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51 terms

abdominal ultrasound

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posterior
the right renal artery passes ___________ to the IVC
lipase
the enzyme that is the most sensitive over time in lab test for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis
pyonephrosis
pus in the dilated collecting system
to filter the peripheral blood
the major function of the spleen
jaundice
elevation of serum bilirubin results in
cirrhosis
diminished vascular structures within the liver parenchyma most likely represents
high
in severe hepatocellular destruction the AST and ALT are
biliary obstruction
elevation of alkaline phosphatase is associated with
sheep grazing is common
echinoccal cysts have the highest incidebce in contries which
cirrhosis
patients who have hepatocellular are likely to have had
portal vein
the amebic abscess may reach the liver through the
arteriosclerosis
the most common cause of abdominal aneurysms is
renal cell carcinoma
the most common tumor to fill the IVC is
the hepatic artery
which vascular structure arising from the celiac trunk passes anterior to the portal vein to enter the liver at the porta hepatis
1.3cm
normal average measurement of the portal vein
4mm
the diameter of the the common hepatic duct
courvoisiers sign
an extrahepatic mass compressing the the cbd producing an enlarged gallbladder
adenomyometosis
a condition causing RUQ pain in which small polypoid masses arise from the gallbladder wall
cystic duct
the most common level of obstruction is
alcohol intake
a common cause of acute pancreatitis
less than 3mm
the normal size of the pancreatic duct
pheochromocytoma
a pagtient presents with severe headaches, heart palpatations and intermittent hypertension, what patholgy would you suspect
teratoma
what lesion may mimic a gas containing abscess
metastatic lesions
adrenal insufficiency is typically caused by
arteriosclerosis
the most common cause of an AAA is
cavernous hemangioma
what tumor consist of large blood filled space
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
a patient with painless jaundice, weight loss, decreased appetitie, and pain radiating to the back should be evaluated for
colon
a meckel's diverticulum is most commonly found in the
irregular echogenic mass projecting from the gallbladder wall
what is the most common sonographic appearance of the GB carcinoma
biloma
an extrahepatic loculated fluid collection caused by a spontaneous rupture of the biliary tree is called
cavernous hemangioma
a splenic rupture can be caused by
renal cell carcinoma
renal vein thrombosis may be commonly visualized with
laterally
para-aortic lymphadenopathy generally displaces the kidney in which direction
ovaries, stomach and colon
the most primary lesions to develop peritoneal metastasis originate in the
splenic infarct
patient has no specific complaints but a history of lymphomatous disorders. during the inverview they state that they have a valve defect on the left side of the heart what pathology do you suspect
...
patient present to the er with intermittent excruciating rt flank pain, nausea, vomiting and hematuria what pathology do you suspect
true
true or false using a curved array transducer will improve the visualization of the posterior liver
mucocele
patient present in the er with RLQ pain, fever and elevated leukocytes. the patient states they appendix has been removed. what patholgy would be suspected
true
true or false a congenital simple cyst will not produce a complex sonographic appearance
false
true or false the sonographic finding for a leiomyoma is a pedicle mass extending into the stomach
abscess
patient present with LLQ superficial palpable mass. the patients white blood cell count is elevated and the patient has a fever and a hx of pyogenic infection,what pathology do you suspect
pyonephrosis
hydronephrotic collection system filled with pus
true, intima
false, media
the smaller _____ lumen is lined by ______. The ________ lumen is lined by ________
hernias
hematomas
abcesses
neoplasm
post surgical masses
5 different types of abdominal wall masses
bad infection
someone with malignancy
2 things that cause lymphadenopathy
distorted smooth contour
enlarged
echogenicity changes
vessels and ducts obstructed
how would you describe a liver affected by pathology
homogenous with internal echoes equal to or less than those of the liver
what is the normal sonographic texture of the spleen
constrictive pericarditis
ivc obstruction
severe rt sided tricuspid insufficiency
rt heart failure
post hepatic conditions that cause increased resistance
portal vein thrombosis
splenic vein thrombosis
extrinsic compression of the portal vein
prehepatic increased resisitance conditons
red blood cell destruction
hepatocellular disease
obstruction of the intra and extra hepatic bile ducts
3 basic mechanisms that cause jaundice to occur
anterior and inferior
how does the renal vein lie in comparision to the renal artery