilitirs concerning the ownership of the earth's natural seas and oceans and their rescources
median-line principle
the system of drawing a political boundary midway between two states' coastlines when the territorial seas or EEZ are narrower than twice the standard or adopted limit
military alliance
a mutual treaty of assistance that commits each nation to support one another if they should be attacked
multinational union
States that have joined together to further their shared political ideologies
political union
incoporates foreign and defense policy, like a federal political system
supranationalism
the alliance of three or more states
territorial sea
belt of water outside and parallel to the coastline
Truman Proclamation
the United States jurisdiction over the continental shelf
democracy
government ruled by the people
devolution
transferring power to local authorities
ethnic group
a group of people who share a common culture and ancestry
ethnonationalism
ethnic groups seek independence in a territory of their own
gateway state
A state that absorbs cultures and conditions without being dominated by them
globalization
growth to a global or worldwide scale
New World Order
period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power
religious fundamentalism
movement to return to the foundations of the faith